DuSable High School
Jean Baptiste Point DuSable High School is a public 4–year high school campus located in the Bronzeville neighborhood on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, United States. DuSable is owned by the Chicago Public Schools district. The school was named after Chicago's first permanent non-native settler, Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable. Constructed between 1931–34, DuSable opened in February 1935. Since 2005, The school campus serves as home to two smaller schools; the Bronzeville Scholastic Institute and the Daniel Hale Williams Preparatory School of Medicine. Both of the schools use the DuSable name in an athletics context. The DuSable Leadership Academy was housed at the location until it closed after the 2015–16 school year. The school building was designated a Chicago Landmark on May 1, 2013.
|DuSable High School|
4934 S. Wabash Avenue
|School type||Public Secondary|
|Motto||"Peace if possible, but justice at any rate."|
2005 (DuSable Leadership)
2005 (Williams Prep)
|Closed||2016 (DuSable Leadership)|
|School district||Chicago Public Schools|
|CEEB code||140981 (Bronzeville)|
141109 (Williams Prep)
|Principal||Stephanie K. Glover–Douglas (Bronzeville)|
Jullanar N. Naselli (Williams Prep)
228 (Williams Prep; 2017–18)
|Athletics conference||Chicago Public League|
|Accreditation||North Central Association of Colleges and Schools|
|Yearbook||Red and Black|
Work on the school began in February 1931, and was specifically constructed to accommodate the increasing population of Phillips High School. Construction was delayed for financial reasons, and was completed with a public works grant. The school opened on February 4, 1935, and was called New Wendell Phillips High School. New Phillips was a part of a five high school expansion that included Lane Tech High School, Steinmetz High School, Senn High School, and Wells High School. The building was designed by Paul Gerhardt, Sr., an architect for the Chicago Board of Education.
On April 25, 1936, the school's name was changed to honor Jean Baptiste Point DuSable, the first non-native to settle the area; however there was a delay in implementing the name, as the exact spelling was in dispute. During the 1940s on thru the 1960s, DuSable enrollment was more than 4,000 which prompted two graduation ceremonies (spring and summer). During this period, DuSable became notable for its music program: Captain Walter Dyett was the longtime music instructor at the school. By the late 1950s, DuSable was surrounded by the Robert Taylor Homes, a Chicago Housing Authority public housing project and approximately 80% of the student population were residents. The Robert Taylor Homes project was demolished in stages between 1998 and 2007.
With the demolition of the Robert Taylor Homes, student enrolment at DuSable had substantially declined. Because of this, in 2003, Chicago Public Schools decided to phase out DuSable: the history of poor academic performance was also a factor. In 2005, three schools were opened in the building as a part of the Renaissance 2010 program. The three new schools: Bronzeville Scholastic Institute, Daniel Hale Williams School of Medicine and DuSable Leadership Academy were created by DuSable staff members. The DuSable Leadership Academy which was a part of the Betty Shabazz International Charter School was phased out due to poor academic performance and closed after the 2015–16 school year.
Bronzeville Scholastic Institute High School (BSI) is a public 4–year high school located in the Bronzeville neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, Illinois, United States. The school is named after the community in which it is located, Bronzeville. In 1930, the editor of the Chicago Bee used the name in a campaign to elect the "mayor of Bronzeville". After a physician was elected in 1945, the community began to use the name Bronzeville. It reflected both the dominant skin color of the members of the community, and an attempt to raise the community's and outsiders' favor toward the area, as the word "bronze" had a more positive connotation than "black." Bronzeville Scholastic Institute was opened in 2005 as a Performance School in the Chicago Public Schools' Renaissance 2010, which was an effort to create more quality schools across the city of Chicago.
Daniel Hale Williams Preparatory School of Medicine High School (DHW) is a public 4–year career academy high school and academic center The academic center serves 9th through 12th grade students. The school opened in September 2005 as a part of the Chicago Public Schools' Renaissance 2010 program. The school is named for Daniel Hale Williams, an African-American doctor who performed the first successful open heart surgery. Helping minority students get into medical school and become future members of the medical field is central to DHW's mission and vision. The school celebrated its first graduating class in 2011.
