Downstate New York
Downstate New York is the southern portion of New York State, United States, in contrast to Upstate New York, the upper portion. The Downstate region, like Upstate New York, is divided into several subregions, such as New York City, the Hudson Valley and Long Island. The New York State Department of Transportation defines its "Downstate Region" as including Dutchess and Orange counties, and areas east and south. Both agencies and the general public use varying definitions of the boundary between upstate and downstate.
The Downstate region contains the largest population concentration in the state, and is also largely urban. The Upstate region, which forms the vast majority of the state's land area, typically contains more woodland geography.
One official usage of the term is by the State University of New York ("SUNY") system in the name of their southernmost medical school, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, located in East Flatbush, Brooklyn. The New York State Department of Transportation ("NYSDOT") also uses the term. The term is also used by the New York State Department of Corrections (“NYSDOC”) system in the name of their Upstate Correctional Facility in Malone, New York, and the name of their Downstate Correctional Facility in Fishkill, New York.