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Drumlohan Souterrain and Ogham Stones

Drumlohan souterrain and ogham stones, known locally as the Ogham Cave, is a souterrain with ogham stones forming a National Monument located in County Waterford, Ireland.[1][2][3]

Drumlohan souterrain and ogham stones
Native name
Irish: Uaimh agus Clochanna Oghaim Dhrom Lócháin
The Ogham Cave
Drumlohan Souterrain and Ogham Stones is located in Ireland
Drumlohan Souterrain and Ogham Stones
Location of Drumlohan souterrain and ogham stones in Ireland
TypeSouterrain and ogham stones
LocationDrumlohan, Stradbally,
County Waterford, Ireland
Coordinates52°09′48″N 7°27′55″W / 52.163319°N 7.465368°W / 52.163319; -7.465368Coordinates: 52°09′48″N 7°27′55″W / 52.163319°N 7.465368°W / 52.163319; -7.465368
Elevation84 m (276 ft)
BuiltAD 400–700 (ogham stones)
AD 800–900 (souterrain)
Ownerprivate
Official name: Drumlohan Souterrain and Ogham Stones
Reference no.154

LocationEdit

Drumlohan souterrain and ogham stones are located in farmland 4 km (2½ mi) east of Lemybrien.[4]

HistoryEdit

The ogham stones were carved between 400 and 700 AD.[5]

The souterrain is believed to have been constructed around the 9th century AD and is aligned WSW, facing the setting sun. Souterrains were storage sites and places of refuge.[6][7]

In July/August 1867 a local farmer rediscovered the souterrain and ogham stones. In 1936 part of the souterrain was dismantled and some of the ogham stones re-erected above ground.[8]

DescriptionEdit

SouterrainEdit

This souterrain gallery is about 4.9 m (16 ft) long and 1.3 m (4 ft) wide, with a roof height of up to 1.2 m (4 ft).[9] It is constructed of orthostats roofed with lintels, and ten ogham stones were used as lintels and sidestones (some of them being installed upside-down).[10] One of the roofstones bears cup marks.[11]

Ogham stonesEdit

The stones (CIIC 272–281) vary in size. All are greenschist, except for two of slate and one of conglomerate. The inscriptions are:

  • MANU MAGUNO GATI MOCOI MACORBO (of Manu the boy of Gáeth, of the tribe of Macorbo)[12] — perhaps the Dál Maic-Cuirp, one of the Déisi Muman
  • CALUNOVIC[A] MAQI MUCOI LIT[EN]Ị (of Culann, son of the tribe of Litenos)[13]
  • MAQI-INI ̣ ̣ ? ̣ ̣ MAQI(?) QE(?)]TTEAS (of Maqinni, son of Qetteas)
  • CUNALEGEA MAQI C[ ... ]SALAR CELI AVI QVECI (of Conlaoi son of C ... salar, follower of the grandson of Cuach)
  • BIGU MAQI LAG ... (of Bigu, son of Lag ... )
  • BIR MAQI MUCOI ROTTAIS (of Bir, son of the tribe of Rottis) — referring to the Rothrige, a subject tribe of the Déisí
  • [ ... ] MAQI NE[TACUN]AS ( ... son of Netacunas). The name Netacunas means "Hound's champion."
  • DENAVEC[A MU]COI MEDALO (of Denaveca of the tribe of Medalo) — maybe the Dál Mo Dala
  • BRO[INION]AS (of Broinionas)
  • DEAGOS MAQI MUCO[I ... NAI (of Deagos, son of the tribe of I ... nai)[14][15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy". Royal Irish Academy. 1 January 1874 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Ferguson, Sir Samuel (1 January 1887). "Ogham Inscriptions in Ireland, Wales, and Scotland". D. Douglas – via Google Books.
  3. ^ Clinton, Mark (1 January 2001). "The Souterrains of Ireland". Wordwell – via Google Books.
  4. ^ Hannon, Ed (2016-10-03). "Drumlohan Ogham Stones & Souterrain, Waterford, Ireland | Visions Of The Past". Visionsofthepastblog.com. Retrieved 2017-05-23.
  5. ^ "Drumlohan Ogham Stones/Megalithic Monuments Of Ireland.Com". Megalithicmonumentsofireland.com. Retrieved 2017-05-23.
  6. ^ "Drumlohan". Prehistoric Waterford. 2017-03-23. Retrieved 2017-05-23.
  7. ^ "Prehistoric and Early Ireland @ megalithomania.com - Drumlohan Ogham Stone, County Waterford". Megalithomania.com. Retrieved 2017-05-23.
  8. ^ "Drumlohan Ogham Stones". Megalithicireland.com. Retrieved 2017-05-23.
  9. ^ "Drumlohan". Irishstones.org. 2016-06-08. Retrieved 2017-05-23.
  10. ^ "Drumlohan". Irishantiquities.bravehost.com. Retrieved 2017-05-23.
  11. ^ "Old Waterford Society : Decies" (PDF). Snap.waterfordcoco.ie. 1987. Retrieved 2017-05-23.
  12. ^ Power, Patrick C. (1 January 1990). "History of Waterford: City and County". Mercier Press – via Google Books.
  13. ^ Thomas, Charles (1 January 1994). "And Shall These Mute Stones Speak?: Post-Roman Inscriptions in Western Britain". University of Wales Press – via Google Books.
  14. ^ Halpin, Andy; Newman, Conor (26 October 2006). "Ireland: An Oxford Archaeological Guide to Sites from Earliest Times to AD 1600". OUP Oxford – via Google Books.
  15. ^ "Ogham in 3D - Drumlohan / 272. Drumlohan I". Ogham.celt.dias.ie. 2017-05-12. Retrieved 2017-05-23.

External linksEdit