Chicago Public Schools and the Chicago Board of Education opened a birth control clinic in the school in June 1985, in efforts to lower the school's high teen-age pregnancy and drop-out rates. The opening of the clinic caused worldwide controversy. The school once held an inner sanctuary that had many different animals, including peacocks, a goat, snakes, pigeons, chickens, and various other species. In 1995, with funding from NASA, DuSable became the first public high school in Chicago to be connected to the Internet. DuSable principal Charles Mingo created the "Second-Chance Program", a program that served as an alternative school for recent high school drop-outs and adults looking to earn a high school diploma in 1994.
Crime and gang violenceEdit
In November 1949, 16–year old LaVon Cain was shot to death at the school after a group of females began firing shots at another group of female students. 19–year-old Edwina Howard and two other teenage girls were charged in the shooting. The shooting was noted as one of the first fatal shootings in a Chicago public school. In October 1959, two female students were sexually assaulted by a male mail carrier in the school. In September 1968, twelve students were arrested in a gang retaliation shooting at the school. By 1976, the school had developed a reputation for concurring problems with gang violence. In January 1986, a 15–year-old male student was stabbed by another student. On October 13, 1987, 15–year-old freshmen Dartagnan Young was shot to death in a gang–related shooting in the hallway on the school's third floor shortly after 8 a.m. by 16–year-old sophomore Larry Sims. Witnesses said Young was shot after arguing with Sims over street–gang activity from the previous day. The murder prompted some students to transfer from DuSable that day and days following.
DuSable competes in the Chicago Public League (CPL) and is a member of the Illinois High School Association (IHSA). DuSable sport teams are nicknamed Panthers. The boys' basketball team were Public League champions two times (1952–53, 1953–54) and regional champions twice (2011–12, 2012–13), Sectionals champion in 2012. The girls' track and field team were Class AA in 1977–78. The boys' track and field were public league champions in 1937–38 and placed 3rd during the 1941–42 season.
- Red Holloway (1945) - jazz musician.
Radio, TV, and filmEdit
- Captain Walter Dyett — noted violinist and music instructor at the school from its opening in 1935 until 1962.
- Charles Mingo — educator and former principal of DuSable from 1988 until 2002, his work at the school earned him a Milken National Educator Award in 1993.
- Margaret Taylor-Burroughs — writer and artist who taught at the school for 23 years. She is best known for co-founding the DuSable Museum of African American History.
- "High School Code Search". College Board. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
- Chicago Public Schools: Bronzeville
- Chicago Public Schools: Williams Prep
- "Chicago (DuSable)". Illinois High School Association (IHSA). December 31, 2009. Retrieved January 3, 2010.
- DuSable High School 1963 Yearbook, Chicago, IL
- DuSable High School. mapreps.com
- "CPS Announces Possible Exceptions to School Closing Moratorium," by Lauren Fitzpatrick, Education Reporter, October 1, 2013]
- Mayor Emanuel Honors DuSable High School as a Community Cornerstone, Presents Landmark Plaque to School Alumni and Ald. Pat Dowell (3rd) Archived October 14, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "New Phillips High School To Open Tomorrow: Classes Also to Continue in Old Building". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 3, 1935. pp. S5.
- "NEW $6,000,000 Lane Technical To Open Sept. 17 :School Finest of Kind; Capacity 7,000 Students". Chicago Daily Tribune. August 26, 1934. p. 10.
- Landmark Designation Report: DuSable High School, 2012
- Provines, Julie (April 23, 1936). "Front Views and Profiles". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 15.
One hundred and fifty-seven years ago, Jean Baptiste Point de Saible ... settled in Chicago ... and last week his memory was honored with the changing of the name of the new Wendell Phillips High School ... The full name of the school is to be used but ... the principal of the school has cautioned the teachers not to write the name until they have been given official confirmation of the spelling ...
