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Donald McLean (New Zealand politician)

Sir Donald McLean KCMG (27 October 1820 – 5 January 1877) was a 19th-century New Zealand politician and government official. He was involved in negotiations between the settler government and Māori from 1844 to 1861, eventually as Native Secretary and Land Purchase commissioner. He was one of the most influential figures in Māori-Pākehā relations in the mid-1800s and was involved in the dispute over the "Waitara Purchase", which led up to the First Taranaki War.

Sir Donald McLean

Donald McLean, 1870s.jpg
Donald McLean in the 1870s
4th Minister of Native Affairs and Colonial Defence
In office
28 June 1869 – 10 September 1872
Prime MinisterWilliam Fox
Preceded byTheodore Haultain
Succeeded byJohn Ballance
9th Minister of Native Affairs
In office
28 June 1869 – 10 September 1872
Prime MinisterWilliam Fox
Preceded byJames Crowe Richmond
Succeeded byhimself
In office
11 October 1872 – 7 December 1876
Preceded byhimself
Succeeded byDaniel Pollen
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Napier
In office
20 March 1866 – 5 January 1877
3rd Superintendent of Hawke's Bay Province
In office
26 February 1863 – 23 September 1869
Preceded byJohn Chilton Lambton Carter
Succeeded byJohn Davies Ormond
Personal details
Born(1820-10-27)27 October 1820
Tiree, Scotland
Died5 January 1877(1877-01-05) (aged 56)
Napier, New Zealand
Spouse(s)Susan Douglas Strang (m. 1851, d. 1852)
RelationsDouglas Maclean (son)

Contents

Early lifeEdit

He was born on the Hebridean island of Tiree, and came to New Zealand via Australia in 1840. He married Susan Douglas Strang, daughter of the registrar of the Supreme Court in Wellington, Robert Strang, on 28 August 1851. She died after giving birth to their son Douglas in December 1852 and her death deeply affected McLean; he never remarried.[1]

Political careerEdit

 
Donald McLean purchasing land at Wairoa, Hawke's Bay

McLean was involved in negotiations between the settler government and Māori from 1844 to 1861, eventually as Native Secretary and Land Purchase commissioner. He was involved in the dispute over the "Waitara Purchase", which led up to the First Taranaki War.[1] He was one of the most influential figures in Māori-Pākehā relations in the mid-1800s.[2]

He was elected Superintendent of Hawke's Bay Province on 26 February 1863 and served until the end of the term on 10 January 1867. He was re-elected on 9 May 1867 and served until his resignation on 3 September 1869.[3] In addition, he was a member of the Hawke's Bay Provincial Council, representing the Napier Country electorate in the 2nd Council (1862–1867) and the Napier Town electorate in the 3rd Council (1867–1871).[4]

New Zealand Parliament
Years Term Electorate Party
1866–1870 4th Napier Independent
1871–1875 5th Napier Independent
1875–1877 6th Napier Independent

He was a Member of Parliament for the Napier electorate in the 4th to 6th Parliament, from 1866 until his death in 1877.[5]

In 1867 he introduced the law providing for four Māori electorates in Parliament from 1868.[1] In the third Fox Ministry, he was Minister of Defence from 1869 to 1872 and Minister of Native Affairs.[6] In the Waterhouse, fourth Fox, first Vogel, Pollen, second Vogel, first Atkinson and second Atkinson Ministries, he remained Minister of Native Affairs until he resigned as a minister on 7 December 1876, shortly before he died.[1][7] In 1874 he was made a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George.[1]

The National Library of New Zealand has digitised 100,000 pages of his papers,[8] and the collection is featured on their website.[9] The collection includes over 3,000 letters written to McLean by Māori from throughout New Zealand.[10] It is the largest surviving group of 19th-century letters in Māori.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Ward, Alan. "McLean, Donald - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  2. ^ "Donald McLean (1820-1877)". Alexander Turnbull Library. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  3. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 198.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 201.
  5. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 124.
  6. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 34.
  7. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 34–36.
  8. ^ "Sir Donald McLean Papers". National Library of New Zealand. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  9. ^ "Collections of the Alexander Turnbull Library". Alexander Turnbull Library. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  10. ^ "Search results". Alexander Turnbull Library. Retrieved 30 December 2011.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit