Open main menu

Dublin (European Parliament constituency)

Dublin is a constituency of the European Parliament in Ireland. It elects 4 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) using proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote (STV). The first three MEPs will sit as soon as the parliament assembles, while the fourth will not take his seat unless and until Brexit has taken effect.

Dublin
European Parliament constituency
Map of the European Parliament constituencies with Dublin highlighted in red
Location among the current constituencies
Ireland-Dublin-European-Parliament-Constituency-2019.svg
Dublin shown within Ireland
Member stateIreland
Created1979
MEPs4 (1979–2009)
3 (2009–2019)
4 (2019–)
Sources
[1][2]

Contents

History and boundariesEdit

The constituency was created in 1979 for the first direct elections to the European Parliament.[1] From 1979 to 1994, it comprised County Dublin and the city of Dublin. Since 1994 it comprises the same area redefined as the counties of Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, Fingal, South Dublin and the city of Dublin.[2]

From 1979 to 2004, it elected 4 MEPs; this was reduced to 3 for the 2009 election. For the 2019 European Parliament election, a reapportionment following Brexit and the loss of 73 MEPs from the United Kingdom gave two additional seats to Ireland. Following a recommendation of the Constituency Commission, Dublin gained an extra seat, from 3 to 4. However, the last candidate elected will not take their seat until after the United Kingdom has withdrawn from the European Union.[3][4][5][2][6]

Elections Seats
1979, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2004 4[1][7][8]
2009, 2014 3[9][10]
2019 4[nb 1]

MEPsEdit

Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) for Dublin 1979–
Key to parties
Parl. Election Member
(Party)
Member
(Party)
Member
(Party)
Member
(Party)
1st 1979[11] John O'Connell
(Lab)
Richie Ryan
(FG)
Michael O'Leary
(Lab)
Síle de Valera
(FF)
1981[nb 2] John Horgan
(Lab)
1981[nb 3] Frank Cluskey
(Lab)
1983[nb 2] Flor O'Mahony
(Lab)
1983[nb 3] Brendan Halligan
(Lab)
2nd 1984[12] Eileen Lemass
(FF)
Mary Banotti
(FG)
Niall Andrews
(FF)
1986[nb 4] Chris O'Malley
(FG)
3rd 1989[13] Proinsias De Rossa
(WP)
Barry Desmond
(Lab)
1992[nb 5] Des Geraghty
(DL)
4th 1994[14] Patricia McKenna
(GP)
Bernie Malone
(Lab)
5th 1999[15] Proinsias De Rossa
(Lab)
6th 2004[16] Mary Lou McDonald
(SF)
Gay Mitchell
(FG)
Eoin Ryan
(FF)
7th 2009[17] Joe Higgins
(SP)
3 seats
2009–2019
2011[nb 6] Paul Murphy
(SP)
2012[nb 7] Emer Costello
(Lab)
8th 2014[18] Lynn Boylan
(SF)
Nessa Childers
(Ind)
Brian Hayes
(FG)
9th 2019[19] Ciarán Cuffe
(GP)
Clare Daly
(I4C)
Frances Fitzgerald
(FG)
Barry Andrews[nb 1]
(FF)

