Dodge Monaco

The Dodge Monaco is an automobile that was marketed by the Dodge division of Chrysler Corporation. Introduced as the flagship of the Dodge product line, the Monaco was introduced for 1965 to replace the Custom 880, later superseding the Polara model line. During its production, the Monaco was offered in multiple body configurations, including two-door and four-door hardtop sedans, four-door sedans, two-door convertibles, and station wagons.

Dodge Monaco
'76 Dodge Royal Monaco Coupe (Orange Julep).JPG
1976 Dodge Royal Monaco 2-door hardtop
Overview
ManufacturerDodge (Chrysler)
Model years1965-1977 (full-size)
1977-1978 (intermediate)
1990-1992 (full-size)
Chronology
PredecessorDodge 880 (for 1965)
Dodge Diplomat (for 1982 to 1989)
SuccessorDodge St. Regis (for 1979 to 1981)
Dodge Intrepid (for 1993)

From 1965 to 1977, three generations of the Monaco were produced with the full-size Chrysler C platform. For 1977 and 1978, Dodge shifted the Monaco to the intermediate Chrysler B platform, effectively downsizing the model line. For 1979, the model line was redesigned and renamed the Dodge St. Regis.

After a 12-year hiatus, the full-size Monaco was revived for 1990 as the flagship Dodge sedan, replacing the Diplomat. A rebadged version of the AMC-developed Eagle Premier, the Monaco was replaced by the Dodge Intrepid for 1993.

First generation (1965-1968)Edit

First generation
 
1968 Dodge Monaco 500 2-door Hardtop
Overview
Production1964–1968
Model years1965–1968
AssemblyDodge Main Factory, Hamtramck, MI, United States
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size
Body style4-door wagon
4-door sedan
4-door hardtop
2-door hardtop
2-door convertible (Canada)[1][2]
LayoutFR layout
PlatformC-body
Powertrain
Engine318 cu in (5.2 L) V8 (Canada)
383 cu in (6.28 L) B V8
440 cu in (7.2 L) RB V8
Transmission3-speed manual
4-speed manual
2-speed automatic
3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase121 in (3,100 mm)
Length213.3 in (5,420 mm)
Width80 in (2,000 mm)
Height56.4 in (1,430 mm)
Chronology
PredecessorDodge 880 (for 1965)

1965Edit

On introduction on September 25, 1964, for the 1965 model year, the Dodge Monaco was intended to compete with the Pontiac Grand Prix in what came to be known as the personal luxury market, but ended up filling in for Dodge in the full-size, luxury line instead.[3]

The 1965 Monaco was based on the Custom 880 two-door hardtop body. The Monaco received special badging, different taillight and grille treatment, and a sportier interior with a full-length center console, as well as a 383 cu in (6.28 L) 325 hp (242 kW) V8 engine as standard equipment. Larger, more powerful engines were also available as options. The Monaco competed with the Ford LTD, a top-of-the-line model in the Galaxie 500 series, the Caprice package for the Impala Sport Sedan, as well as the 1966 Plymouth VIP model for its Fury series and the Ambassador DPL offered by American Motors. These models provided competition for mid-priced sedans like Chrysler, Oldsmobile, Buick, and Mercury.

In Canada, a version of the Plymouth Sport Fury was marketed as the Dodge Monaco.[citation needed] It was available in hardtop coupe or convertible body styles. The Canadian Monacos were equipped with Plymouth dashboards in 1965 and 1966.[citation needed] Unlike the U.S. Monaco versions, the Canadian Monaco were available with a 318 cu in (5.21 L) V8 or the slant six.

1966Edit

For 1966, in the U.S., the Monaco replaced the Custom 880 series and the former Monaco became the Monaco 500. The basic Monaco was available in hardtop coupe, four-door (pillarless) hardtop sedan, conventional four-door (pillared) sedan, and four-door station wagon bodystyles. In the U.S., the Monaco 500 was available only as a hardtop coupe. Although there was no convertible in the 1966 U.S. Monaco range, there was in the 1966 Canadian Monaco lineup. The Canadian Dodge hung onto the "Monaco" name for the Sport Fury equivalent and Polara 880 for the Fury III competitor.[citation needed]

1967Edit

For 1967, all full-sized Dodges, the Monaco included, received a significant facelift with all-new exterior sheet metal.[citation needed] Chief designer Elwood Engel's work featured generally flat body planes with sharp-edged accent lines. The hardtop coupes got a new semi-fastback roofline with a reverse-slanted trailing edge on the rear quarter window.

