Driffield, also known as Great Driffield, is a market town and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The civil parish is formed by the town of Driffield and the village of Little Driffield. By road, it is 70 miles (110 km) north-east of Sheffield, 29 miles (47 km) east of York, 23 miles (37 km) north of Hull, 72 miles (116 km) south-east of Middlesbrough, and 218 miles (351 km) north of London.
Market Place, Driffield
Arms of Driffield Town Council
|Population||13,080 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||175 mi (282 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
A Bronze Age mound outside Driffield was excavated in the 19th century, the contents of which are now kept in the British Museum. It includes a knife, a dagger, a beaker and a greenstone wrist-guard all dating to between 2200 and 1500 BC.
RAF Driffield was targeted by the Luftwaffe during the Second World War. On 15 August 1940, a raid by Junkers 88s resulted in 14 deaths and many injuries. RAF Driffield was the site of the first death in the WAAF during the Second World War.
Driffield lies in the Yorkshire Wolds, on the Driffield Navigation (canal), and near the source of the River Hull. Driffield lies on the A614, A166 and B1249, and on the Yorkshire Coast rail line from Scarborough to Hull. It is situated next to Little Driffield, where King Aldfrith of Northumbria was reputedly buried, and is also very close to Nafferton, Hutton Cranswick and Wansford. Driffield is named the Capital of the Wolds, mainly through virtue of its favourable location between Bridlington, Beverley and York.
Driffield is of Anglo-Saxon origin.
Driffield contains a small community hospital, small fire station, police and ambulance stations, several churches - the largest being All Saints' Parish Church, whose bells were restored for the millennium - and a fairly small high street. There is also an area of parkland close to the parish church alongside the stream (Driffield Beck) that runs roughly parallel to the high street. Some stretches of Driffield Beck are popular for fishing, particularly for brown trout and grayling.
Driffield is a major part of the Driffield and Rural electoral ward. This ward stretches north west to Sledmere with a total population taken at the 2011 Census of 15,199. The local Member of Parliament is Greg Knight.
Public houses include the Original Keys (formerly the Ferret and Sprout, previously the Cross Keys), the Buck, the Full Measure, the Royal Oak, the Blue Bell, the Star Inn, the Spread Eagle, the Mariner's Arms, the Tiger, the Middle Bar, and micro-pub The Butcher's Dog. Old standbys to the town's catering services include the Water Margin, El Dorado's, Trishna's, The Scullery, Marco Polo and Muskan Spice.
The town's main hotel is the Bell Hotel, an old coaching inn in the centre of the town, which has a substantial selection of whiskies. Its facilities include the former town hall, which was bought by the hotel's owner and is now a function suite and gym/leisure centre. Recent additions to the town's night-time scene include Georgie's and Hotel Forty One. More recently, the former Norseman pub and Mavericks night club have been converted into a single premises which is being operated by J D Wetherspoon.
The town is home to Driffield Show, the UK's largest one-day annual agricultural show, as well as the Driffield Steam and Vintage Rally - an event held each August showcasing historical vehicles including traction engines, fairground organs, tractors and vintage cars and trucks. A particular focus is placed upon agricultural history, with demonstrations of ploughing and threshing often taking place. The rally is particularly known for the Saturday evening road-run of the steam engines and other vehicles into Driffield town centre, an event which invariably attracts large crowds of spectators.
There are two infant schools (Driffield Northfield Infant School and Driffield Church Of England Voluntary Controlled Infant School), and one larger junior school (Driffield Junior School), which caters for children aged 7–11. Driffield School & Sixth Form is a large secondary school that also contains a sixth form, and so offers education up to A level standard. The town also includes Kings Mill Special School. The nearest independent school is Pocklington School.
The climate in Driffield is warm and temperate. The rainfall in Driffield is significant, with precipitation even during the driest month. This climate is considered to be Cfb according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. In Driffield, the average annual temperature is 9.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 719 mm.
|Climate data for Climate data for Driffield|
|Record high °C (°F)||7.8
|Average high °C (°F)||—||5.8
|Average low °C (°F)||0.6
|Record low °C (°F)||−5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||65.7
|Average precipitation days||13.0||10.7||11.0||10.0||9.6||10.5||9.9||10.6||9.4||12.0||13.3||12.4||132.3|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||52.3||76.6||110.0||149.5||198.8||179.1||191.9||178.4||139.4||104.8||64.4||46.6||1,491.7|
|Source: Met Office|
There are nine churches in Driffield, which work together as 'Churches Together in Driffield' with the exception of the Congregational Church and Bourne Methodist Church.
