Drygalski Island

Drygalski Island is an ice-capped island that is 20.4 kilometres (11 nmi) long and rises to 325 m (1,066 ft) in the Davis Sea of the Southern Ocean, about 85 km (53 mi) north of the coast of Queen Mary Land and 45 km (28 mi) north-northeast of Cape Filchner. The island has an area of 220 km2 (85 sq mi).[citation needed]

Drygalski Island
Drygalski Island is located in Antarctica
Drygalski Island
Drygalski Island
Coordinates65°45′S 92°30′E / 65.750°S 92.500°E / -65.750; 92.500Coordinates: 65°45′S 92°30′E / 65.750°S 92.500°E / -65.750; 92.500
Area220 km2 (85 sq mi)
Length20.4 km (12.68 mi)
Highest elevation325 m (1066 ft)
Administered under the Antarctic Treaty System

Drygalski Island was first viewed from the continental Antarctic coast in November 1912 by members of the Western Base Party of the Australian Antarctic Expedition (1911-1914), and observed more closely from Sir Douglas Mawson's ship Aurora on the homeward journey in January 1914. Because Drygalski Island was thought to be "Drygalski's High Land", charted by Professor Erich von Drygalski of the German Antarctic Expedition (1901-1903) in 1902, Drygalski's name was given by Sir Douglas Mawson to the island.

A temporary field station named Mir was opened from May 20 to August 6 in 1960 on the island by the Soviet Union to study meteorological conditions.[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "SCLENTIFIC STATIONS IN ANTARCTICA 1882-1963" (PDF). New Delhi: Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre. 1971. Retrieved May 18, 2021.

  This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document: "Drygalski Island". (content from the Geographic Names Information System)