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Donald Allen "Don" Bailey (born July 21, 1945) is an American politician and lawyer, from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. He was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from 1979 to 1983, Auditor General of Pennsylvania from 1985 to 1989, and a candidate for the Democratic nomination for United States Senate and Governor of Pennsylvania. His Congressional District (PA-21) included all of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania with a sliver of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, prior to the 1981 redistricting.

Donald A. Bailey
Donald A. Bailey.jpg
47th Auditor General of Pennsylvania
In office
January 15, 1985[1] – January 17, 1989[2]
GovernorDick Thornburgh
Bob Casey, Sr.
Preceded byAl Benedict
Succeeded byBarbara Hafer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 21st district
In office
January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1983
Preceded byJohn Dent
Succeeded byTom Ridge
Personal details
Born
Donald Allen Bailey

(1945-07-21) July 21, 1945 (age 74)
Greensburg, Pennsylvania
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materUniversity of Michigan (BA)
Duquesne University (J.D.)
OccupationAttorney, Politician, Soldier
AwardsSilver Star
Bronze Star
Army Commendation Medal
Military service
Branch/serviceUnited States Army
Battles/warsVietnam War

Early life, education, and early careerEdit

Bailey was born in Allegheny County to Glenn and Anna Bailey. He was raised in Allegheny and Westmoreland counties. He graduated from Greensburg High School in 1963. He received a BA from the University of Michigan in 1967. He played college football at the guard position for the Michigan Wolverines football team from 1964 to 1966.[3]

After college, he entered the United States Army, serving with the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions in Vietnam. He was awarded Silver Star, three Bronze Stars, two with the Valor device, one for meritorious achievement, Army Commendation Medal, with "V" for Valor, Air Medal, and a second Army Commendation Medal for meritorious service.

After Vietnam, Bailey, worked at a number of "blue collar" jobs, including as a steelworker at J. & L. Steel Corp., during which time he was a member of the United Steelworkers of America. He also graduated from Duquesne University School of Law with a J.D., in 1976, on the G.I. Bill. He was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar the same year.

U.S. House of Representatives (1979–1983)Edit

ElectionsEdit

In 1978, incumbent Democrat John Dent of Pennsylvania's 21st congressional district decided to retire. Bailey ran and won the Democratic primary with a plurality of 23% in an 11 candidate field.[4] He won the general election with 53% of the vote.[5]

In 1980, he was challenged by two candidates in the primary, but he defeated both of them in April with 60% of the vote.[6] He won re-election to a second term with 68% of the vote.[7]

After redistricting by the state legislature, Bailey's district in 1982 was one of two eliminated as a result of slow-growth in Pennsylvania compared to other states. Most of his district, including his home in Westmoreland County, was merged with the 12th District of fellow Democratic Congressman John Murtha, who had been serving since 1974. Despite the fact that most of the district was represented by Murtha, Bailey decided to run in the newly redrawn Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district. Murtha defeated Bailey in the primary 52%–38%.[8]

TenureEdit

He was generally considered as a moderate-to-conservative Democrat. In 1979, he sponsored legislation to fund synthetic fuel.[9]

He frequently criticized Democratic President Jimmy Carter.[10][11] However, when Carter was challenged by liberal U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy, Bailey and most Western Pennsylvania Democrats endorsed Carter. Bailey said "Carter is still the best alternative."[12]

He negotiated for loans for the Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel company.[13] In 1981, he opposed raising the retirement age.[14] He also voted against spending cuts proposed by Republican President Ronald Reagan[15] and against a Balanced budget amendment.[16]

Committee assignmentsEdit

Auditor General of Pennsylvania (1985–1989)Edit

In 1984, Bailey ran for Pennsylvania Auditor General as a Democrat, defeating Republican Susan Shanaman 51%–48%.[20] He was the only Democratic nominee to win statewide that year. During his tenure as Auditor General, Bailey established the first work-site child daycare facility in Pennsylvania government, established minimum education standards for state auditors, and generally modernized auditing procedures.

