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Doteli, or Dotyali (डोटेली) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 800,000 people, most of whom live in Nepal. It was traditionally considered the western dialect of Nepali, and is written in the Devanagari script. It has official status in Nepal as per Part 1, Section 6 of Constitution of Nepal 2072 (2015).[2] There are four main dialects of Doteli, namely Baitadeli, Bajhangi Nepali, Darchuli and Doteli.[4] The mutual intelligibility between these dialects is high and all dialects of Doteli are able to share language-based materials.

Native toNepal
RegionDoti (Sudurpashchim Pradesh) and Karnali Pradesh
Native speakers
790,000 in Nepal (2011 census)[1]
Devanagari script (Nepali alphabet)
Official status
Official language in
   Nepal As per Part 1, Section 6 of Constitution of Nepal 2072 (2015):[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3dty
A lady from the Achham district of Nepal talks about cooking mutton and fish in the Achhami dialect
Terms used for language name by district[4]
District Terms used for language name
Kailali Baitadeli, Bajhangi, Nepali
Kanchanpur Baitadeli Nepali, Nepali
Doti Dotyali, Doteli
Dadeldhura Dotyali, Dadeldhuri
Baitadi Baitadi, Baitadeli, Dotyali
Darchula Darchuleli, Dotyali
Bajhang Bajhangi Bajhangi Nepali, Nepali

Origin and HistoryEdit

According to Rahul Sankrityayan Doteli or Dotyali is the dialect of the Kumaoni language which was brought to Doti by a section of the Katyuri dynasty of Kumaon which had ruled over Doti until 1790.The Doti kingdom was formed after the Katyuri kingdom had broken up into eight different princely states of different sections of the Katyuris[5]. However, in Nepal it is considered as a Nepali dialect; though Local intellectuals and people of Doti, those who are speaking Doteli language that they are increasingly demanding their language to be recognized as one of the national language of Nepal


  1. ^ Doteli at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ a b Constitution Bill of Nepal 2072
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Dotyali". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ a b A Sociolinguistic Study of Dotyali. LinSuN Central Department of linguistics, Tribhuvan University, Nepal and SIL International, 2014
  5. ^ "T.R. Vaidya - ADVANCED HISTORY OF NEPAL". 2005-02-09. Retrieved 2020-01-08.

External linksEdit