Drakenstein Local Municipality

Drakenstein Municipality is a local municipality located within the Cape Winelands District Municipality, in the Western Cape province of South Africa. As of 2011 it had a population of 251,262.[2] Its municipality code is WC023.

Drakenstein
The Drakenstein Local Municipality is located in the Cape Winelands district around the town of Paarl, to the east of Cape Town.
Location in the Western Cape
Coordinates: 33°30′S 19°00′E / 33.500°S 19.000°E / -33.500; 19.000Coordinates: 33°30′S 19°00′E / 33.500°S 19.000°E / -33.500; 19.000
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceWestern Cape
DistrictCape Winelands
SeatPaarl
Wards33
Government
 • TypeMunicipal council
 • MayorConrad Poole (DA)
 • LegislatureDrakenstein Municipal Council
Area
 • Total1,538 km2 (594 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total251,262
 • Density160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African22.7%
 • Coloured62.5%
 • Indian/Asian0.4%
 • White13.5%
First languages (2011)
 • Afrikaans75.0%
 • Xhosa16.7%
 • English5.1%
 • Other3.2%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Municipal codeWC023

GeographyEdit

The municipality covers a total area of 1,538 square kilometres (594 sq mi) in the valley of the Berg River to the west of the Boland mountain ranges. It stretches about 75 kilometres (47 mi) from Saron in the north to beyond Paarl in the south. It abuts on the Witzenberg Municipality and Breede Valley Municipality to the east, the Stellenbosch Municipality to the south, the City of Cape Town and the Swartland Municipality to the west, and the Bergrivier Municipality to the north.

According to the 2011 census the municipality has a population of 251,262 people in 59,774 households. Of this population, 62.5% describe themselves as "Coloured", 22.7% as "Black African", and 13.5% as "White". The first language of 75.0% of the population is Afrikaans, while 16.7% speak Xhosa and 5.1% speak English.[4]

The principal town and location of the municipal headquarters is Paarl, situated in the south of the municipality, which as of 2011 has a population of 112,045 people. Paarl is the southernmost part of a continuous built-up area along the Berg River which also includes Mbekweni (pop. 30,875) and Wellington (pop. 55,543). In the northern part of the municipality are the smaller towns of Gouda (pop. 3,441) and Saron (pop. 7,843).

HistoryEdit

At the end of the apartheid era, in the area that is today the Drakenstein Municipality, the towns of Paarl, Wellington, and Gouda were governed by municipal councils elected by their white residents. The coloured residents of Paarl and Wellington were governed by management committees subordinate to the white councils, while the former mission station of Saron was governed by a management board. Mbekweni was governed by a town council established under the Black Local Authorities Act, 1982. The northern area around Gouda and Saron, as well as an area around Du Toit's Kloof Pass, formed part of the Breërivier Regional Services Council (RSC); the rest formed part of the Western Cape RSC.

After the national elections of 1994 a process of local government transformation began, in which negotiations were held between the existing local authorities, political parties, and local community organisations. As a result of these negotiations, the existing local authorities were dissolved and transitional local councils (TLCs) were created for each town and village. In October 1994 the Gouda Municipality was merged with Tulbagh (in what is now Witzenberg Municipality) under the Tulbagh TLC. In January 1995 the Paarl Municipality, Paarl Management Committee and Mbekweni Town Council were replaced by the Paarl TLC; and the Wellington Municipality and Wellington Management Committee were replaced by the Wellington TLC. In February 1995 the Saron Management Board was replaced by the Saron TLC. In the same month, the Western Cape RSC was reconstituted as the Winelands RSC after the Cape Town metropolitan area was removed from the jurisdiction of the RSC.

The transitional councils were initially made up of members nominated by the various parties to the negotiations, until May 1996 when elections were held. At these elections the Breërivier and Winelands District Councils (DCs) were established, replacing the corresponding Regional Services Councils. Transitional representative councils (TRCs) were also elected to represent rural areas outside the TLCs on the DCs; the area that was to become Drakenstein Municipality included much of the Paarl TRC (belonging to Winelands DC) and parts of the Witzenberg and Matroosberg TRCs (belonging to Breërivier DC).

At the local elections of December 2000 the TLCs and TRCs were dissolved and the Drakenstein Municipality was established as a single local authority. At the same election the two District Councils were also dissolved and replaced by the Boland District Municipality.

PoliticsEdit

The municipal council consists of sixty-five members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Thirty-three councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in thirty-three wards, while the remaining thirty-two are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 3 August 2016 the Democratic Alliance (DA) obtained a majority of forty-three seats on the council.

The following table shows the results of the 2016 election.[5][6][7]

Party Votes Seats
Ward List Total % Ward List Total
Democratic Alliance 54,491 54,193 108,684 66.0 26 17 43
ANC 17,858 20,975 38,833 23.6 6 9 15
Economic Freedom Fighters 1,988 1,901 3,889 2.4 0 2 2
People's Democratic Movement 2,349 291 2,640 1.6 1 0 1
ACDP 1,180 1,085 2,265 1.4 0 1 1
Federation of Democrats 685 543 1,228 0.7 0 1 1
Independent Civic Organisation 638 578 1,216 0.7 0 1 1
Freedom Front Plus 593 551 1,144 0.7 0 1 1
Congress of the People 597 503 1,100 0.7 0 0 0
Alliance for Democratic Freedom 526 467 993 0.6 0 0 0
South African Progressive Civic Organisation 461 410 871 0.5 0 0 0
Community Party 269 197 466 0.3 0 0 0
Pan Africanist Congress 168 227 395 0.2 0 0 0
Khoisan Revolution 189 170 359 0.2 0 0 0
Patriotic Alliance 124 174 298 0.2 0 0 0
Peoples Alliance 31 64 95 0.1 0 0 0
South Africa People's Party 32 44 76 0.0 0 0 0
Civic Independent 11 48 59 0.0 0 0 0
Independent 0 0 0.0 0 0
Total 82,190 82,421 164,611 33 32 65
Valid votes 82,190 82,421 164,611 98.6
Spoilt votes 1,329 1,056 2,385 1.4
Total votes cast 83,519 83,477 166,996
Total voter turnout 83,666
Registered voters 129,265
Turnout percentage 64.7

The local council sends eight representatives to the council of the Cape Winelands District Municipality: five from the Democratic Alliance, two from the African National Congress, and one from the Economic Freedom Fighters.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Archived from the original on 14 July 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  2. ^ a b c "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  3. ^ "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  4. ^ "Drakenstein Local Municipality". Census 2011.
  5. ^ "Results Summary – All Ballots: Drakenstein" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  6. ^ "Seat Calculation Detail: Drakenstein" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Voter Turnout Report: Drakenstein" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  8. ^ "Political composition of councils February 2017" (PDF). Western Cape Department of Local Government. February 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017.

External linksEdit