Donald Andrew Hall Jr. (September 20, 1928 – June 23, 2018) was an American poet, writer, editor and literary critic. He was the author of over 50 books across several genres from children's literature, biography, memoir, essays, and including 22 volumes of verse. Hall was a graduate of Phillips Exeter Academy, Harvard, and Oxford. Early in his career, he became the first poetry editor of The Paris Review (1953–1961), the quarterly literary journal, and was noted for interviewing poets and other authors on their craft.
|Born||September 20, 1928|
Hamden, Connecticut, U.S.
|Died||June 23, 2018 (aged 89)|
Wilmot, New Hampshire, U.S.
|Occupation||Poet, writer, editor, critic.|
|Genre||Poetry, essays, children's literature, memoirs, biography|
|Notable awards||Robert Frost Medal (1991)|
|Spouse||Kirby Thompson (m. 1952–67)|
(m. 1972; died 1995)
On June 14, 2006, Hall was appointed as the Library of Congress's 14th Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry (commonly known as "Poet Laureate of the United States"). He is regarded as a "plainspoken, rural poet," and it has been said that, in his work, he "explores the longing for a more bucolic past and reflects [an] abiding reverence for nature."
Hall was respected for his work as an academic, having taught at Stanford University, Bennington College and the University of Michigan, and having made significant contributions to the study and craft of writing.
Life and careerEdit
Early life and educationEdit
Hall was born in Hamden, Connecticut, the only child of Donald Andrew Hall, a businessman, and Lucy Wells. He was educated at Phillips Exeter Academy, then earned an A.B. magna cum laude from Harvard in 1951, where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and a B.Litt., from Oxford in 1953. Hall received an honorary PhD, Lit. from Bates College in 1991.
Hall began writing even before reaching his teens, beginning with poems and short stories, and then moving on to novels and dramatic verse. Hall continued to write throughout his prep school years at Exeter, and, while still only sixteen years old, attended the Bread Loaf Writers' Conference, where he made his first acquaintance with the poet Robert Frost. That same year, he published his first work. While an undergraduate at Harvard, Hall served on the editorial board of The Harvard Advocate, and got to know a number of people who, like him, were poised with significant ambitions in the literary world, amongst them John Ashbery, Robert Bly, Kenneth Koch, Frank O'Hara, and Adrienne Rich. During his senior year, he won the Glascock Prize that Koch had won 3 years earlier.
After leaving Harvard, Hall went to Oxford for two years, to study for the B.Litt. He was editor of the magazine Oxford Poetry, as literary editor of Isis, as editor of New Poems, and as poetry editor of The Paris Review. At the end of his first Oxford year, Hall also won the university's Newdigate Prize, awarded for his long poem, 'Exile'. In September 1952, he married his first wife, Kirby Thompson, with whom he had his son and daughter.
On returning to the United States, Hall went to Stanford University, where he spent one year as a Creative Writing Fellow, studying under the poet-critic, Yvor Winters. Following his year at Stanford, Hall went back to Harvard, where he spent three years in the Society of Fellows. During that time, he put together his first book, Exiles and Marriages. In 1957, with Robert Pack and Louis Simpson, he edited an anthology which was to make a significant impression on both sides of the Atlantic, New Poets of England and America. It was later juxtaposed with Donald Allen's The New American Poetry 1945–1960. In 1968, he signed the "Writers and Editors War Tax Protest" pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against the Vietnam War.
While teaching at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan, he met the poet Jane Kenyon, whom he married in 1972. Three years later, the couple moved to Eagle Pond Farm, his grandparents' former home in Wilmot, New Hampshire. Hall and Kenyon were profiled at their home in a 1993 PBS documentary, "A Life Together," which aired as an episode of Bill Moyers Journal. In 1989, when Hall was in his early sixties, it was discovered that he had colon cancer. Surgery followed, but by 1992 the cancer had metastasized to his liver. After another operation, and chemotherapy, he went into remission, though he was told that he only had a one-in-three chance of surviving the next five years. Then, early in 1994, it was discovered that Kenyon had leukemia. Her illness, her death fifteen months later, and Hall's struggle to come to terms with these things, were the subject of his 1998 book, Without. Another book of poems dedicated to Kenyon, Painted Bed, is cited by Publishers Weekly as "more controlled, more varied and more powerful, this taut follow-up volume reexamines Hall's grief while exploring the life he has made since. The book's first poem, 'Kill the Day,' stands among the best Hall has ever written. It examines mourning in 16 long-lined stanzas, alternating catalogue with aphorism, understatement with keened lament: 'How many times will he die in his own lifetime?'"
