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The Navy of the Dominican Republic or Armada de Republica Dominicana (ARD), is one of the three branches of the Military of the Dominican Republic, together with the Army and the Air Force.

Dominican Navy
Armada de Republica Dominicana
Emblema de la Marina de Guerra Dominicana.svg
ActiveApril 15, 1844 – present
CountryDominican Republic
BranchNavy
TypeNavy
Size4,000 personnel, 33 ships
AnniversariesApril 15
EngagementsDominican War of Independence
Dominican Civil War
Commanders
Current
commander
Vicealmirante Emilio Recio Segura
Notable
commanders
Adm. Juan Bautista Cambiaso
Insignia
Naval EnsignNaval Ensign of the Dominican Republic.svg
Naval JackNaval Jack of the Dominican Republic.svg

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
The three Dominican schooners later on in Santo Domingo circa 1850.

After the Dominican Republic gained its independence from Haiti on February 27, 1844, there was a need to create a naval fleet. Three schooners were commissioned for this, Separación Dominicana (flagship), María Chica and Leonor. These were the original three Dominican vessels which were incorporated in the newly created Dominican Navy as authorized by the Junta Central Gubernativa with the Naval Act of 1844 on April 23, 1844, the same day the Navy was created. Even though, the three schooners had been in action since April 15 at the Battle of Tortuguero, where they were led by Admiral Juan Bautista Cambiaso and sank six Haitian ships.

During the Dominican Civil War, a part of the Navy opposed the "Return to the Legitime Government" which was victim of a coup d'état in September 1963 and used the frigate Mella to bombard the National Palace with the help of the Air Force.

On the other side of the conflict, The elite navy force "Hombres Ranas" (Frog Men) under Commander Ramon Montes Arache, fought to bring the 1962 democratically-elected president back in office. The other navy commanders were afraid of the "Hombres Ranas" taking control over Las Calderas Naval Base. See United States occupation of the Dominican Republic (1965–1966)

Naval basesEdit

The Navy maintaines several naval stations and detachments, but has three main bases:

  • Base Naval 27 de Febrero, located in the city of Santo Domingo, the Chief of Staff and the Naval Academy "Vice-Admiral Cesar de Windt Lavandier" are located here.
  • Base Naval de Las Calderas, located in Peravia Province, is the largest naval base. The Bahia Las Calderas Naval Shipyard (ANABALCA)is located here. This shipyard is responsible for the maintenance of naval units of the fleet, as well as civilian vessels. Military and civilian vessels, such as tugs, boats, barges, pilot boats have also been built at this site.
  • Base Naval Boca Chica, located in Boca Chica, 35 km east of Santo Domingo.

List of current vesselsEdit

Class Name Origin In service Notes Image
Patrol Division
USCG seagoing buoy tender (Mesquite class)[1] PA-301 Almirante Didiez Burgos   United States 1 The flagship of the Dominican Navy, it was transferred by the United States Coast Guard (USCG) in 2001. It is used for coastal patrol, navigational aid maintenance, midshipman cruises, humanitarian assistance, naval training exercises, troop transport, and at sea refueling. It is armed with two M-2 0.50 caliber machine guns and two single Oerlikon 20 mm cannon, but it can also be armed with two extra 0.50 cal. machine guns, two M60 machine guns and one 3/50 (single) gun.
 
PA-301 Almirante Juan Alejandro Acosta
White-class coastal buoy tender PM-203 Tortuguero
PM-204 Capotillo
  United States 2 Tortuguero and Capotillo were transferred to the Navy by the USCG in 1999 and in 2002, respectively. They are used for coastal patrol, navigational aids maintenance, midshipman cruises, humanitarian assistance, naval training exercises, and at sea refueling. They are armed with two M2 0.50 cal. machine guns.
 
PM-204 Capotillo
Coast Guard Division
Point-class cutters GC-101 Aries
GC-105 Antares
GC-110 Sirius
  United States 2 They are used for coastal patrol, search and rescue operations, anti-narcotics operations. They are armed with two M2 0.50 cal. machine guns.
 
GC-105 Antares
Seawart-class patrol boat GC-103 Procion
GC-104 Aldebarán
GC-106 Bellatrix
GC-108 Capella
  United States 4 They were acquired between 1968 and 1971. Between 2003 and 2005 they underwent a general renovation, receiving new engines,new generators, new radars, GPS navigation system, auto-pilot system, etc. They are used for coastal patrols, search and rescue operations, and anti-narcotics operations. They are armed with three M-2 0.50 cal. machine guns.
 
GC-106 Bellatrix
Swiftships 110'-class patrol boat GC-107 Canopus
GC-109 Orión
  United States 2 Built in 1984 by the Swiftships shipbuilders. Between 2003 and 2005 they underwent a general renovation, receiving new engines, new generators, new radars, a GPS navigation system, and an auto-pilot system. They are used for coastal patrols, search and rescue operations, and anti-narcotics operations. They are armed with two M2 0.50 cal. machine guns, one Oerlikon 20 mm cannon (single) and one M60 machine gun.
 
GC-109 Orion
Swiftships 35-meter patrol boat GC-112 Altair   United States 1 Built in 2003 by the Swiftships shipbuilders. It is used for coastal patrols, search and rescue operations, and anti-narcotics operations. It is armed with two M2 0.50 cal. machine guns and one single-mounted Oerlikon 20 mm cannon.
 
