Dripsey (Irish: Druipseach, meaning "Muddy river") is a village in County Cork on the R618 regional road around 20 km west of Cork City. It is situated on a tributary of the River Lee, the Dripsey River. It is in the Catholic parish of Inniscarra. The Dripsey area hosts a Cork County Council water treatment plant, the Cork offices of the Environmental Protection Agency, and an award-winning garden center. The village has two pubs (The Lee Valley Inn and The Weigh Inn), and one shop - which also doubles as the post office. Dripsey has one primary school and one pre-school.
Pub in Dripsey
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Name and formationEdit
Dripsey's name is derived from the Irish name Druipseach, which means muddy river. The village is made up of the Lower Dripsey, Dripsey Cross and Model Village areas. 'Model Village' is the most populous part and the town, and is listed under this name in censuses up to 1966. Dripsey became built-up in the Model Village largely due to the woollen mills beside the Dripsey river, which eventually closed down in the early 1980s.
The village of Dripsey traces its foundation to the MacCarthy of Muskerry, who - in the 15th century - constructed a nearby tower house to protect their estate lands. The village saw later development when a paper mill was expanded during the 18th and 19th centuries, and a woollen mill was established during the 20th century.
Estate and tower housesEdit
Carrignamuck Tower House is a five-storey tower house located on the back road to Coachford. It was built in the 15th century as an outpost of Blarney Castle by the MacCarthy Clan of Munster. In 1650, Cromwellian forces under Lord Broghill attacked and captured the tower house. During the bombardment, the eastern wall was damaged. The tower and estate were purchased by the Colthurst family, who built a new house on the grounds.
The new house, known as Dripsey Castle or Dripsey House, is a country house located less than 100m from the older tower house. It was built in the 18th century by the Colthurst family as the seat of their estate. It was owned by the O'Shaughnessy family for much of the 20th century, and sold in 2015 to a 'UK-based buyer with Cork connections'.
Dripsey Paper MillsEdit
Dripsey Paper Mills was founded in 1784 by Batt Sullivan. The mill became known for its quality paper, and contracted to produce Treasury Bills and Bank Notes for the Bank of England. In 1812, the mill covered six acres and employed 400 people locally. Many of these mill workers lived in a small village which grew up around the mill. Called 'Blackpool', this settlement consisted of sixty or so small cabins. In 1837, the mill was reported by Samuel Lewis to be:
- "situated in a deep and well-wooded glen; the buildings are of handsome appearance, and the works afford employment to a number of persons, varying from 70 to 100, in the manufacture of large quantities of paper for the English market."
Passing through a number of owners, the paper mills closed in 1864.
Dripsey Woollen MillsEdit
Dripsey Woolen Mills was founded in 1903, when businessman Andrew O'Shaughnessy purchased a pre-existing flour mill on the banks of the Dripsey River. It provided significant employment in the area, with woollen goods such as cellular blankets, bed-spreads and tweeds being exported to the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Canada and the United States. As with the paper mill, a workers' settlement grew close to the mill, with approximately 70 houses becoming known as the 'Model Village'.
O'Shaughnessy later purchased a number of other mills (including Sallybrook Woollen Mills in Glanmire and Kilkenny Woollen Mills), establishing one of the leading woollen manufacturing businesses in the country.
On 28 January 1921, in an area known as Godfrey's Cross, approximately half-way between the villages of Coachford and Dripsey, an Irish Republican Army (IRA) ambush party lay in wait for a convoy of British troops that regularly used the road when travelling between Ballincollig Barracks and Macroom. News of the planned ambush became common knowledge in the area, and one resident - a Mrs Mary Lindsay - travelled to the barracks at Ballincollig and advised of what she knew. The commanding officer, Colonel Dowling, decided to launch an attack against the IRA. Between 3pm and 4pm, a column of British troops left the barracks, and dismounted from their lorries at Dripsey before dividing into groups to surround the ambush party. The IRA had scouts posted, and one raised the alarm. The IRA officer in charge of the ambush ordered a withdrawal, but firing broke out. Eight members of the IRA (five of whom were wounded) and two civilians were captured and brought to Ballincollig barracks. Two of the more seriously wounded IRA men were subsequently moved to the military hospital in Victoria Barracks. Others were later transferred to the military detention barracks in Cork city, where they awaited trial by military court.
