Duke Qing of Qi

Duke Qing of Qi (Chinese: 齊頃公; pinyin: Qí Qǐng Gōng; died 582 BC) was from 598 to 582 BC ruler of the State of Qi, a major power during the Spring and Autumn period of ancient China. His personal name was Lü Wuye (呂無野), ancestral name Jiang (), and Duke Qing was his posthumous title.[1][2]

Duke Qing of Qi
齊頃公
Ruler of Qi
Reign598–582 BC
PredecessorDuke Hui of Qi
SuccessorDuke Ling of Qi
Died582 BC
SpouseSheng Meng Zi
IssueDuke Ling of Qi
Names
Ancestral name: Jiang (姜)
Clan name: Lü (呂)
Given name: Wuye (無野)
HouseHouse of Jiang
FatherDuke Hui of Qi
MotherXiao Tong Shu Zi

Accession to throneEdit

Duke Qing was the son of Duke Hui of Qi and grandson of Duke Huan, the greatest leader of the State of Qi. He succeeded his father, who died in 599 BC after a ten-year reign. Duke Hui had favoured the official Cui Zhu (崔杼). After Duke Hui's death the powerful Gao and Guo clans of Qi expelled Cui, who fled to the State of Wey. Cui would later return to Qi and cause great turmoil in the state.[1][2]

Battle of AnEdit

In 589 BC Qi attacked the states of Lu and Wey, and annexed the Lu city of Long. Lu and Wey were allies of the State of Jin, a major power of the Spring and Autumn period. In response, Duke Jing of Jin dispatched the Jin army led by generals Xi Ke, Shi Xie, Luan Shu, and Han Jue to help his allies. The Qi and Jin forces fought at An (near present-day Jinan), and Qi was decisively defeated. Duke Qing narrowly escaped capture by exchanging clothes and position with officer Pang Choufu (逢丑父), who was taken prisoner by Jin general Han Jue mistaking him as Duke Qing. After the battle Duke Qing was forced to plead for peace and cede territory to the state of Lu.[2][3]

Duke Qing was greatly humbled by the defeat at the Battle of An. After the battle he reduced taxes, gave alms to orphans and the infirm, and was said to forgo alcohol and meat until his death seven years later.[1][2]

Death and successionEdit

Duke Qing died in 582 BC after 17 years of reign. He was succeeded by his son Huan, Duke Ling of Qi.[1][2]

FamilyEdit

Wives:

  • Sheng Meng Zi, of the Zi clan (聲孟子 子姓), the mother of Prince Huan

Sons:

  • Prince Huan (公子環; d. 554 BC), ruled as Duke Ling of Qi from 581–554 BC

AncestryEdit

Duke Zhuang I of Qi (d. 731 BC)
Duke Xi of Qi (d. 698 BC)
Duke Huan of Qi (d. 643 BC)
Wey Ji of Wey
Duke Hui of Qi (d. 599 BC)
Shao Wey Ji of Wey
Duke Qing of Qi (d. 582 BC)
Xiao Tong Shu Zi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Sima Qian. 齐太公世家 [House of Duke Tai of Qi]. Records of the Grand Historian (in Chinese). Guoxue.com. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e Han Zhaoqi (韩兆琦), ed. (2010). Shiji (史记) (in Chinese). Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company. pp. 2555–2565. ISBN 978-7-101-07272-3.
  3. ^ Zuo Qiuming (translator James Legge). "Book VIII. Duke Cheng". Zuo Zhuan (in Chinese and English). University of Virginia. Retrieved 23 April 2012. {{cite web}}: |author= has generic name (help) Chapter II.
Duke Qing of Qi
 Died: 582 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by Duke of Qi
598–582 BC
Succeeded by