|Dominican Navy |
Armada de Republica Dominicana
|Active||April 15, 1844 – present|
|Size||4,000 personnel, 33 ships|
Dominican War of Independence|
Dominican Civil War
|Vicealmirante Edmundo Nestor M. Felix Pimentel|
|Adm. Juan Bautista Cambiaso|
After the Dominican Republic gained its independence from Haiti on February 27, 1844, there was a need to create a naval fleet. Three schooners were commissioned for this, Separación Dominicana (flagship), María Chica and Leonor. These were the original three Dominican vessels which were incorporated in the newly created Dominican Navy as authorized by the Junta Central Gubernativa with the Naval Act of 1844 on April 23, 1844, the same day the Navy was created. Even though, the three schooners had been in action since April 15 at the Battle of Tortuguero, where they were led by Admiral Juan Bautista Cambiaso and sank six Haitian ships.
During the Dominican Civil War, a part of the Navy opposed the "Return to the Legitime Government" which was victim of a coup d'état in September 1963 and used the frigate Mella to bombard the National Palace with the help of the Air Force.
On the other side of the conflict, The elite navy force "Hombres Ranas" (Frog Men) under Commander Ramon Montes Arache, fought to bring the 1962 democratically-elected president back in office. The other navy commanders were afraid of the "Hombres Ranas" taking control over Las Calderas Naval Base. See United States occupation of the Dominican Republic (1965–1966)
The Navy maintaines several naval stations and detachments, but has two main bases:
- Base Naval 27 de Febrero, located in the city of Santo Domingo, the Chief of Staff and the Naval Academy "Vice-Admiral Cesar de Windt Lavandier" are located here.
- Base Naval de Las Calderas, located in Peravia Province, is the largest naval base. The Bahia Las Calderas Naval Shipyard (ANABALCA)is located here. This shipyard is responsible for the maintenance of naval units of the fleet, as well as civilian vessels. Military and civilian vessels, such as tugs, boats, barges, pilot boats have also been built at this site.
List of current vesselsEdit
|USCG seagoing buoy tender (Mesquite class)||PA-301 Almirante Didiez Burgos||United States||1||The flagship of the Dominican Navy, it was transferred by the United States Coast Guard (USCG) in 2001. It is used for coastal patrol, navigational aid maintenance, midshipman cruises, humanitarian assistance, naval training exercises, troop transport, and at sea refueling. It is armed with two M-2 0.50 caliber machine guns and two single Oerlikon 20 mm cannon, but it can also be armed with two extra 0.50 cal. machine guns, two M60 machine guns and one 3/50 (single) gun.|
|White-class coastal buoy tender||PM-203 Tortuguero
|United States||2||Tortuguero and Capotill were transferred to the Navy by the USCG in 1999 and in 2002, respectively. They are used for coastal patrol, navigational aids maintenance, midshipman cruises, humanitarian assistance, naval training exercises, and at sea refueling. They are armed with two M2 0.50 cal. machine guns.|
|Coast Guard Division|
|Point-class cutters||GC-101 Aries
|United States||2||They are used for coastal and riverine patrol, search and rescue operations, anti-narcotics operations. They are armed with two M2 0.50 cal. machine guns.|
|Seaward-class patrol boat||GC-103 Procion
|United States||4||They were acquired between 1968 and 1971. Between 2003 and 2005 they underwent a general renovation, receiving new engines,new generators, new radars, GPS navigation system, auto-pilot system, etc. They are used for coastal and river patrols, search and rescue operations, and anti-narcotics operations. They are armed with three M-2 0.50 cal. machine guns.|
|Swiftships 110'-class patrol boat||GC-107 Canopus
|United States||2||Built in 1984 by the Swiftships shipbuilders. Between 2003 and 2005 they underwent a general renovation, receiving new engines, new generators, new radars, a GPS navigation system, and an auto-pilot system. They are used for coastal and river patrols, search and rescue operations, and anti-narcotics operations. They are armed with two M2 0.50 cal. machine guns, one Oerlikon 20 mm cannon (single) and one M60 machine gun.|
|Swiftships 35-meter patrol boat||GC-112 Altair||United States||1||Built in 2003 by the Swiftships shipbuilders. It is used for coastal and river patrols, search and rescue operations, and anti-narcotics operations. It is armed with two M2 0.50 cal. machine guns and one single-mounted Oerlikon 20 mm cannon.|
|Salvage and Rescue Unit|
|Damen Stan Patrol 1500-class patrol boat||LR-151 Hamal
|Dominican Republic||3||These patrol boats were built in The Dominican Republic by Astilleros Navales Bahia Las Calderas (ANABALCA) in 2004. They are used for coastal and river patrols, search and rescue operations, anti-narcotics operations. These patrol boats are unarmed, but they carry M16 rifles and can be fitted with a M60 machine gun. LR-152 Vega sank while underway to Las Calderas Naval base.|