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

2019 electionEdit

2019 European Parliament election: Dublin[20][21]
Party Candidate FPv% Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6 Count 7 Count 8 Count 9 Count 10 Count 11 Count 12 Count 13 Count 14 Count 15 Count 16
Green Party Ciarán Cuffe 17.5 63,849 63,895 63,997 64,314 64,406 64,588 64,853 65,291 65,683 66,370 69,282 71,255 73,028      
Fine Gael Frances Fitzgerald 16.2 59,067 59,089 59,135 59,250 59,317 59,375 59,448 59,575 59,724 60,062 61,528 61,880 72,446 78,580    
Inds. 4 Change Clare Daly 11.6 42,305 42,344 42,391 42,533 42,673 42,744 43,400 44,159 45,570 46,850 48,559 52,382 52,930 55,752 65,683 87,770
Fianna Fáil Barry Andrews[nb 1] 14.1 51,420 51,446 51,506 51,599 51,708 51,913 51,997 52,078 52,451 53,159 53,980 54,418 56,110 59,619 63,177 68,952
Sinn Féin Lynn Boylan 10.8 39,387 39,428 39,457 39,526 39,646 39,701 40,045 40,470 41,786 42,317 42,873 45,216 45,552 46,704 51,632  
Social Democrats Gary Gannon 5.6 20,331 20,360 20,398 20,507 20,578 20,647 21,002 21,561 22,054 22,426 24,051 25,502 25,915 29,720    
Labour Party Alex White 5.0 18,293 18,312 18,350 18,414 18,445 18,513 18,942 19,088 19,226 19,661 20,905 21,303 22,205      
Fine Gael Mark Durkan 4.5 16,473 16,488 16,534 16,562 16,637 16,704 16,733 16,778 16,875 17,144 17,480 17,649        
People Before Profit Gillian Brien 3.0 10,864 10,896 10,918 10,968 11,006 11,036 11,370 13,134 13,584 13,912 14,358          
Independent Alice Mary Higgins 3.0 10,846 10,867 10,907 11,045 11,129 11,228 11,434 11,751 12,039 12,887            
Independent Gemma O'Doherty 1.8 6,659 6,689 6,782 6,867 7,594 8,451 8,661 8,768 10,622              
Independent Ben Gilroy 2.1 7,594 7,627 7,648 7,689 8,051 8,450 8,511 8,609                
Solidarity Rita Harrold 1.4 4,967 4,999 5,028 5,088 5,125 5,171 5,607                  
Workers' Party Éilis Ryan 1.0 3,701 3,722 3,745 3,784 3,817 3,895                    
Independent Eamonn Murphy 0.7 2,519 2,575 2,666 2,750 2,915                      
Independent Hermann Kelly 0.7 2,441 2,473 2,506 2,539                        
Independent Aisling McNiffe 0.4 1,572 1,641 1,690                          
Independent Mark Mullan 0.3 932 969                            
Independent Tony Bosco Lowth 0.2 727                              
Electorate: 884,118   Valid: 363,947   Spoilt: 15,345 (4.1%)   Quota: 72,790   Turnout: 379,292 (42.9%)

The count was suspended overnight after count 14 to clarify whether Lynn Boylan's votes should be redistributed between the two continuing candidates, Barry Andrews and Clare Daly.[23][24] The usual count rules had been amended so the practice of deeming candidates elected without reaching the quota would not apply.[25] This gives a more precise ordering between the final candidates to be elected, which is important in 2019 because the last candidate elected cannot take their seat until the reallocation of seats in the European Parliament which will take place once Brexit has taken effect and the MEPs elected for the United Kingdom vacate their seats.[22]

2014 electionEdit

2014 European Parliament election: Dublin[18]
Party Candidate FPv% Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6 Count 7
Sinn Féin Lynn Boylan 23.6 83,264 84,289 89,764        
Independent Nessa Childers 10.2 35,939 37,706 41,787 46,531 59,955 72,413 73,598
Fine Gael Brian Hayes 15.5 54,676 55,132 55,656 63,591 65,132 73,317 73,405
Green Party Eamon Ryan 12.5 44,078 45,173 47,256 53,179 59,803 71,909 72,256
Fianna Fáil Mary Fitzpatrick 12.6 44,283 44,954 45,779 48,360 50,585    
Socialist Party Paul Murphy 8.5 29,953 31,310 39,313 41,373      
Labour Party Emer Costello 7.4 25,961 26,232 27,194        
People Before Profit Bríd Smith 6.8 23,875 25,539          
Direct Democracy Tom D'Arcy 1.1 4,022            
Direct Democracy Raymond Whitehead 0.9 3,133            
Independent Jim Tallon 0.6 2,244            
Fís Nua Damon Wise 0.3 1,147            
Electorate: 820,668   Valid: 352,575   Spoilt: 6,368 (1.8%)   Quota: 88,144   Turnout: 358,943 (43.7%)

