Dolní Kounice Synagogue

The Dolní Kounice Synagogue (Czech: Synagoga v Dolních Kounicích) is a synagogue in Dolní Kounice in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It was built in 1652–1655.

Dolní Kounice Synagogue
Northern side of the synagogue
AffiliationOrthodox Judaism
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusMuseum
LocationDolní Kounice, Czech Republic

History edit

First traces of Jewish settlement in Dolní Kounice are from half of 15th century. The first written mention of a synagogue here comes from 1581. The old synagogue was located on eastern part of the village and was destroyed by Swedish troops during the Thirty Years' War in 1645.

A new one has been built in the middle of the new ghetto in 1652–1655. It was built in the Baroque style and is one of the oldest synagogues in Moravia.[1] The building has rectangular ground plan and two floors. In the middle of the 19th century, new tract was added and used to extends tribune for women.

In the early 1940s, Nazis closed down the religious services and moved the decorations to the Jewish Museum in Prague. After the war the building was used as storehouse. In 1991 it was returned, as a part of restitutions, to the Jewish community in Brno. In 1994 the synagogue was reconstructed.

Present edit

Today the synagogue hosts small collection of Jewish historical artefacts and art exhibitions.

Gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Historie města" (in Czech). Město Dolní Kounice. Retrieved 2021-11-15.

External links edit

References edit

  • Jaroslav Klenovský: "Židovská obec v Dolních Kounicích" (Jewish community in Dolní Kounice), published by the town in 1997, 44 pages.

49°4′11.8″N 16°27′49.01″E / 49.069944°N 16.4636139°E / 49.069944; 16.4636139