- Separate But Equal The Financing Of Public Education In Illinois Works Like This: Dusable Spends $6,000 Per Student, New Trier Spends $12,000 February 12, 1995
- Three schools to open at DuSable next year - Chicago Tribune: (September 28, 2004)
- School Location - Bronzeville
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 13, 2005. Retrieved May 18, 2005.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Data - Williams Prep HS Archived July 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Birth Control At Du Sable ApprovedBoard Still Backs Clinic At SchoolChicago Tribune (October 10, 1985)
- Teen Clinic Wins On Birth ControlChicago Tribune (September 26, 1985)
- Controversy Surrounds High School Birth Control Clinic
- The battle over birth control - Contraceptives in schools. DuSable clinic at heart of controversy.By Hattie Clark, Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor / November 18, 1986
- D. G. York; M.-M. Mac Low; B. Brown; L. M. Franco; L. M. Rebull; C. Graziani; J. Lauroesch. "DuSable High School Internet Project and its influence in connecting Chicago Public Schools to the Internet". Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society. 192: 27.05.
- Dropping Back In: Dusable High School Gives Hopefuls Another Shot At Their Diplomas: Chicago Tribune (October 4, 1994)
- Casetext – The People v. Rivers (1951)
- Slain Girl's Parents Sue School Board (Jet Magazine: November 29, 1951)
- Chicago Tribune – DuSable High Invader Tells Of Raping Two – October 22, 1959
- Living In A War Zone Called Taylor Homes: Residents Trapped In Battles Over Drug Turf, Chicago Tribune, March 10, 1993
- Student Charged In School Stabbing - Chicago Tribune (January 30, 1986)
- $3 Million Bond Set In Student`s Slaying - Chicago Tribune (October 16, 1987)
- "Student Killed at Chicago High School". AP News Archive. October 14, 1987. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
- "Witnesses Describe Du Sable Killing". Chicago Tribune. September 27, 1989. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
- 1 Broadcast Newswriting: The RTDNA Reference Guide, A Manual for Professionals By Mervin Block
- IHSA: Chicago (DuSable)
- Lewis, George E. (2008). A Power Stronger Than Itself: The AACM and American Experimental Music. University of Chicago Press. p. 11.
- "Gene Ammons: The Jug". biographic sketch. National Public Radio. February 20, 2008. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
Some of Ammons' stylistic versatility can undoubtedly be traced to his Chicago home ... He also learned from the renowned "Captain" Walter Dyett, the musical director of Chicago's DuSable High School. Dyett was instrumental in launching the careers of many other DuSable alumni, including the legendary crooner and pianist Nat "King" Cole and fellow saxophonist Johnny Griffin.
- Wang, Richard (May 27, 2008). "Captain Walter Dyett". Chicago Jazz. Chicago, IL, USA: Chicago Jazz Entertainment. Archived from the original on January 24, 2011. Retrieved January 3, 2010.
The list of famous Jazz musicians who passed through his program is legion: saxophonists Gene "Jug" Ammons, Johnny Board, Von Freeman, Joseph Jarman, John Gilmore, and Clifford Jordan; trumpeters Sonny Cohn and Paul Serrano; trombonist Julian Priester; bassists Wilbur Ware, Richard Davis, and Fred Hopkins; pianists Dorothy Donegan and John Young; drummers Wilbur Campbell, Walter Perkins, and Jerome Cooper; violinist Leroy Jenkins; singers Dinah Washington and Johnny Hartman
- "Ronnie Boykins". biographic sketch. Chicago Public Schools. Retrieved January 3, 2010.
- Campbell, Robert L. (March 26, 1995). "From Sonny Blount to Sun Ra: The Birmingham and Chicago Years". revision of a talk given by the author. University of Alabama-Birmingham. Retrieved January 3, 2010.
