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Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg

  (Redirected from Duke Albrecht of Württemberg)

Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg (German: Albrecht Herzog von Württemberg Albrecht Maria Alexander Philipp Joseph von Württemberg, 23 December 1865 – 31 October 1939) was the last Württemberger crown prince, German military commander of the First World War, and head of the Royal House of Württemberg from 1921 to his death in 1939.

Duke
Albrecht von Württemberg
Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg circa 1905
Duke Albrecht, ca. 1905
Native name Albrecht Herzog von Württemberg
Birth name Albrecht Maria Alexander Philipp Joseph von Württemberg
Born (1865-12-23)23 December 1865
Vienna, Austrian Empire
Died 31 October 1939(1939-10-31) (aged 73)
Altshausen, Germany
Allegiance

 German Empire

Service/branch

 Imperial German Army

Years of service 1885–1919
Rank Generalfeldmarschall
Commands held German 4th Army (1914–1917)
Army Group Albrecht (1917–1918)
Battles

First World War

Awards
Spouse(s) Archduchess Margarete Sophie of Austria
Relations

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Duke Albrecht was born in Vienna as the eldest child of Duke Philipp of Württemberg[1] and his wife Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria,[2] daughter of Archduke Albert, Duke of Teschen.

In 1883, Albrecht entered the 19th Uhlan Regiment of the Württemberger army.[3]

World War IEdit

When Germany entered World War I, Duke Albrecht was given command of the 4th Army, with Walther von Lüttwitz serving as his Chief of Staff. This army he led to victory alongside Crown Prince Wilhelm's army at the Battle of the Ardennes in August 1914. Following this victory, the 4th Army saw action in the First Battle of the Marne before being transferred to Flanders in October, where Duke Albrecht commanded them during the Battle of the Yser. Duke Albrecht also commanded the German forces during the Second Battle of Ypres, where poison gas was used on a large scale for the first time.

Duke Albrecht was awarded the Pour le Mérite in August 1915 and was promoted to Generalfeldmarschall in August 1916. The newly formed Army Group Albrecht was placed under his command in February 1917 and he was responsible for the southern sector of the Western Front until the Armistice.

Post warEdit

Duke Albrecht had become heir presumptive to the Kingdom of Württemberg following the death of his father in October 1917, but, following the German Empire's World War I defeat and the abdication of his cousin King Willhelm II of Württemberg following the German Revolution, he never succeeded to the throne. He became head of the House of Württemberg on the death of Wilhelm on October 2, 1921.

Duke Albrecht died at Altshausen Castle on October 29, 1939. His son Duke Philipp Albrecht succeeded him as head of the House of Württemberg.

FamilyEdit

Duke Albrecht was married in Vienna on 24 January 1893 to Archduchess Margarete Sophie of Austria,[4] a daughter of Archduke Carl Ludwig. They had seven children:

AncestryEdit

Decorations and awardsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ born 30 July 1838 in Neuilly-sur-Seine; died 11 October 1917 in Stuttgart.
  2. ^ born 15 July 1845 in Vienna; died 8 October 1927 in Tübingen.
  3. ^ Zabecki 2014, p. 34.
  4. ^ born 13 May 1870 in Artstetten Castle; died 24 August 1902 in Gmunden.
  5. ^ "Court Circular". The Times (36043). London. 19 January 1900. p. 7. 

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg
Born: 23 December 1865 Died: 31 October 1939
German royalty
Preceded by
Duke Philipp
Heir to the Throne of Württemberg
as heir presumptive
11 October 1917 – 30 November 1918
Monarchy abolished
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Wilhelm II
— TITULAR —
King of Württemberg
2 October 1921 – 31 October 1939
Reason for succession failure:
Kingdom abolished in 1918
Succeeded by
Duke Philipp Albrecht
Military offices
Preceded by
Formed from VI Army Inspectorate
(VI. Armee-Inspektion)
Commander, 4th Army
2 August 1914-25 February 1917
Succeeded by
General der Infanterie Friedrich Bertram Sixt von Armin
Preceded by
New Creation
Commander, Army Group Albrecht
7 March 1917 - 11 November 1918
Succeeded by
Dissolved