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BoundariesEdit

1801–1885: The whole of County Down, excluding the Boroughs of Downpatrick and Newry.

1922–1950: The Administrative county of Down, that is the whole of County Down excluding the part in the City of Belfast.

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 1940sEdit

1946 Down by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Charles Heron Mullan 50,699 51.4 N/A
NI Labour Desmond Donnelly 28,846 29.3 N/A
Independent Unionist J. Hastings-Little 16,895 17.1 N/A
Independent Unionist James Brown 2,125 2.2 -16.9
Majority 21,853 22.2
Turnout 98,565
UUP gain from Independent Unionist Swing N/A
General election 1945: Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Unionist James Little 46,732 40.4 N/A
UUP Walter Smiles 24,148 20.9 N/A
UUP John Blakiston Houston 22,730 19.6 N/A
Independent Unionist James Brown 22,163 19.1 N/A
Turnout 39.8
Independent Unionist gain from UUP Swing N/A
UUP hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1930sEdit

At the 1939 Down by-election, James Little was elected unopposed as an Ulster Unionist. He subsequently left the party in the run-up to the 1945 general election in a dispute over re-selection.
General election 1935: Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP David Reid 66,324 43.5 N/A
UUP Robin Vane-Tempest-Stewart 58,777 46.4 N/A
Independent Republican Patrick O'Hagan 20,236 13.3 N/A
Turnout 56.7
UUP hold Swing N/A
UUP hold Swing N/A
At the 1931 general election, David Reid and Robin Vane-Tempest-Stewart were elected unopposed.

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General election 1929: Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP David Reid 54,073 36.3 -10.2
UUP John Morrow Simms 53,943 36.2 -10.2
Ulster Liberal Robert Pollock 20,999 14.1 n/a
Ulster Liberal David Johnston 20,013 13.4 n/a
Turnout 58.5 -7.3
UUP hold Swing n/a
UUP hold Swing n/a
General election 1924: Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP David Reid 58,929 46.5 N/A
UUP John Morrow Simms 58,777 46.4 N/A
Sinn Féin Michael Murney 8,941 7.1 N/A
Turnout 65.8
UUP hold Swing N/A
UUP hold Swing N/A

At the 1922 and 1923 general elections, David Reid and John Morrow Simms were elected unopposed.

Elections in the 1880sEdit

By-election, 8 July 1885: Down[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Hill 5,097 52.0 −15.2
Liberal John Shaw Brown 4,696 48.0 +15.3
Majority 401 4.1 +4.0
Turnout 9,793 78.9 −7.6
Registered electors 12,412
Conservative hold Swing −15.3
By-election, 27 Nov 1884: Down (1 seat)[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Ker 4,387 52.3 −14.9
Liberal Arthur Crawford 3,998 47.7 +15.0
Majority 389 4.6 +4.5
Turnout 8,385 67.6 −18.9 (est)
Registered electors 12,412
Conservative hold Swing −15.0

The electorate was 12,718 in 1881.

  • Caused by Vane-Tempest's succession to the peerage, becoming Marquis of Londonderry.
General election 1880: Down (2 seats)[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Hill 5,873 34.4 −0.2
Conservative Charles Vane-Tempest 5,599 32.8 +0.6
Liberal John Crawford 5,579 32.7 −0.4
Majority 20 0.1 −1.4
Turnout 11,452 (est) 86.5 (est) +4.5
Registered electors 13,236
Conservative hold Swing +0.0
Conservative hold Swing +0.4

Elections in the 1870sEdit

By-election, 17 May 1878: Down[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Vane-Tempest 6,076 56.4 −10.4
Liberal William Drennan Andrews 4,701 43.6 +10.5
Majority 1,375 12.8 +11.3
Turnout 10,777 84.1 +2.1
Registered electors 12,814
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing −10.5
  • Sharman Crawford's death caused a by-election.
General election 1874: Down[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edwin Hill-Trevor 5,029 34.6 N/A
Liberal James Sharman Crawford 4,814 33.1 N/A
Conservative William Brownlow Forde 4,683 32.2 N/A
Turnout 9,670 (est) 82.0 (est) N/A
Registered electors 11,797
Majority 215 1.5 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Majority 131 0.9 N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 1860sEdit

General election 1868: Down[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative 'Edwin Hill-Trevor' Unopposed
Conservative 'William Brownlow Forde' Unopposed
Registered electors 11,646
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
General election 1865: Down[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative 'Edwin Hill-Trevor' Unopposed
Conservative 'William Brownlow Forde' Unopposed
Registered electors 11,435
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

The electorate was 11,470 in 1862.