2009 electionEdit

 
Posters in Upper Leeson Street for candidates in the Euro and local elections
2009 European Parliament election: Dublin[17][26]
Party Candidate FPv% Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6 Count 7
Fine Gael Gay Mitchell 23.8 96,715 99,098 100,810 104,413      
Labour Party Proinsias De Rossa[nb 7] 20.5 83,471 85,217 87,274 94,306 95,636 103,225  
Socialist Party Joe Higgins[nb 6] 12.4 50,510 52,457 53,038 55,116 55,351 60,165 82,366
Fianna Fáil Eoin Ryan 13.6 55,346 56,317 66,205 68,517 69,122 71,530 76,956
Sinn Féin Mary Lou McDonald 11.8 47,928 50,097 50,980 52,447 52,529 55,429  
Independent Patricia McKenna 4.3 17,521 21,523 22,380 25,213 25,636    
Green Party Déirdre de Búrca 4.7 19,086 20,226 21,991        
Fianna Fáil Eibhlin Byrne 4.7 18,956 19,448          
Libertas Caroline Simons 3.3 13,514            
Independent Emmanuel Sweeney 0.9 3,583            
Electorate: 812,465   Valid: 406,630   Spoilt: 6,054 (1.5%)   Quota: 101,658   Turnout: 412,684 (50.8%)

For the 2009 election, the constituency was reduced from 4 seats to 3.

2004 electionEdit

2004 European Parliament election: Dublin[16]
Party Candidate FPv% Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6
Fine Gael Gay Mitchell 21.5 90,749          
Fianna Fáil Eoin Ryan 14.6 61,681 62,939 64,876 65,923 85,810  
Labour Party Proinsias De Rossa 12.9 54,344 56,243 57,466 62,424 66,570 96,094
Sinn Féin Mary Lou McDonald 14.3 60,395 60,689 62,030 68,355 72,153 76,543
Green Party Patricia McKenna 9.6 40,445 41,506 44,684 49,101 51,892 59,543
Labour Party Ivana Bacik 9.7 40,707 41,703 42,624 45,413 47,520  
Fianna Fáil Royston Brady 8.6 36,269 36,593 37,423 38,324    
Socialist Party Joe Higgins 5.5 23,218 23,460 24,541      
Christian Solidarity Barry Despard 1.3 5,352 5,443        
Independent Brendan Price 1.1 4,813 4,931        
Independent Tom Prendeville 0.5 2,071 2,124        
Independent Paul Doonan 0.4 1,853 1,886        
Electorate: 821,723   Valid: 421,897   Spoilt: 13,239 (3.0%)   Quota: 84,380   Turnout: 435,136 (52.9%)

1999 electionEdit

1999 European Parliament election: Dublin[15]
Party Candidate FPv% Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6 Count 7 Count 8
Fine Gael Mary Banotti 20.2 56,593              
Fianna Fáil Niall Andrews 15.7 44,176 44,731 45,967 46,481 47,931 50,439 71,423  
Green Party Patricia McKenna 12.7 35,659 37,988 39,818 43,662 48,299 54,883 56,992  
Labour Party Proinsias De Rossa 10.2 28,748 29,522 29,882 31,849 37,820 41,605 43,536 47,018
Fine Gael Jim Mitchell 9.9 27,873 28,483 30,402 31,296 33,845 34,942 37,051 41,489
Fianna Fáil Ben Briscoe 8.9 25,065 25,457 26,917 27,322 27,727 29,616    
Sinn Féin Seán Crowe 6.6 18,633 19,070 19,735 21,147 21,703      
Labour Party Bernie Malone 5.7 15,890 16,570 16,982 18,272        
Socialist Party Joe Higgins 3.8 10,619 11,360 11,697          
Christian Solidarity Gerard Casey 3.4 9,425 9,867            
Independent Ciaran Goulding 2.0 5,546              
Independent Adam Goodwin 0.5 1,438              
Natural Law John Burns 0.4 1,006              
Electorate: 793,200   Valid: 280,671   Spoilt: 6,013 (2.1%)   Quota: 56,135   Turnout: 286,684 (36.1%)