John Gilmore (born 1931 in Summit, Mississippi, but raised in Chicago) had attended DuSable High School with its fabled band program ... He and Spaulding added their flutes to the Arkestral armamentarium. And then there was bassist extraordinaire Ronnie Boykins (1932-1980, another graduate of DuSable High School).
- "Redd Foxx". biographical sketch. Chicago Public Schools. Archived from the original on December 24, 2010. Retrieved January 3, 2010.
- Campbell, Gregory Alan; University of Washington (2006). "A beautiful, shining sound object": Contextualizing multi-instrumentalism in the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians. University of Washington. p. 299. ISBN 978-0-542-76897-2.
- "Ella Jenkins". biographic sketch. Chicago Public Schools. Retrieved January 3, 2010.
- The HistoryMakers: Timuel Black
- Chicago Public Library: Timuel Black
- 'Judge William Cousins dies;Harvard grad was prosecutor and independent alderman,' Chicago Sun-Times, January 22, 2018
- "Harold Washington: Mayor of Chicago, Congressman". biographic sketch. Office of the Clerk of Cook County. Retrieved January 3, 2010.
- Coleman, Geoffrey (April 1994). "Harold Washington: Chicago politician". Illinois History. Springfield, IL, USA: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency. 47 (3): 72. ISSN 0019-2058. Retrieved January 3, 2010.
Harold attended the local public schools and Milwaukee's St. Benedict the Moor Catholic School. Unfortunately for him, he disliked it so intensely that he ran away three times. Harold then attended DuSable High School, but dropped out, claiming that he was no longer challenged by the classwork.
- H. Con. Res. 14: (Introduced in House) (January 27, 2003). Expressing the sense of the Congress that a commemorative postage stamp should be issued in honor of Harold Washington, the 42d mayor of Chicago. 108th Congress, 1st Session. Washington, DC, USA: United States House of Representatives.
Whereas Mayor Harold Washington was an exemplary public servant and dynamic leader who dedicated his life to his beloved Chicago and to equal opportunity for all of Chicago's citizens; Whereas Washington was a graduate of DuSable High School, Roosevelt University, and the Northwestern University School of Law;
- Bell, Taylor (January 29, 1993). "Lewis' Goal: Revive Du Sable Basketball". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
Lewis is determined to rekindle one of Chicago's proudest traditions. He recalls Du Sable's glory years . . . the famed 1954 team of Sweet Charlie Brown and Paxton Lumpkin that finished second in the state tournament, Maurice Cheeks, Kevin Porter, Larry Cross, Mitchell Moseley, William Dice, Stephon Butler.
- Berkow, Ira (February 9, 1991). "Sports of the Times; The Death Of a Prep Legend". New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
But such future National Basketball Association players as Kevin Porter and Maurice Cheeks, who played many years later at Paxton Lumpkin's high school, DuSable, on the South Side of Chicago, would remember his name, and his legend.
- "Ernie McMillan". Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- "Red Pryor". Peach Basket Society. July 20, 2016. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- "Jason Williams". Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- "Chuck Winfrey". Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- "Don Cornelius". Chicago Public Schools. Retrieved January 3, 2010.
- Vincent T. Cullers, Founder Of First Black-Owned Ad Agency Dies: Jet Magazine (October 27, 2003)
- "John H. Johnson". biographical sketch. Chicago Public Schools. Retrieved January 3, 2010.
- Saluting Capt. Walter Dyett, who made stars at DuSable: Chicago Tribune (August 21, 2013)
- Former principal of DuSable High Charles Mingo dies Chicago Sun-Times (February 7, 2012)
- "Talking it Over: Hillary Rodham Clinton," May 27, 1998
- A school's revolution in reading High school basics
- Charles E. Mingo Obituary
- "Margaret Taylor-Burroughs". biographic sketch. Chicago Public Schools. Retrieved January 3, 2010.
- Illinois House Resolution 0802 (PDF). Springfield, IL, USA: Illinois House of Representatives (95th General Assembly). November 2, 2007.
(lines 18–19) ... she then went to teach at DuSable High School for 23 years ...