GC-112 Altair
Swiftships 36 meter research ship/Centauro-class patrol ship GC-111 Centauro   United States 1 Built in 1976 by the Swiftships shipbuilders as research vessel for University of Delaware. The Dominican Navy acquired it in 2017. Is used for coastal patrols, search and rescue operations, and anti-narcotics operations. [1] EX-Hispaniola in Santo Domingo before was acquired by the ARD.
Defiant 85 Near Coastal Patrol Vessel (NCPV)   United States 1 on order Being built by the Metal sharks shipbuilders. Metal Shark has been selected by the US Navy to build Near Coastal Patrol Vessels (NCPVs) for United States partner nations through the Department of Defense Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program. Will be used for coastal patrols, search and rescue operations, and anti-narcotics operations. [2]
Salvage and Rescue Unit
Damen Stan Patrol 1500-class patrol boat LR-151 Hamal
LR-152 Vega
LR-153 Deneb
LR-154 Acamar
  Dominican Republic 3 These patrol boats were built in The Dominican Republic by Astilleros CIRAMAR in 2004. They are used for coastal patrols, search and rescue operations, anti-narcotics operations. These patrol boats are unarmed, but they carry M16 rifles and can be fitted with a M60 machine gun.
 
LR-153 Deneb
Interceptor Boat Division
32' - 37' Justice Boston whaler-class boat LI-155 Castor
LI-156 Pollux
LI-157 Atria
LI-158 Shaula
LI-159 Enif
LI-161 Elnath
LI-162 Polaris
LI-163 Nunki
LI-164 Dubhe
LI-165 Regulus
LI-166 Denebola
L-167 Acrux
LI-168 Rigel
LI-169 Algenib
  United States 10 They are used for coastal and river patrols, search and rescue operations, anti-narcotics operations, and go-fast interdiction. They are armed with a M60 machine gun (Denebola, Regulus and Acrux are fitted with three M60 mounts) and they carry M16 rifles.
 
Elnath, Polaris and Nunki
Auxiliary Vessels Division
Damen Stan 2608-class tug RM-2 Guarionex
RM-3 Guaroa
  Dominican Republic 2 Built in the Dominican Republic by CIRAMAR. They are currently being operated on a lease by the company SVITZER Dominicana.
 
RM-3 Guaroa
LCU-1600-class landing craft utility LD-31 Neyba   United States 1
Floating docks DF-1   United States 1 Refurbished and operated by CIRAMAR.
Training
Three-masted barquentine BE-01 Juan Bautista Cambiaso
  Bulgaria 1 Originally named Royal Helena, the ship was launched on 29 August 2009 in Varna, Bulgaria. She can accommodate up to 37 cadets for multiple-day journeys. In 2018 the ship was acquired by the Dominican Navy and renamed Juan Bautista Cambiaso. She is 54 metres (177 ft 2 in) long with a beam of 8 metres (26 ft 3 in). Her callsign is LZKZ and she is identified by the MMSI number 207369000. [3]

RanksEdit

In the Dominican Navy, the ranks are organized in Admirals Officers, Senior Officers, Junior Officers and Enlisted.

Admirals Officers
Insignia
Title Admiral
(Almirante)
Vice Admiral
(Vicealmirante)
Rear Admiral
(Contralmirante)
Senior Officers
Insignia
Title Captain
(Capitan de Navio)
Commander
(Capitan de Fragata)
Lieutenant Commander
(Capitan de Corbeta)
Junior Officers
Insignia
Title Lieutenant
(Teniente de Navio)
Lieutenant Junior Grade
(Teniente de Fragata)
Ensign
(Teniente de Corbeta)
Cadet
(Guardiamarina)
Enlisted
Insignia
Title Chief Petty Officer
(Sargento Mayor)
Petty Officer 1st Class
(Sargento)
Petty Officer 2nd Class
(Cabo)
E1
(Marinero)

Dominican Naval Auxiliary CorpsEdit

The Dominican Naval Auxiliary Corps is a civilian force that possesses its own resources to assist in search operations, rescue and environmental protection. This organization was created by the Executive by Decree 887-09 and it is composed of a group of business and professional volunteers.

The organization operates private boats, barges and aircraft made available to the Navy, in order to assist with non-military activities or public order and safety at sea. The Dominican Naval Auxiliary has a presence in the north, northeast, east, south and center of the country.

Naval CommandosEdit

The Naval Commandos are the Special Operations component of the Dominican Navy and are only employed in emergency situations. The Naval Commandos are capable of undertaking unconventional warfare, hostage rescue, counter-terrorism, VBSS (Visit Board Search and Seizure) and are experts in handling explosives and amphibious operations. They are also trained in parachuting, hand-to-hand combat, CQC and other key skills. The team's armament includes the M16 rifle with the M203 grenade launcher, the Colt M4A1, M14 rifle, Mossberg 500 shotgun, the M60 machine gun and small arms. The team operates inflated zodiac boats, RHIBs, and night vision goggles, among other equipment.

Some team members saw action during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Dominican troops, comprising a battalion of special components of the Dominican Armed forces, were under constant mortar attacks but suffered no casualties. While in Iraq, the troops were serving in the Plus Ultra Brigade, which was under Spanish command and operating in Southern Iraq.

Marine Infantry CommandEdit

Raised in 2008 the MIC serves as the youngest arm of service in the Dominican Navy, which is tasked for amphibious and landing operations. One Marine Battalion is of active service as of the present. It also the youngest Marine unit in all of Latin America.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wertheim, Eric (2007). Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 163. ISBN 1-59114-955-X.

External linksEdit