The Anglican church dedicated to All Saints was designated a Grade I listed building in 1963 and is now recorded in the National Heritage List for England, maintained by Historic England. St Mary's church is within the same benefice as All Saints but actually sits in neighbouring Little Driffield. (There was once a second Anglican Church in Driffield itself, dedicated to Saint John and located on St Johns Road, but it has been demolished.)
There is a small Roman Catholic Church dedicated to Our Lady and Saint Edward that was built in 1886. The Methodist Church stands on Middle Street North and was built in 1880. Bourne Methodists is a Primitive Methodists, sited on Westgate. The Salvation Army have a building on The Mount.
Driffield Christian Fellowship is an Elim Pentecostal church who have a building on Wansford Road. Their church service is held in the Performing Arts Hall at Driffield School. The Congregational Church is situated on Exchange Street. The Revive Church meets in the Community Centre on Mill Street.
The age-old tradition of Scrambling is unique to the town of Driffield and has its origins in the 18th century. The event takes place a couple of days into the New Year. Children walk through the main street shouting an ancient rhyme to shopkeepers in return for money and goodies. The cry is "Here we are at our town end...A Bottle of rum and a crown to spend...Are we downhearted?..No!...Shall we win?...Yes!..."
It is also tradition for the townspeople of Driffield to congregate in the market place on New Year's Eve and listen for the church bells ringing in the new year.
Driffield was formerly home to Driffield Mariners Football Club, who have won three Hull Sunday League titles in recent years. Now to this present day, there are two main men's team who both play at the second highest league in the East Riding. Driffield Junior Football Club and Driffield Evening Institute who both play in the Humber Premier League Division One. Driffield also has its own football league, Driffield and District League and was founded in 1919 and currently only has 1 division which consists of 9 teams from within Driffield and district.
The town has a cricket club, the first team of which play in the ECB Yorkshire Premier League North. First class cricketers Andrew Gale, Richard Pyrah, Steven Patterson, Jonny Bairstow, Ishara Amerasinghe and Abid Ali have all played for the club.
Driffield RUFC is a member of the RFU and Yorkshire RFU, playing its senior fixtures in the North 1 East league. The club field four senior teams, a colts team and mini/juniors (at every age group from under 7's to under 17's).
Driffield Hockey Club play their home matches at Driffield Sports Centre and currently field three men's teams and four ladies' teams, as well as juniors and vets sections. For a catchment area the size of Driffield, the club is relatively successful, with both the men's and ladies first XIs being promoted from their respective YHA Yorkshire Premier Divisions at the end of the 2013–14 season (6th tier of English Hockey) to the North League Division 2 East and North League Division 2 South East respectively (5th tier of English Hockey).
Driffield has an 18-hole golf club that has been at its present location since 1934.
Driffield has a sports centre located on Bridlington Road, which opened in 2009 replacing the old sports centre (now owned by Driffield School). The new sports centre includes a main pool and learner pool, sports hall, a 50-piece gym, and a studio/multi-use room.
A new local newspaper, the Driffield & Wolds Weekly, launched in August 2015. Great Driffield Radio, on 107.2 FM, and based at Driffield Business Centre, broadcasts across the town and surrounding villages. It was launched in 2018..
- Benjamin Fawcett, 19th century woodblock colour printer
- Alexander Francis Lydon, woodblock colour printer who worked with Benjamin Fawcett
- Curtis Woodhouse, former professional footballer and boxer, and now the current manager of Tadcaster Albion
- Mick Woodmansey, drummer with David Bowie's band the Spiders
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- "Salvation Army Tea party for church funds in Driffield, East Yorkshire". Pocklington Post. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- "Finding Us - Driffield Christian Fellowship". sites.google.com. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- "Driffield - North East - Find a Church - Congregational Federation". www.congregational.org.uk. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- "Driffield's scrambling tradition draws the crowds". BBC News. Retrieved 10 August 2017.
- "Driffield RUFC". Driffield Rugby Union Football Club. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- Driffield Hockey Club, Retrieved 21 February 2014
- "Yorkshire Hockey Association". Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "DRIFFIELD GOLF CLUB". Driffield Golf Club. Retrieved 11 August 2017.
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- "Ofcom – Community Radio Stations". static.ofcom.org.uk. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "Garden celebrates Victorian printer". BBC News. 12 April 2003. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
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- "Music interview – Woody Woodmansey: 'Ziggy Stardust took a hold so strong'". The Yorkshire Post. 17 August 2018. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
- Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 5.