Duke Street, St James's

Duke Street, St James's is a street in the St James's area of the City of Westminster, London. It runs from Piccadilly in the north to King Street in the south, and is crossed by Jermyn Street. Ryder Street joins it on the western side. On the eastern side it provides access to Masons Yard. The upmarket department store Fortnum & Mason[1] occupies the north-west corner.

Duke Street, St James's
Duke Street St James's - geograph.org.uk - 1592065.jpg
South-west side of Duke Street, St James's
Length0.22 km (0.14 mi)
LocationSt James's, London, United Kingdom
Postal codeSW1
Nearest Tube stationLondon Underground Green Park
Coordinates51°30′27″N 0°08′17″W / 51.507589°N 0.137983°W / 51.507589; -0.137983Coordinates: 51°30′27″N 0°08′17″W / 51.507589°N 0.137983°W / 51.507589; -0.137983
NorthPiccadilly
SouthKing Street
Other
Known forArt galleries
Street sign for Duke Street, St James's, SW1

Duke Street, St James's viewed from Piccadilly

HistoryEdit

Duke Street first appeared in the rate books of the parish of St. Martin in the Fields in 1673.[2] It is likely that it was named in honour of James, Duke of York, later James II.[2] Building of the street was completed in the 1680s, though none of the original houses remain.

The Chequers Tavern, at No. 16, occupies a site that has been a public house has since 1732, when Henry Mason, the then occupant, was granted a victualler's licence for an unnamed tavern.[3] His successor was Robert Morgoridge, and William Morgridge was granted a victualler's licence for the Mason's Arms in Duke Street in 1744. By 1751, the name of the tavern had been changed to the Chequers.[2] Mason's Yard is now located to the east of Duke Street.

Notable residentsEdit

Notable residents of Duke Street include:[4]

A lodger in Duke Street, St James's was Edmund Burke, who dated letters from here between December 1790 and March 1791, and in January 1794.[5]

Listed buildingsEdit

  • 11 Duke Street, St James's (Grade II) Terraced house with later shop.[6]
  • 2 & 3 Duke Street, St James's (Grade II) Office and gallery building. 1910-12 by E. Vincent Harris and Thomas A. Moodie.[7]

CultureEdit

“The street is now a centre of fine art dealers and galleries”[8] Forming part of the St James's Art District, Duke Street is an important location for its concentration of art galleries, covering modern and contemporary art, sculpture, old masters and tapestries. It includes the premises of Bernard Jacobson Gallery, Willow Gallery, Thomas Heneage, S Franses Ltd, MacConnal-Mason Galleries, Sims Reed Rare Books and Whitford Fine Art.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gershman, Suzy (7 June 2006). Suzy Gershman's Born to Shop London. John Wiley & Sons. p. 131. Retrieved 28 September 2016. Fortnum & Mason.
  2. ^ a b c http://www.british-history.ac.uk/survey-london/vols29-30/pt1/pp308-312
  3. ^ "Chequers Tavern, St James's, Food Served". Perfect Pint. Archived from the original on 1 October 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  4. ^ "Appendix: Some distinguished residents and lodgers not mentioned in the Text | British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  5. ^ Burke, Edmund; Fitzwilliam, Charles William Wentworth Fitzwilliam; Bourke, Richard (1 January 1844). "Correspondence of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke; between the year 1744 and the period of his decease, in 1797". archive.org. London, F. & J. Rivington. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  6. ^ "11, Duke Street - Westminster - Greater London - England | British Listed Buildings". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  7. ^ "2 and 3, Duke Street St James's Sw1 - Westminster - Greater London - England | British Listed Buildings". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  8. ^ Hibbert, Christopher (2009). The London encyclopaedia (3rd ed.). London: Macmillan. p. 251. ISBN 1405049251.