Downtown Srinagar

Downtown, popularly known as Shehr-e-Khaas, is the largest and the most densely populated area of the city of Srinagar in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The area is mostly located on the banks of Jhelum river about 5 km from city center.[3] The area is considered as the core point in the city as the first inhabitants of the Srinagar lived there. It is considered a seat of resistance as most anti-India protests take place here. In general, the whole area to the north of city centre Lal Chowk is considered a part of downtown although some areas hold high significance.

Downtown (Srinagar)
View of Downtown from Zaina Kadal Bridge
View of Downtown from Zaina Kadal Bridge
Downtown (Srinagar) is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Downtown (Srinagar)
Downtown (Srinagar)
Downtown (Srinagar) is located in India
Downtown (Srinagar)
Downtown (Srinagar)
Downtown (Srinagar) (India)
Coordinates: 34°5′N 74°47′E / 34.083°N 74.783°E / 34.083; 74.783Coordinates: 34°5′N 74°47′E / 34.083°N 74.783°E / 34.083; 74.783
Country India
Union territoryJammu and Kashmir
DistrictSrinagar district
SettledAncient
Elevation
1,585 m (5,200 ft)
Languages
 • OfficialKashmiri
 • OfficialUrdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Distance from Delhi837.4 kilometres (520.3 mi)[1]
Distance from Mumbai2,192.6 kilometres (1,362.4 mi)[2]

The historical buildings and monuments found in the area reflect the design of old times. The residential homes are depicted to be constructed from late-19th century to early-20th century. Many key monuments like Jamia Masjid, Khanqah-e-Moula, Maharaj Gangh and shrines have been built by famous rulers of Kashmir.

HistoryEdit

The area was settled more than 2000 years ago in 3rd century BC by Raja Pravarsena. The area is the hub of the historical monuments made by the famous rulers of Kashmir.[4] The historical monuments include Jamia Masjid in Nowhatta, Khanqah-e- Moula in Zana Kadal Aali Masjid in Eidgah, Maharaj Ganj tomb in Maharaj Ganj, Pathar (stone) Masjid in Nawabazar, and Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jeelani's shrine in Khanyar. Moreover, the Roza Bal shrine is also situated in the area.

GeographyEdit

The area is located at 34°05′00″N 74°47′00″E / 34.0833°N 74.7833°E / 34.0833; 74.7833 at an elevation of 1585 meters above mean sea level in Srinagar.

DemographicsEdit

Kashmiri is the main language of the area. People also use Urdu and English as secondary languages. It is estimated that the downtown has the population of half a million which is about 47% of the total population of Srinagar district.[5]

FloodEdit

In September 2014 the state of Jammu and Kashmir was hit by floods caused by torrential rainfall. The area of Downtown was least affected as compared to the rest of Srinagar, though close to the river, the people from other parts of Srinagar shifted to downtown for safety. Commercial buildings and residential homes and Government offices were shattered to nothing in the adjoining areas. People lost their lives and properties and the whole area was set on the economic back-foot. Schools, hospitals and other places of significant importance were damaged by the floods.[6]

EducationEdit

There are number of school and colleges in downtown Srinagar, including Islamia College of Science and Commerce, Women's College and Gandhi Memorial College.

Sub divisionsEdit

The areas which comprising Downtown Srinagar include:-

S.No Name Popularity
1 Nawuit High
2 Razè Kedal High
3 Göjwör High
4 Kawdör Medium
5 Saraf Kedal Medium
6 Buhir Kedal High
7 Nawa Kedal High
8 Naid Kedal Medium
9 Safa Kedal High
10 Khanyar High
11 Sekidafar High
12 Aael Kadal Medium
13 Habb Kadal High
14 Fateh Kadal High
15 Kani Kadal Medium
16 Kadi Kadal Medium
17 Dumbe Kadal Low
18 Watal Kadal Low
19 Nawa Bazaar High
20 Maharaj Gunj High
21 Zaeni Kadal High
22 Khanqah e mohalla High
23 Gratabal Low
24 Tarabal Low
25 Braripoor Medium
26 Bul bul lanker Low
27 Narparistan Low
28 Khoji Baazar Medium
29 Rounwor High
30 Baba Demb Low
31 Zaldagar Low
32 Malarath Medium
33 Lal Bazaar Low
34 Narwor Medium
35 Ganderpoor Low
36 Eidgah High
37 Noor bagh High
38 Hazratbal Low
39 Hawal High

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "distance from New Delhi". Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  2. ^ "distance from Mumbai". Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  3. ^ "Location of Downtown". Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  4. ^ "greater kashmir .com". Archived from the original on 7 December 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  5. ^ "times of india". Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  6. ^ "hindustantimes.com". Archived from the original on 7 December 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014.