Hall served as a member of the editorial board for poetry at the Wesleyan University Press from 1958 to 1964. He was closely affiliated with the Bennington College's graduate writing program since 1994, giving lectures and readings annually.
Hall published fifteen books of poetry, most recently White Apples and the Taste of Stone (2006), The Painted Bed (2002) and Without: Poems (1998), which was published on the third anniversary of Kenyon's death. Most of the poems in Without deal with Kenyon's illness and death, and many are epistolary poems. In addition to poetry, he also wrote several memoirs (among them Life Work and String Too Short to be Saved), children's books (notably Ox-Cart Man, which won the Caldecott Medal), and a number of plays. His recurring themes include New England rural living, baseball, and how work conveys meaning to ordinary life. He is regarded as a master both of received forms and free verse, and a champion of the art of revision, for whom writing is a craft, not merely a mode of self-expression. Hall won many awards, including two Guggenheim Fellowships and a Robert Frost Medal, and served as poet laureate of his state. He lived and worked at Eagle Pond Farm.
When not working on poems, he turned his hand to reviews, criticism, textbooks, sports journalism, memoirs, biographies, children's stories, and plays. He also devoted a lot of time to editing: between 1983 and 1996 he oversaw publication of more than sixty titles for the University of Michigan Press alone. He was for five years Poet Laureate of his home state, New Hampshire (1984–89), and among the many other honours and awards to have come his way were: the Lamont Poetry Prize for Exiles and Marriages (1955), the Edna St Vincent Millay Award (1956), two Guggenheim Fellowships (1963–64, 1972–73), inclusion on the Horn Book Honour List (1986), the Sarah Josepha Hale Award (1983), the Lenore Marshall Poetry Prize (1987), the National Book Critics Circle Award for Poetry (1988), the NBCC Award (1989), the Los Angeles Times Book Prize in poetry (1989), and the Frost Medal (1990). He was nominated for the National Book Award on three separate occasions (1956, 1979 and 1993). In 1994, he received the Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize for his lifetime achievement.
Hall was named the fourteenth U.S. Poet Laureate, succeeding Ted Kooser. He served from October 1, 2006, and was succeeded by Charles Simic the following year. At the time of his appointment, Hall was profiled in episode of The News Hour with Jim Lehrer which aired on October 16, 2006. Hall was awarded the 2010 National Medal of Arts by President Barack Obama.
Hall's penultimate work is a 2018 recording of an eleven-song cycle on the topic of mortality, entitled "Mortality Mansions: Songs of Love and Loss After 60." The poems are by Hall and are read by the author, the music is by Grammy Award-winning composer Herschel Garfein.
His last book A Carnival of Losses: Essays Nearing Ninety was published on July 10, 2018.
Hall lived at Eagle Pond Farm in Wilmot, New Hampshire, a small town in Merrimack County. He was married to poet and author Jane Kenyon (1947–1995) for 23 years and lived with her until her death. Hall died on June 23, 2018, at the age of 89 at his home in Wilmot.
Selected awards and honorsEdit
- 1952: Newdigate Prize
- 1955: Lamont Poetry Prize, for Exiles and Marriages
- 1956: Edna St. Vincent Millay Award
- 1956: Nomination for the National Book Award
- 1963–1964: Guggenheim Fellowship
- 1972–1973: Guggenheim Fellowship
- 1979: Nomination for the National Book Award
- 1984–1989: Poet Laureate of New Hampshire
- 1983: Sarah Josepha Hale Award
- 1986: Horn Book Honour List
- 1987: Lenore Marshall Poetry Prize
- 1988: National Book Critics Circle Award for Poetry
- 1989: Los Angeles Times Book Prize in poetry
- 1990: Robert Frost Medal from the Poetry Society of America
- 1991: Honorary Doctor of Letters (in honoris causa) from Bates College.
