Doswell is an unincorporated community in Hanover County in the Central Region of the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia. Originally called Hanover Junction, it was located on the Virginia Central Railroad, which later became part of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad (C&O) at a crossing of the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad, a north-south route. Both railroads are now owned by CSX Transportation, although the former Virginia Central line is leased to a short-line carrier, Buckingham Branch Railroad. The area near the Doswell train station is a popular train-watching site for railfans.
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Formerly consisting primarily of farmland, Doswell currently has many residents who commute to jobs in Richmond.
Kings Dominion, a major amusement park that is owned by Cedar Fair, and Meadow Event Park, home of the Virginia State Fair, are located in the town. There are also several historic sites in the town, such as Church Quarter and Sharp's Oakland which are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
- Mittie Frances Clarke Point (1850-1937), dime novelist