Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital
Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital (Indonesian: Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Nasional Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo, abbreviated as RSUPN Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo or RSCM), is a government run hospital located at Salemba in Jakarta, Indonesia. The hospital was established in 1919 as the Centrale Burgelijke Ziekeninrichting (CBZ), which has undergone various changes in name and status since then, but since 1964 it is named after Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo, an Indonesian national hero of colonial struggle. It is a government run general hospital as well serves as teaching hospital for University of Indonesia. RSCM provides primary, secondary and tertiary care, acts as a national referral center for government hospitals and is a place for general practitioners, specialist doctors and subspecialists, nurses and other health workers. The hospital has almost all advanced diagnostic and therapeutic medical technology.
|Dr.Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital/ RSCM|
Old building of RSCM
|Location||Jl. Diponegoro No.71, Salemba, Jakarta, Indonesia|
|Hospital type||Teaching Hospital and General Hospital|
|Affiliated university||University of Indonesia|
|Standards||Tertiary level hospital/ A Type Hospital - Indonesia|
|Emergency department||Yes (24 hours)|
|Opened||19 November 1919|
The history of RSCM is related with that of University of Indonesia. In 1851 the colonial government of the Dutch East Indies established a school to train medical assistants. Training lasted for two years, and the graduates were certified to provide basic medical treatments. The degree conferred was Javanese Doctor, as the graduates were certified only to open their practice in the Dutch East Indies, especially Java. The program became more comprehensive; by 1864 it was expanded to three years. By 1875, the program of study had reached seven years and the graduates were entitled to the degree of Medical Doctor.
The hospital was used by the Imperial Japanese Army from 1942 to 1945. In 1945, the name changed to Ruma Sakit Omeom Negri (RSOM). Then in 1945, the name changed again as Ruma Sakit Umum Pusat (RSUP). After independence, in 1964 the name changed to Ruma Sakit Tijpto Mangunkusumo (RSTM), then as RSCM to match with Bahasa Indonesian. In 1994, the hostital was named Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo (RSUP Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo).
In 2008 a new building was opened, which is now the main hospital building with a capacity of nearly 700 beds. In 2010 RSCM Kencana building with an integrated laboratory was inaugurated. In 2013 the Kirana RSCM building for eye care service was opened, which is a 6-storey building is located at Jalan Kimia, Cikini, Central Jakarta. The Center for Maternal and Child Health (PKIA) was inaugurated in 2014, which is housed in a 12-story building.
- "Indonesian doctors struggle with costly equipments". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
- "History". University of Indonesia. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
- "Setelah 8 Tahun, Pusat Kesehatan Ibu Anak RSCM Selesai Dibangun". Retrieved 5 July 2018.
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