Scott Tyler (born 1965), known professionally as Dread Scott, is an American artist whose works, often participatory in nature, focus on the experience of African Americans in the contemporary United States. His first major work, "What Is the Proper Way to Display a U.S. Flag" (1989), was at the center of controversy regarding the desecration of the American flag.
|Education||School of the Art Institute of Chicago|
|Notable work||Performance, Photography, Installation, Screen-printing and Video|
Early life and Art Institute of ChicagoEdit
Scott was raised in Hyde Park, Chicago, the only son of his father, a photographer, and mother, who was "largely a housewife" but became a travel agent when Scott's father fell ill. For twelve years, he attended the upper-class Latin School, where other students often directed racial slurs towards him. Scott attended the Art Institute of Chicago, and later moved to New York City to begin his artistic career. His adopted name, Dread, had multiple meanings: it evoked Dred Scott, a black slave who unsuccessfully sued for his freedom during the 1850s, was an allusion to the dreadlocks of Rastafarians, and reflected a desire to cause "dread" among others.
In 1989, while attending the Art Institute, he exhibited "What Is the Proper Way to Display a U.S. Flag", a participatory work which invited viewers to write comments on a mounted ledger. The work consisted of a collage, which featured flag-covered coffins and South Korean students burning the American flag, and an American flag placed on the ground beneath the aforementioned ledger; viewers were seemingly directed to step on the flag to leave messages, though it was possible to avoid touching the flag by approaching the ledger from the side. The exhibit was intensely controversial; several major politicians, including George H. W. Bush, condemned the exhibit, and it prompted attempts to make flag desecration illegal in the United States.
In response to the deaths of Alton Sterling and Philando Castile, Scott created a flag inspired by one flown by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), reading "A MAN WAS LYNCHED BY POLICE YESTERDAY"; Scott's flag was flown at the Jack Shainman Gallery in Manhattan.
Dread Scott has launched a Kickstarter campaign to raise $40,000 by December 8, 2017 to support his latest project re-enacting the 1811 German Coast Uprising in New Orleans, Louisiana. The revolt is the largest slave rebellion in Northern American History and took place in New Orleans, Louisiana. The project is in partnership with the organization Antenna, which promotes visual and literary arts relevant to communities New Orleans.
- Dubin, Steven C. (October 18, 2013). Arresting Images: Impolitic Art and Uncivil Actions. Routledge. p. 104. ISBN 978-1-135-21460-9.
- Violaine Roussel; Bleuwenn Lechaux (2 February 2010). Voicing Dissent: American Artists and the War on Iraq. Routledge. p. 178. ISBN 978-1-135-19237-2.
- Louis P. Masur (1 August 2010). The Soiling of Old Glory: The Story of a Photograph That Shocked America. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 91. ISBN 978-1-59691-854-2.
- Robert Justin Goldstein (January 1996). Burning the Flag: The Great 1989-1990 American Flag Desecration Controversy. Kent State University Press. pp. 77–78. ISBN 978-0-87338-598-5.
- Rogers, Angelica (July 14, 2016). "Does This Flag Make You Flinch?". The New York Times.
- Brooks, Katherine (July 8, 2016). "Flag Reading 'A Man Was Lynched By Police Yesterday' Rises In New York". The Huffington Post.
- "Dread Scott Reenacts a Slave Revolt to Radically Reconsider Freedom". Hyperallergic. 2017-11-17. Retrieved 2017-12-09.
- "About Antenna". Antenna.Works. 2011-05-18. Retrieved 2017-12-09.
- "Whitney Museum of American Art: Dread Scott". collection.whitney.org. Retrieved 2018-05-01.