- 1993: Nomination for the National Book Award
- 1994: Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize for his lifetime achievement.
- 1999: L.L. Winship/PEN New England Award for Without: Poems
- 2006–2007: Fourteenth U.S. Poet Laureate
- 2010: National Medal of Arts
Full titles imply a biographical memoir covering four poets, expanded to cover seven.
- Remembering Poets: Reminiscences and Opinions: Dylan Thomas, Robert Frost, T. S. Eliot, Ezra Pound
- Their Ancient Glittering Eyes: Remembering Poets and More Poets: Robert Frost, Dylan Thomas, T.S. Eliot, Archibald MacLeish, Yvor Winters, Marianne Moore, Ezra Pound
- McDowell, Robert. "Hall, Donald (Andrew Jr.)" (entry) in Contemporary Poets (Thomson Learning, 2001).
- Italie, Hillel. "Prolific, painfully candid ex-poet laureate Donald Hall dies". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- "Poet Laureate Timeline: 2001–present". Library of Congress. 2009. Archived from the original on August 5, 2010. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
- Poetry Foundation (Chicago, Illinois). Biography: Donald Hall (found online here) (Retrieved November 20, 2012).
- Stitt, Interviewed by Peter A. (1991). "Donald Hall, The Art of Poetry No. 43". The Paris Review. Vol. Fall 1991, no. 120. ISSN 0031-2037. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- "Donald Hall, Former Poet Laureate, Dies At 89". NPR.org. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
- "Donald Hall, a Poet Laureate of the Rural Life, Is Dead at 89". Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- Learning, Gale, Cengage (2016). A Study Guide for Donald Hall's "Names of Horses". Gale, Cengage Learning. ISBN 978-1-4103-5358-0.
- Hall, Donald (March 1, 2013). "One Road". The American Scholar. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
- "Writers and Editors War Tax Protest" January 30, 1968 New York Post
- "Seven American Poets in Conversation". Archived from the original on November 20, 2008. Retrieved October 18, 2012.
- Hall, Donald (June 22, 2000). "Donald Hall". Donald Hall. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- Stevenson, Peter. "Book Review | 'Unpacking the Boxes: A Memoir of a Life in Poetry,' by Donald Hall". Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- Wang, Beverley (June 14, 2006). "Donald Hall named nation's poet laureate". Associated Press.
- Rich, Motoko (August 2, 2007). "Charles Simic, Surrealist With Dark View, Is Named Poet Laureate". New York Times.
- "President Obama to Award 2010 National Medal of Arts and National Humanities Medal". whitehouse.gov. March 1, 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2018 – via National Archives.
- Contributors, Deepak Chopra and Kabir Sehgal (May 24, 2018). "3 things millennials can learn from their older coworkers". CNBC. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
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- "People | Herschel Garfein | The Heyman Center for the Humanities at Columbia University". heymancenter.org. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
- "Slamdance Film Festival unveils five Beyond features and 67 short films". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
- Baseball: A film by Ken Burns, PBS, 2010, Retrieved December 27, 2013.
- "Donald Hall, former US poet laureate, dies at 89". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on April 3, 2019. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- Lifetime Honors – National Medal of Arts Archived May 23, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- "Mortality Mansions: Songs of Love and Loss after 60".
- Peter A. Stitt (Fall 1991). "Donald Hall, The Art of Poetry No. 43". The Paris Review. Fall 1991 (120).
- "Donald Hall, Poet Laureate of the United States, talks with Robert Birnbaum" on Identity Theory website, posted December 18, 2006
- "Between Solitude and Loneliness" by Donald Hall, New Yorker, October 15, 2016
- Resources on Donald Hall from the Library of Congress