Legal career (1989–Present)Edit

Since leaving the Auditor General office in 1989, Bailey has been a full-time attorney, based in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. His specialties include civil rights. He is also quoted as calling himself, an "equal opportunity suer [1]" and does take clients litigating with both Democrats and Republicans. On October 2, 2013, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania suspended Bailey from practice for 5 years[21]

Political campaigns since 1986Edit

1986 U.S. Senate electionEdit

Bailey decided to challenge incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Arlen Specter. However, he lost the Democratic primary to U.S. Congressman Bob Edgar 47%–45%.[22]

1988 Auditor General electionEdit

Bailey ran for re-election in 1988, but lost to Republican Barbara Hafer, an Allegheny County Commissioner, 49%–48% (difference of 35,618 votes).[23]

1992 Auditor General electionEdit

Bailey ran for Auditor General again in 1992. He lost the Democratic primary to State Senator H. Craig Lewis, who won with a plurality of 40% of the vote. Businessman Jack O'Brien ranked second with 27%, Bailey ranked third with 20%, and State Senator Roy C. Afflerbach was last with 12%.[24]

1998 gubernatorial electionEdit

In 1998, Bailey ran for Governor of Pennsylvania, challenging incumbent Republican Governor Tom Ridge. Bailey lost the Democratic primary to State Representative Ivan Itkin 49%–39%.[25]

2012 Attorney General electionEdit

After fourteen years, Bailey has decided to run for public office again. This time, he is running for Pennsylvania Attorney General as an independent.[26]

TriviaEdit

NotesEdit

Much of the information is taken from the Congressional Biography website and the offline Pennsylvania Manual, volumes 105 (1981) and 108 (1987).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Top State Officials Sworn In". The Allentown Morning Call. January 16, 1985. Retrieved December 9, 2011.
  2. ^ "Casey welcomes Knoll, Hafer, Preate to Office". The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. January 18, 1989. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
  3. ^ "All-Time Football Roster Database". University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  4. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=387871
  5. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=53492
  6. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=756768
  7. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=50352
  8. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=210037
  9. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=ET9VAAAAIBAJ&sjid=RT4NAAAAIBAJ&pg=1313,1507978&dq=don+bailey&hl=en
  10. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=s81RAAAAIBAJ&sjid=W20DAAAAIBAJ&pg=2036,1381673&dq=don+bailey&hl=en
  11. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=FM0fAAAAIBAJ&sjid=7NgEAAAAIBAJ&pg=3229,2626217&dq=don+bailey+budget&hl=en
  12. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=TZMcAAAAIBAJ&sjid=FGMEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6868,5059036&dq=don+bailey&hl=en
  13. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=Kz9VAAAAIBAJ&sjid=RT4NAAAAIBAJ&pg=5735,3475546&dq=don+bailey&hl=en
  14. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=F8M_AAAAIBAJ&sjid=wVcMAAAAIBAJ&pg=6733,5384660&dq=don+bailey&hl=en
  15. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=Hs9RAAAAIBAJ&sjid=-20DAAAAIBAJ&pg=5971,5720328&dq=don+bailey+budget&hl=en
  16. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=oUocAAAAIBAJ&sjid=A2AEAAAAIBAJ&pg=5352,224044&dq=don+bailey+budget&hl=en
  17. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=wfhdAAAAIBAJ&sjid=pV8NAAAAIBAJ&pg=6240,443314&dq=don+bailey+budget&hl=en
  18. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=QOgNAAAAIBAJ&sjid=qW0DAAAAIBAJ&pg=4587,461674&dq=don+bailey&hl=en
  19. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=c44qAAAAIBAJ&sjid=SVwEAAAAIBAJ&pg=2060,4907390&dq=don+bailey&hl=en
  20. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=611001
  21. ^ http://www.pacourts.us/assets/opinions/DisciplinaryBoard/out/11DB2011-Bailey.pdf
  22. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=253022
  23. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=190050
  24. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=212768
  25. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=187872
  26. ^ http://www.politicspa.com/bailey-to-run-for-ag-as-indy-not-dem/32565/
  27. ^ Pennsylvania Manual, Vol. 108, p. 323 (1987)
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
John Dent
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 21st congressional district

1979–1983
Succeeded by
Tom Ridge
Political offices
Preceded by
Al Benedict
Auditor General of Pennsylvania
1985–1989
Succeeded by
Barbara Hafer
Party political offices
Preceded by
Al Benedict
Democratic nominee for Auditor General of Pennsylvania
1984, 1988
Succeeded by
Craig Lewis