Domenico Angelo

Domenico Angelo (1717 Leghorn, Italy[1] – 1802, Twickenham, England), was an Italian sword and fencing master, also known as Angelo Domenico Malevolti Tremamondo. The son of a merchant, he was the founder of the Angelo Family of fencers. He has been praised as "the first to emphasize fencing as a means of developing health, poise, and grace. As a result of his insight and influence, fencing changed from an art of war to a sport."[2]

1763 fencing print from Angelo Domenico's instruction book

TravelsEdit

He moved to Paris at the age of 27, with an eye to taking over the family business, but instead gained fencing skills under a master there, Teillagory.[3] He also had an affair with the English actress Peg Woffington, and went with her to London and Dublin. However, the affair cooled and on 5 February 1755 he instead married the 17-year-old Elizabeth Johnson (1738–1805), with whom he had several children.[3]

Fencing tuitionEdit

In England, Angelo gained the patronage of Henry Herbert, 10th Earl of Pembroke, and three years later of the dowager Princess of Wales, who appointed him as riding and fencing master to George, Prince of Wales, and his brother Edward, duke of York.[3] By then he had established Angelo's School of Arms in Carlisle House, Soho, London.[4]

In 1763 he bought Carlisle House, Soho Square, where he taught the aristocracy the fashionable art of swordsmanship. One of his tenants there was the composer Johann Christian Bach, youngest son of J.S. Bach and harpsichord instructor to the Queen.[3]

With the help of artist Gwyn Delin, he had a fencing instruction book, L'École des armes'', published in England in 1763, with 25 engraved plates demonstrating classic positions from the old schools of fencing. This placed its "emphasis on fencing as a source of gentlemanly exercise rather than as a necessary preparation for duel".[3]

In 1760, Angelo handed over his school to a son,[5] and established himself at Eton, where his family continued to teach fencing for three more generations.

FamilyEdit

By his wife Elizabeth Johnson, Angelo had at least six children:

  1. Henry Charles William, born 5 April 1756. Also a fencing master, father of Henry Charles Angelo the Younger.
  2. Florella Sophia, born 1759, Dame at Eton.
  3. Anne Caroline Eliza, born 1763.
  4. Catherine Elizabeth, born 1766, married to Mark Drury, Second Master at Harrow school, and brother of Joseph Drury, Headmaster of Harrow. She was mother to William James Joseph Drury.[6]
  5. Elizabeth Tremamondo, born 1768.
  6. George Xavier Tremamondo, born 1773.

There was perhaps also a son called Michael Angelo.

DeathEdit

He died at his daughter Florella's house at TWickenham on 11 July 1802.[3]

LegacyEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ C. Swynnerton, in O. Barron (ed.), The Ancestor, No 8, 1904 Online at Archive.org
  2. ^ Domenico Angelo at Encyclopædia Britannica.com.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Malcolm Fare, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford: OUP, 2013 (2004). Retrieved 6 February 2020.
  4. ^ F. H. W. Sheppard, ed., Survey of London volume 33, The Parish of St. Anne, Soho (north of Shaftesbury Avenue), London County Council, London: University of London, 1966, pp. 143–148, online at British History Online.
  5. ^ [1] Domenico Angelo – A Great Fencing Master of the 18th Century and Champion of the Sport of Fencing
  6. ^ "The Rev. William Drury". Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette. 21 February 1878.
  7. ^ "Tremamondo, the play (in Italian)". Archived from the original on 24 April 2012.

External linksEdit