Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg(Redirected from Duke Albrecht of Württemberg)
Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg (German: Albrecht Herzog von Württemberg Albrecht Maria Alexander Philipp Joseph von Württemberg, 23 December 1865 – 31 October 1939) was the last Württemberger crown prince, German military commander of the First World War, and head of the Royal House of Württemberg from 1921 to his death in 1939.
Albrecht von Württemberg
Duke Albrecht, ca. 1905
|Native name||Albrecht Herzog von Württemberg|
|Birth name||Albrecht Maria Alexander Philipp Joseph von Württemberg|
23 December 1865|
Vienna, Austrian Empire
31 October 1939 (aged 73)|
|Years of service||1885–1919|
German 4th Army (1914–1917)|
Army Group Albrecht (1917–1918)
|Spouse(s)||Archduchess Margarete Sophie of Austria|
In 1883, Albrecht entered the 19th Uhlan Regiment of the Württemberger army.
World War IEdit
When Germany entered World War I, Duke Albrecht was given command of the 4th Army, with Walther von Lüttwitz serving as his Chief of Staff. This army he led to victory alongside Crown Prince Wilhelm's army at the Battle of the Ardennes in August 1914. Following this victory, the 4th Army saw action in the First Battle of the Marne before being transferred to Flanders in October, where Duke Albrecht commanded them during the Battle of the Yser. Duke Albrecht also commanded the German forces during the Second Battle of Ypres, where poison gas was used on a large scale for the first time.
Duke Albrecht was awarded the Pour le Mérite in August 1915 and was promoted to Generalfeldmarschall in August 1916. The newly formed Army Group Albrecht was placed under his command in February 1917 and he was responsible for the southern sector of the Western Front until the Armistice.
Duke Albrecht had become heir presumptive to the Kingdom of Württemberg following the death of his father in October 1917, but, following the German Empire's World War I defeat and the abdication of his cousin King Willhelm II of Württemberg following the German Revolution, he never succeeded to the throne. He became head of the House of Württemberg on the death of Wilhelm on October 2, 1921.
- Philipp Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg (1893–1975).
- Duke Albrecht Eugen of Württemberg (born 8 January 1895 in Stuttgart; died 24 June 1954 in Schwäbisch Gmünd), who married Princess Nadezhda of Bulgaria (1899–1958), daughter of Tsar Ferdinand I. They had five children.
- Duke Carl Alexander of Württemberg (born 12 March 1896 in Stuttgart; died 27 December 1964 in Altshausen), known as "Father Odo".
- Duchess Maria Amalia of Württemberg (born 15 August 1897 in Gmunden; died 13 August 1923 in Altshausen), briefly engaged to Crown Prince George of Saxony.
- Duchess Maria Theresa of Württemberg (born 16 August 1898 in Stuttgart; died 26 March 1928 in Eibingen).
- Duchess Maria Elisabeth of Württemberg (born 12 September 1899 in Potsdam; died 15 April 1900 in Meran.)
- Duchess Margarita Maria of Württemberg (born 4 January 1902 in Stuttgart; died 22 April 1945 in Altshausen.)
Decorations and awardsEdit
- born 30 July 1838 in Neuilly-sur-Seine; died 11 October 1917 in Stuttgart.
- born 15 July 1845 in Vienna; died 8 October 1927 in Tübingen.
- Zabecki 2014, p. 34.
- Tuchman 2014, p. 16: Albrecht is referred to as the "Grand Duke of Württemberg."
- born 13 May 1870 in Artstetten Castle; died 24 August 1902 in Gmunden.
- "Court Circular". The Times (36043). London. 19 January 1900. p. 7.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1922 Encyclopædia Britannica article Albert, Duke of Württemberg.|
- Tuchman, Barbara W. (2014). Guns of August. Random House Trade. ISBN 978-0-345-38623-6.
- Tucker, Spencer C .; Roberts, Priscilla Mary (2005). Encyclopedia of World War I. ABC-Clio. ISBN 1-85109-420-2. OCLC 61247250.
- Zabecki, David T. (28 October 2014). Germany at War: 400 Years of Military History. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1598849816.
Albrecht, Duke of WürttembergBorn: 23 December 1865 Died: 31 October 1939
| Heir to the Throne of Württemberg
as heir presumptive
11 October 1917 – 30 November 1918
|Titles in pretence|
|— TITULAR —
King of Württemberg
2 October 1921 – 31 October 1939
Reason for succession failure:
Kingdom abolished in 1918
Duke Philipp Albrecht
Formed from VI Army Inspectorate
| Commander, 4th Army
2 August 1914 – 25 February 1917
General der Infanterie Friedrich Bertram Sixt von Armin
| Commander, Army Group Albrecht
7 March 1917 – 11 November 1918