|Interceptor Boat Division|
|Interceptor Nor-Tech 4300 class||LR-155 Castor
|United States||4 (out of service)||These Nor-techs were built without bunks and water tanks to fit 100 extra gallons of fuel and other equipment, such as a FLIR camera and communications equipment. They are used for coastal and river patrols, search and rescue operations, anti-narcotics operations, and go-fast interdiction. These patrol boats are unarmed, but they carry M16 rifles.|
|32' Defender-class boat||LI-159 Enif
|United States||9||They are used for coastal and river patrols, search and rescue operations, anti-narcotics operations, and go-fast interdiction. They are armed with a M60 machine gun (Denebola, Regulus and Acrux are fitted with three M60 mounts) and they carry M16 rifles.|
|28' speedboat||LR-160 Rigel||United States||2|
|Auxiliary Vessels Division|
|ATR 165-class ocean tug||RM-1 Guarocuya||United States||1||Before serving in the Dominican Navy, it was civilian tug used by smugglers to transport illegal drugs. After being confiscated by the Navy it underwent a general renovation and was incorporated for naval operations.|
|Damen Stan 2608-class tug||RM-2 Guarionex
|Dominican Republic||2||Built in the Dominican Republic by ANABALCA. They are currently being operated on a lease by the company Remolcadores Dominicanos.|
|Dredgers||BD-12 San Pedro||United States||1||Sank while underway.|
|Oil fuel barge||BC-1 Mencia||United States||1|
|LCU-1600-class landing craft utility||LD-31 Neyba||United States||1|
|Floating docks||DF-1||United States||1||Refurbished and operated by ANABALCA.|
- The Dominican Navy has other vessels of less draft.
In the Dominican Navy, the ranks are organized in Admirals Officers, Senior Officers, Junior Officers and Enlisted.
(Capitan de Navio)
(Capitan de Fragata)
(Capitan de Corbeta)
(Teniente de Navio)
|Lieutenant Junior Grade
(Teniente de Fragata)
(Teniente de Corbeta)
|Title||Chief Petty Officer
|Petty Officer 1st Class
|Petty Officer 2nd Class
The Dominican Naval Auxiliary Corps is a civilian force that possesses its own resources to assist in search operations, rescue and environmental protection. This organization was created by the Executive by Decree 887-09 and it is composed of a group of business and professional volunteers.
The organization operates private boats, barges and aircraft made available to the Navy, in order to assist with non-military activities or public order and safety at sea. The Dominican Naval Auxiliary has a presence in the north, northeast, east, south and center of the country.
The Naval Commandos are the Special Operations component of the Dominican Navy and are only employed in emergency situations. The Naval Commandos are capable of undertaking unconventional warfare, hostage rescue, counter-terrorism, VBSS (Visit Board Search and Seizure) and are experts in handling explosives and amphibious operations. They are also trained in parachuting, hand-to-hand combat, CQC and other key skills. The team's armament includes the M16 rifle with the M203 grenade launcher, the Colt M4A1, M14 rifle, Mossberg 500 shotgun, the M60 machine gun and small arms. The team operates inflated zodiac boats, RHIBs, and night vision goggles, among other equipment.
Some team members first saw action during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Dominican troops, comprising a battalion of special components of the Dominican Armed forces, were under constant mortar attacks but suffered no casualties. While in Iraq, the troops were serving in the Plus Ultra Brigade, which was under Spanish command and operating in Southern Iraq.
Marine Infantry CommandEdit
Raised in 2008 the MIC serves as the youngest arm of service in the Dominican Navy, which is tasked for amphibious and landing operations. One Marine Battalion is of active service as of the present. It also the youngest Marine unit in all of Latin America.
The Navy plans to build a ship called a "Multipurpose Platform", which will be between 164-and-190-foot (50 and 58 m) long. Its construction will be in Bahia de Las Calderas, at the "Astilleros Navales Bahia de Las Calderas" (ANABALCA) shipyard. All the installations of the Dominican Navy located in Santo Domingo: the Naval Base, the Naval academy, the military docks and the Dredging, Dams and Beacons department, will be transferred to the municipality of Andres Boca Chica. There are also plans for the construction of a new building in Santo Domingo that will house the Chief of Staff.
- Wertheim, Eric (2007). Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 163. ISBN 1-59114-955-X.
- Marina de Guerra Dominicana (in Spanish)