Donbass Arena or Donbas Arena (Ukrainian: Донба́с Аре́на [donˈbɑs ɐˈrɛnɐ]; Russian: Донба́сc Аре́на) is a stadium with a natural grass pitch in Donetsk, Ukraine (under occupation by the Donetsk People's Republic) that opened on 29 August 2009. The facility is located in the center of the city, in the Lenin Comsomol park. With a capacity of 52,518 spectators, the stadium used to host FC Shakhtar Donetsk matches and also hosted some matches of Euro 2012. The final cost of construction for Donbass Arena was $400M. The stadium has been unused and closed to the public since May 2014, due to the War in Donbass.
|Field size||105m x 68m|
|Broke ground||June 27, 2006|
|Opened||August 29, 2009|
|Closed||2014 (due to War in Donbass)|
|Construction cost||₴ 545 million|
|Shakhtar Donetsk (2009–2014)|
The name of the stadium represents the simplified and shortened name of the Donets Basin - huge industrial region of Donbas, hence – Donbas (in Ukrainian language: Донецький басейн or Донбас).
Construction and designEdit
Construction began in 2006. The general contractor was a Turkish company ENKA. The Stadium was completed and opened in 2009. About 1600 specialists, mainly Turkish, were involved in the construction.
Donbass Arena was designed by ArupSport. It was Project Managed by Arup Major Projects (Project Director Charles Goddard). Arup Sport also designed the City of Manchester Stadium (Manchester, England), Allianz Arena (Munich, Germany) and the Beijing National Stadium (Beijing, China). The soaring roof effect makes the Stadium resemble a flying saucer. The stadium has an oval shape and a glazed façade and is located near Regional Sport Complex Olimpiyskiy. The roof of the stadium slopes from north to south matching the landscape and contributing to the natural lighting and airing of the pitch. The external lighting makes the Stadium shine at night. A major design consideration was the ongoing protection of as much of the forest setting as possible (each tree having been planted in commemoration of deceased family members in the Great Patriotic War, and the exclusion zones to the neighbouring war memorials. A major geotechnical fault exists some 100m below the ground directly under the centre-spot. The building's foundations and piling was a major sub-project.
The Donbass Arena was completed ahead of schedule, but the grand opening was delayed until 29 August 2009 to coincide with the Ukrainian holiday of Miners Day, as well as Donetsk City day. Donetsk is in the Donbass region, a mining region, and the date was chosen for its symbolism. The primary tenant of the facility is the local professional football club Shakhtar Donetsk ("Donetsk Coal Miners").
American Pop/R&B singer-songwriter Beyoncé Knowles performed a show from her I Am... Tour on the opening night of the new stadium. It was Knowles' first performance in Ukraine. Beyoncé performed her famous hit Halo to honour the memory of Michael Jackson, who would have had his birthday on that day.
Shakhtar Donetsk's first match at the stadium was a 4–0 victory in a Ukrainian Premier League 2009–10 Round 8 fixture on 27 September 2009 against FC Obolon Kyiv. The first international game took place on November 18, 2009 against Greece, which Ukraine lost 0–1 failing to qualify for the 2010 FIFA World Cup.
UEFA Euro 2012 matchesEdit
Donbass Arena was included in the official bidding project submitted by Poland and Ukraine for hosting UEFA Euro 2012. The stadium was one of the venues for the UEFA Euro 2012. The stadium hosted group D stage games and one quarter-final and one semi-final game (with the other matches in that group played at Kiev Olympic Stadium). Unlike most new stadiums being built in Poland and Ukraine, Donbass Arena was not specifically built for the tournament.
