Duke Hu of Qi

Duke Hu of Qi (Chinese: 齊胡公; pinyin: Qí Hú Gōng; reigned 9th century BC) was the sixth recorded ruler of the ancient Chinese state of Qi during the Western Zhou Dynasty. His personal name was Lü Jing (呂靜), ancestral name Jiang (), and Duke Hu was his posthumous title.[1][2]

Duke Hu of Qi
Ruler of Qi
Reign9th century BC
PredecessorDuke Ai of Qi
SuccessorDuke Xian of Qi
Ancestral name: Jiang (姜)
Clan name: Lü (呂)
Given name: Jing (靜)
HouseHouse of Jiang
FatherDuke Gui of Qi

Duke Hu was a younger son of Duke Gui of Qi. When Duke Gui died, Duke Hu's older half-brother Buchen ascended the throne, to be posthumously known as Duke Ai of Qi. Duke Ai had a dispute with the marquis of Qi's neighbouring state Ji (紀). King Yi of Zhou sided with Marquis of Ji and executed Duke Ai by boiling him to death.[3]

King Yi then installed Duke Hu on the throne.[1][2]

Duke Hu moved the capital of Qi from Yingqiu (later known as Linzi) to Bogu. The move was resented by the people of Yingqiu, who rebelled under the leadership of Duke Hu's half-brother Shan, who was the younger full-brother of Duke Ai. Duke Hu was killed and Shan ascended the throne, to be known as Duke Xian of Qi.[1][2]


Jiang Ziya (1128–1015 BC)
Duke Ding of Qi (1050–975 BC)
Duke Yǐ of Qi (d. 933 BC)
Duke Gui of Qi (d. 902 BC)
Duke Hu of Qi (d. 859 BC)


  1. ^ a b c Sima Qian. 齐太公世家 [House of Duke Tai of Qi]. Records of the Grand Historian (in Chinese). Guoxue.com. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Han Zhaoqi (韩兆琦), ed. (2010). Shiji (史记) (in Chinese). Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company. pp. 2511–2512. ISBN 978-7-101-07272-3.
  3. ^ China: From Neolithic cultures through the Great Qing Empire 10,000 BCE-1799 CE by Harold M. Tanner
Duke Hu of Qi
Regnal titles
Preceded by Duke of Qi
9th century BC
Succeeded by