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1859: Down[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative 'Edwin Hill' Unopposed
Conservative 'William Brownlow Forde' Unopposed
Registered electors 11,367
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
General election 1857: Down[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edwin Hill 5,839 39.1 −0.1
Conservative William Brownlow Forde 5,341 35.8 +1.2
Peelite David Stewart Ker[2] 3,735 25.0 −1.2
Majority 1,606 10.8 +2.4
Turnout 9,325 (est) 86.7 (est) +11.9
Registered electors 10,759
Conservative hold Swing +0.3
Conservative hold Swing +0.9

The Poll Books for part of County Down, showing how each elector voted in the 1857 general election are available in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland under reference D/671/O/2/7-8.

General election 1852: Down[1][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edwin Hill 4,654 39.2 N/A
Conservative David Stewart Ker 4,117 34.6 N/A
Radical William Sharman Crawford[4][5][6] 3,113 26.2 N/A
Majority 1,004 8.4 N/A
Turnout 7,499 (est) 74.8 (est) N/A
Registered electors 10,028
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

The Poll Books for part of County Down, showing how each elector voted in the 1852 general election are available in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland under reference D/671/O/2/5-6.

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1847: Down[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edwin Hill Unopposed
Conservative Frederick Stewart Unopposed
Registered electors 2,446
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
By-election, 3 June 1845: Down[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edwin Hill Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1841: Down[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Hill Unopposed
Conservative Frederick Stewart Unopposed
Registered electors 2,215
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1830sEdit

At the 1837 general election, Arthur Hill and Frederick Stewart were elected unopposed. The electorate was 3,525.

At the by-election on 30 August 1836 following Arthur Hill's succession as Baron Sandys, Arthur Hill, Earl of Hillsborough was returned unopposed.

At the 1835 general election, Arthur Hill and Frederick Stewart were elected unopposed. The electorate was 3,729.

At the 1832 general election, Arthur Hill and Frederick Stewart were elected unopposed. The electorate was 3,130.

General election 1831: Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Arthur Hill 1671 N/A
Tory Frederick Stewart 1067 N/A
Radical William Sharman Crawford 917 N/A
Registered electors 1990
General election 1830: Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Tory Frederick Stewart 930 N/A
Whig Arthur Hill 837 N/A
Tory Mathew Forde 766 N/A

Elections in the 1820sEdit

At the by-election on 15 July 1829 following Frederick Stewart's appointment as a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty, he was re-elected unopposed.

General election 1826: Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Arthur Hill 667 N/A
Tory Frederick Stewart 665 N/A
Tory John Stewart 16 N/A

At the by-election on 9 May 1821 following Robert Stewart vacating his seat, Mathew Forde was returned unopposed.

Elections in the 1810sEdit

At the 1818 and 1820 general elections, Arthur Hill and Robert Stewart were elected unopposed.

At the by-election on 26 February 1817 following the Hon. John Meade's appointment as consul general in Spain, Arthur Hill was returned unopposed.

The electorate was approximately 15,000 in 1815.

General election 1812: Down
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Tory Robert Stewart 55 N/A
Non Partisan John Meade 52 N/A
Non Partisan Eldred Pottinger 13 N/A

At the by-election on 30 May 1812 following Francis Savage's acceptance of the Chiltern Hundreds, Robert Ward was returned unopposed. "Castlereagh ... was not prepared to come in at that moment, and after an unsuccessful attempt to persuade Savage to reconsider his decision, he arranged for his old friend Colonel Ward to stand as a 'stopgap' until the general election".[7]

Elections in the 1800sEdit

At the 1806 and 1807 general elections, Francis Savage and John Meade were elected unopposed.

Down by-election, 1805
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Non Partisan John Meade 1973 N/A
Tory Robert Stewart c. 1481 N/A

At the 1802 general election Francis Savage and Robert Stewart were elected unopposed.

At the creation of the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1801, the sitting members of the Parliament of Ireland for County Down, Francis Savage and Robert Stewart, continued as MP's for the county.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127.
  2. ^ "Belfast Mercury". 7 April 1857. p. 3. Retrieved 30 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  3. ^ "Newry Telegraph". 22 July 1852. p. 2. Retrieved 30 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  4. ^ "William Sharman Crawford (1781–1861; Irish politician)". Manuscripts and Special Collections. University of Nottingham. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  5. ^ Lee, Sidney (1888). "Crawford, William Sharman" . In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 13. London: Smith, Elder & Co. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  6. ^ Navickas, Katrina (2016). Protest and the Politics of Space and Place, 1789–1848. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 172. ISBN 978-0-7190-9705-8. Retrieved 1 July 2018 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ Peter Jupp, County Down Elections, 1783–1831, Irish Historical Studies 18, no. 70 (1972): P 186