On 8 February 1921, the trial of eight of the ten captured men opened in the military detention barracks. The defendants included IRA Volunteers Thomas O'Brien, Patrick O'Mahoney, Timothy McCarthy, John Lyons, Jeremiah O'Callaghan and Daniel O'Callaghan. As well as two civilians, Eugene Langtry and Denis Sheehan. When the trial opened, the accused pleaded not guilty to the charges. The proceedings lasted two days. Volunteer Jeremiah O'Callaghan together with civilians Eugene Langtry and Denis Sheehan (both of whom had no connection with the IRA) were found not guilty and released. The remaining defendants were found guilty and sentenced to death. Of the two men still detained in the military hospital, Captain James Barrett died while still a prisoner on 22 March 1922. Volunteer Denis Murphy stood trial in Victoria Barracks on 9 March. He was found guilty and sentenced to death, but this sentence was later commuted to one of 25 years' imprisonment.
Mrs. Lindsay, the woman who alerted the military to the ambush, and a member of her household, James Clarke, were subsequently taken hostage by the IRA in an unsuccessful effort to obtain reprieves for the convicted Volunteers. In mid-March, upon the executions of the Volunteers, Lindsay and Clarke were killed by their captors.
Dripsey formed its own GAA club in 2004. This club, Dripsey GAA, won the County Junior B Championship in 2005. In 2009, Dripsey won the Junior B County final after beating Diarmuid O Mathunas in the final. Also in 2009, the club won the Junior All-Ireland final after beating Tullogher Rosbercon (of Kilkenny) in the final.
The village of Dripsey is recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records at having the shortest St. Patricks Day Parade in the World - measuring just 23.4 metres. This "shortest" St. Patrick's Day parade, went from one door to the next of the village's two pubs, The Weigh Inn and The Lee Valley. It continued for nine years (1999-2007) until the closure of The Lee Valley Inn.
- "Vol.1 Table 8 Page 31" (PDF). 1966 Census. CSO. 1967. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- "Vol.1 Table 8 Page 24" (PDF). 1971 Census. CSO. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- "Dripsey Castle House to become €2m family home". irishexaminer.com. Irish Examiner. 20 January 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
- "Castles of Ireland - Carrignamuck Castle". Britain - Ireland - Castles . com. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
- "Cork castle sells for €2m". independent.ie. Independent News & Media. 28 January 2015.
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- Samuel Lewis (1837). A topographical dictionary of Ireland. London: S. Lewis. p. 348.
- "Dripsey Woollen Mill". Dripsey.com. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
- "The Mills of Dripsey (from an article by Tim Sheehan)". dripsey.com. Richard Murphy. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
- "Dripsey Bridge, County Cork". buildingsofireland.ie. National Inventory of Architectural Heritage. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
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- Hart, Peter (1999). The I.R.A. and Its Enemies: Violence and Community in Cork, 1916-1923. Oxford University Press. pp. 248, 300. ISBN 9780198208068.
- Sheehan, William (2017). A Hard Local War: The British Army and the Guerrilla War in Cork 1919-1921. History Press. ISBN 9780750987486.
- "Ambush at Dripsey - 28 January 1921". Dripsey Ambush. Inniscarra.org. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
- "Answering Dripsey's call". independent.ie. Independent News & Media. 15 February 2009.
- "Club championships All-Ireland intermediate and junior finals". irishtimes.com. Irish Times. 16 February 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
- Mike Cronin, Daryl Adair. The Wearing of the Green: A History of St. Patrick's Day. p. 247. ISBN 0-415-18004-X.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
- "Shortest parade fails to start". irishtimes.com. Irish Times. 18 March 2008. Retrieved 27 November 2018.