The following matches were played at the stadium during the UEFA Euro 2012:
|Date||Time (CEST / EEST)||Team #1||Res.||Team #2||Round||Scored|
|2012-06-11||18.00 / 19.00||France||1–1||England||Group D||Joleon Lescott|
|2012-06-15||18.00 / 19.00||France||2–0||Ukraine||Group D||Jérémy Ménez|
|2012-06-19||20.45 / 21.45||England||1–0||Ukraine||Group D||Wayne Rooney|
|2012-06-23||20.45 / 21.45||Spain||2–0||France||Quarter-final||Xabi Alonso (2)|
|2012-06-27||20.45 / 21.45||Portugal||
The project of new stadium "Donbass Arena" was conceived long before Ukraine was named as co-host of Euro 2012. The owner considered the possibility of daily use of the arena. "Donbass Arena" includes three restaurants, a lounge-bar, a fan cafe, numerous fast-food outlets, retail outlets, a fitness center, corporate boxes and first aid rooms. The stadium also provides facilities for corporate events - presentations, press conferences, celebrations and concerts. Stadium tours are available which include an examination of the unique features of Donbass Arena, a visit to the footballers' rooms and FC Shakhtar Museum and a visit to the FC Shakhtar brand shop for souvenirs.
2014 conflict in UkraineEdit
On 22 August 2014 the stadium was damaged by what was reported to be artillery shelling, as the Ukrainian armed forces clashed with pro-Russian separatists for control of the town.
On 20 October 2014 the stadium was again damaged by what was reported to be artillery shelling. This time, the stadium sustained damage to the east and west sides and at least one large glass panel fell near a young girl.
Due to the danger of the ongoing conflict in Donetsk, Shakhtar decided to move all their home games to the town of Lviv in late 2014, before later moving to the Metalist Stadium in Kharkiv (183 miles to the north of Donetsk) in early 2017. Additionally, the club's administrative headquarters and player training sessions have been re-located to the capital city of Kiev.
The stadium has remained unused and closed to the public since FC Shaktar were forced to abandon it. However, despite the on-going conflict, the stadium is slowly being repaired. On 31 May 2018, the field turf was successfully restored.[unreliable source?]
- 7,668 m2 (82,538 sq ft) natural turf will be used with 2,201 m2 (23,691 sq ft) synthetic turf
- The total area of the construction site (including mobilization areas) is 254,907 m²
- The land (including pitch), where the Stadium is located, is 46,780 m²
- The height of the new stadium is 54m from pitch level to the top of the roof.
- There are 227 lavatories with 471 toilets and 333 wash basins.
- Over 120,000 m³ of concrete were poured during construction of the Stadium
- Approximately 4,300 tonnes of steel were used for construction
- Approximately 3,800 tonnes of steel were used for the roof structure.
- Total glazing area is approximately 24,000 m²
- The total area of the tiers is approximately 70,000 m²
- The size of the football field is 105 m × 68 m (344 ft × 223 ft)
- Official data of stadium issued by arup Archived 2012-02-23 at WebCite
- "Donbass Arena Ready to Open". Archived from the original on 2011-07-10. Retrieved 2010-09-17. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Donbass Arena: More than Elite Archived January 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Beyonce to perform at the opening of Donbass Arena
- New Shakhtar stadium opens doors
- Akhmetov called a strike at the enterprises in protest, Ukrainian Media Group (20 May 2014)
Ukrainian tycoon Rinat Akhmetov confronts rebellion, BBC News (20 May 2014)
Akhmetov's "Peace March" in Donetsk took 20 minutes, Interfax-Ukraine (20 May 2014)
Businessman Akhmetov condemns 'genocide of Donbas,' calls for peaceful rally against 'Donetsk People's Republic', Interfax-Ukraine (20 May 2014)
- Champions League - Shakhtar stadium hit by explosions Archived 2014-08-26 at the Wayback Machine
- Near miss for young girl at Donetsk stadium as blast hits
- Still in exile, Shakhtar Donetsk picks new home, The Washington Post (30 January 2017)
- Shakhtar Donetsk's Donbass Arena damaged by shelling
- "«Donbass Arena's» field turf was restored in Donetsk". rusvesna.su (in Russian). Retrieved 23 June 2018.
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