1994 electionEdit

1994 European Parliament election: Dublin[14]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Green Party Patricia McKenna 40,388 14.5 1 10
Fianna Fáil Niall Andrews 36,877 13.3 2 10
Fine Gael Mary Banotti 38,053 13.7 3 12
Labour Party Bernie Malone 22,419 8.1 4 12
Fine Gael Jim Mitchell 28,116 10.1
Democratic Left Pat Rabbitte 24,133 8.7
Labour Party Orla Guerin 16,674 6.0
Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 15,830 5.7
Fianna Fáil John Stafford 12,811 4.6
Independent Eamonn Murphy 9,296 3.4
Progressive Democrats Stephen O'Byrnes 8,212 3.0
Fianna Fáil Olive Braiden 8,237 3.0
Sinn Féin Larry O'Toole 8,190 3.0
Independent Paddy Madigan 6,903 2.5
Natural Law John Burns 1,705 0.6
Electorate: 755,486   Valid: 277,844   Spoilt: 2,917 (1.0%)   Quota: 55,569   Turnout: 280,761 (37.2%)

1989 electionEdit

1989 European Parliament election: Dublin[13]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Workers' Party Proinsias De Rossa[nb 5] 71,041 15.8 1 6
Fine Gael Mary Banotti 50,666 11.3 2 6
Fianna Fáil Niall Andrews 72,057 16.1 3 6
Labour Party Barry Desmond 57,225 12.8 4 12
Fianna Fáil Eileen Lemass 58,345 13.0
Green Party Trevor Sargent 37,317 8.3
Progressive Democrats Mary Harney 36,402 8.1
Independent Raymond Crotty 25,525 5.7
Fine Gael Chris O'Malley 26,574 5.9
Sinn Féin Ann Speed 11,582 2.6
Independent Tim Cahill 1,668 0.4
Electorate: 711,416   Valid: 448,402   Spoilt: 7,137 (1.6%)   Quota: 89,681   Turnout: 455,539 (64.0%)

1984 electionEdit

1984 European Parliament election: Dublin[12]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fine Gael Richie Ryan[nb 4] 47,014 16.6 1 8
Fianna Fáil Eileen Lemass 31,350 11.1 2 8
Fine Gael Mary Banotti 42,660 15.1 3 8
Fianna Fáil Niall Andrews 32,512 11.5 4 8
Labour Party Frank Cluskey 28,384 10.0
Fianna Fáil Jim Tunney 30,488 10.8
Workers' Party Des Geraghty 19,590 6.9
Independent Seán Loftus 17,385 6.2
Sinn Féin John Noonan 14,604 5.2
Independent Shane Ross 8,099 2.9
Democratic Socialist John de Courcy Ireland 5,350 1.9
Green Party Christopher Fettes 5,242 1.9
Electorate: 704,873   Valid: 282,678   Spoilt: 6,153 (2.1%)   Quota: 56,536   Turnout: 288,831 (41.0%)

