Domenico Ferrata

Domenico Ferrata JUD (4 March 1847 – 10 October 1914) was an Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal who spent the bulk of his career in the diplomatic service of the Holy See and in the Roman Curia.


Domenico Ferrata
Secretary of State
Domenico Ferrata2.jpg
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed4 September 1914
Term ended10 October 1914
PredecessorRafael Merry del Val de Zulueta
SuccessorPietro Gasparri
Other posts
Orders
Ordination18 September 1869
Consecration19 April 1885
by Lodovico Jacobini
Created cardinal22 June 1896
by Pope Leo XIII
RankCardinal-Priest
Personal details
Birth nameDomenico Ferrata
Born4 March 1847
Gradoli, Montefiascone, Viterbo, Papal States
Died10 October 1914(1914-10-10) (aged 67)
Rome, Kingdom of Italy
ParentsGiovanni Battista Ferrata
Maria Antonuzzi
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Coat of armsDomenico Ferrata's coat of arms

Ferrata was born in Gradoli, near Viterbo. Ordained a priest in 1869 and consecrated a bishop in 1885, he served as nuncio to Belgium and then to France. He served as Secretary of the Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs from 20 April 1889 to 23 June 1891. He elevated to Cardinal by Pope Leo XIII in the consistory of 22 June 1896.

He spent the early part of his cardinalate in now-abolished positions such as Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for Indulgences and Relics. He was named Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship. In January 1914 Pope Pius X named him to succeed Mariano Cardinal Rampolla, who had died on 13 December 1913, as Secretary of the Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office. Pope Pius X died on 20 August 1914 at the outbreak of World War I. His successor Pope Benedict XV, appointed him as Secretary of State, switching him with Rafael Merry del Val, who held this position during the pontification of Pius X and was now moved to be Secretary of the Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office. However, Ferrata died the month after his appointment as Secretary of State at age seventy. He was succeeded by Cardinal Pietro Gasparri, who kept the position until 1930, when he was succeeded by Eugenio Pacelli.

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Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Pietro Respighi
Archpriest of the Basilica of St. John Lateran
7 April 1913 – 10 October 1914
Succeeded by
Basilio Pompili
Preceded by
Mariano Rampolla del Tindaro
Secretary of the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office
3 January 1914 – 4 September 1914
Succeeded by
Rafael Merry del Val
Preceded by
Rafael Merry del Val
Cardinal Secretary of State
4 September – 10 October 1914
Succeeded by
Pietro Gasparri