1979 electionEdit

 
Dublin in 1979–2004 European Parliament constituencies
1979 European Parliament election: Dublin[11]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Labour Party John O'Connell[nb 2] 44,832 15.2 1 8
Fine Gael Richie Ryan 48,411 16.4 2 8
Labour Party Michael O'Leary[nb 3] 34,511 11.7 3 10
Fianna Fáil Síle de Valera 41,357 14.0 4 10
Fine Gael Nuala Fennell 26,951 9.1
Fianna Fáil Ruairí Brugha 21,758 7.4
Independent Seán Loftus 21,769 7.4
Fine Gael Maurice Manning 14,296 4.8
Fianna Fáil Michael Yeats 12,715 4.3
Sinn Féin - The Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 11,915 4.0
Fianna Fáil Joe Fox 8,178 2.8
Labour Party Jane Dillon Byrne 7,807 2.6
Independent Kevin Clear 915 0.3
Electorate: 618,454   Valid: 295,415   Spoilt: 8,653 (2.9%)   Quota: 59,084   Turnout: 304,068 (49.2%)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Barry Andrews, the fourth candidate elected in 2019, will not take his seat until the UK leaves the EU and its MEPs vacate their seats.[22][23]
  2. ^ a b c John O'Connell was substituted by John Horgan (LAB / PES) on 21 October 1981. John Horgan resigned on 1 January 1983 and was substituted by Flor O'Mahony (LAB / PES) on 2 March 1983.
  3. ^ a b c Michael O'Leary was substituted by Frank Cluskey (LAB / PES) on 1 July 1981. Frank Cluskey was substituted by Brendan Halligan (LAB / PES) on 2 March 1983.
  4. ^ a b Richie Ryan was substituted by Chris O'Malley (FG / EPP) on 3 June 1986.
  5. ^ a b Proinsias De Rossa was substituted by Des Geraghty (DL / EUL) on 18 February 1992.
  6. ^ a b Joe Higgins was substituted by Paul Murphy (SP / GUE/NGL) on 1 April 2011.
  7. ^ a b Proinsias De Rossa was substituted by Emer Costello (LAB / S&D) in February 2012.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "European Assembly Elections Act, 1977: Schedule (Constituencies)". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  2. ^ a b "European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Act 2019, Substitution of Third Schedule to Principal Act". Irish Statute Book. 12 March 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ European Council Decision (EU) 2018/937 of 28 June 2018 establishing the composition of the European Parliament
  4. ^ "Dublin and Ireland South to gain extra European Parliament seats". RTÉ News. 24 September 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  5. ^ "Report on European Parliament Constituencies 2018" (PDF). Constituency Commission. 24 September 2018. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  6. ^ "European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Act 2019, Section 6". Irish Statute Book. 12 March 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  7. ^ "European Parliament Elections Act 1997, Third Schedule". Irish Statute Book. 24 February 1997. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  8. ^ "European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Act 2004, Section 4". Irish Statute Book. 27 February 2004. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009, Section 8". Irish Statute Book. 24 February 2009. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  10. ^ "European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Act 2014, Section 3". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  11. ^ a b "1979 European Parliament election – Dublin constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
  12. ^ a b "1984 European Parliament election – Dublin constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
  13. ^ a b "1989 European Parliament election – Dublin constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
  14. ^ a b "1994 European Parliament election – Dublin constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
  15. ^ a b "1999 European Parliament election – Dublin constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  16. ^ a b "2004 European Parliament election – Dublin constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
  17. ^ a b "2009 European Parliament election – Dublin constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 21 April 2009.
  18. ^ a b "2014 European Parliament election – Dublin constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
  19. ^ https://www.thejournal.ie/liveblog-day-four-4657175-May2019/
  20. ^ "Runners and riders line up for Euro election race". RTÉ News. 2 February 2019.
  21. ^ Dublin County Returning Officer. "Candidates for European Parliament Election 2019".
  22. ^ a b Phelan, John Paul (28 February 2019). "European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Bill 2019: Committee and Remaining Stages". Dáil Éireann (32nd Dáil) debates. Oireachtas. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  23. ^ a b "Daly, Andrews take final Dublin seats in Euro Elections". RTÉ News. 28 May 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  24. ^ McCrave, Conor (28 May 2019). "Dublin MEP count suspended amid questions over vote transfers". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 30 May 2019. The most recent candidate to be eliminated was Gary Gannon, whose votes are yet to be officially distributed.
  25. ^ European Parliament Elections Act 1997, Second Schedule, Rule 88(4) — inserted by European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Act 2019, section 6(h)(iii)
  26. ^ "Nominations close for Europe elections". RTÉ News. 11 May 2009. Retrieved 12 May 2009.

External linksEdit