In Canada, the Monaco name was applied for 1967 to all of the premium full-sized Dodge cars, replacing the Polara 880 at the top of the Dodge line. Taking the Monaco's place as a premium full-size model was the Monaco 500, which was available only as a two-door hardtop and convertible.[citation needed]

1968Edit

Changes were minimal for 1968. The Monaco 500 was dropped at the end of the 1968 model year in the United States and at the end of the 1970 model year in Canada.[citation needed]

Second generation (1969-1973)Edit

Second generation
 
1973 Dodge Monaco 2-door hardtop
Overview
Also calledChrysler 383 (South Africa)[4]
Production1968–1973
Model years1969–1973
AssemblyDodge Main Factory, Hamtramck, MI, United States
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size
Body style4-door wagon
4-door sedan
4-door hardtop
2-door hardtop
LayoutFR layout
PlatformC-body
Powertrain
Engine383 cu in (6.28 L) B 2-bbl V8
383 cu in (6.28 L) B 4-bbl V8
440 cu in (7.2 L) RB V8
Transmission3-speed manual
4-speed manual
2-speed automatic
3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase122.0 in (3,100 mm)

1969Edit

 
1969 Monaco 500 2-door Hardtop, equipped with the optional Super-Lite projector road lamp.

For the 1969 model year, the wheelbase of the Monaco was increased from 121 inches to 122 inches, and the length was increased to about 220 inches. Returning for 1969 was the "500" option, which in the U.S. market gave the Monaco front bucket seats and a center armrest. In Canada, the Monaco 500 was a separate series that used the side trim of the Polara 500 sold in the U.S. Canadians could also buy a Monaco convertible; U.S. Dodge full-size convertible shoppers had only the lower-end Polara and Polara 500 to choose from.[citation needed]

All full-sized Dodge cars including the Monaco adopted Chrysler Corporation's new "fuselage" styling, in which the upper and lower body are melded into a uniformly curved unit. Curved side glass adds to the effect, as does the deletion of the "shoulder" along the rear. The look starts in the front of the car, with a nearly straight-across bumper—demanded by a Chrysler executive after a Congressional committee attacked him over the seeming inability of car bumpers to protect cars from extensive damage in low-speed collisions[citation needed]—and a five-segment eggcrate grille that surrounds the headlamps. When the cars failed to spark buyers' interest, Dodge executives demanded a change.[citation needed] By the summer of 1969, the division released new chrome trim for the front fender caps and leading edge of the hood as an option, which gives the appearance of a then-fashionable loop bumper without the tooling expense.[citation needed] At the rear, Dodge's signature delta-shaped taillamps were presented in a new form that required the top of the bumper to slope downward toward each end.

The standard-equipment engine on the 1969 Monaco is Chrysler's 245-horsepower (183 kW) B-block 383 cu in (6.3 L) V8 engine with a two-barrel 2245 Holley carburetor. Buyers could order the 383 with a four-barrel carburetor that increased power to 330 hp (250 kW), or they could opt for the 375-horsepower (280 kW) 440 cu in (7.2 L) Magnum RB-block engine. Wagon buyers choosing the 440 got a 350 horsepower (260 kW) version.[citation needed]

The 1969 Monaco offered, as a $50 option,[citation needed] the first modern polyellipsoidal (projector) automotive road lamp. Called "Super-Lite" and mounted in the driver's side of the grille, this auxiliary headlamp was produced in a joint venture between Chrysler Corporation and Sylvania. It uses an 85 watt halogen bulb and was intended as a mid-beam, to extend the reach of the low beams during turnpike travel when low beams alone were inadequate but high beams would produce excessive glare to oncoming drivers.[5]

Available models for 1969 included a two-door hardtop coupe, four-door hardtop sedan, four-door pillared sedan, and four-door station wagons with six- or nine-passenger capacity. A new Brougham option package included a vinyl roof on sedans and hardtops and a split-bench front seat with a reclining mechanism on the passenger side (except on the two-door hardtops). Monaco wagons received woodgrained vinyl trim along their sides and across the dual-action (side- and bottom-hinged) tailgate.[citation needed]

Sales of the Polara and Monaco were down by nearly 20,000 cars compared with 1968, with the Monaco line accounting for 38,566 of the 127,252 full-size cars made by Dodge for the year.[citation needed]

1970Edit

 
1970 Dodge Monaco 500 4 doors

The 1970 models got completely new front and rear styling that included expensive-to-make[citation needed] loop bumpers front and rear. In the front, the new bumper enclosed a new diecast grille and the headlamps. At the rear, the double-loop bumper enclosed the taillamps. Reversing lamps were moved up into the endcaps that terminated the quarter panels, in slotted body-color housings. The designers chose to emphasize the length of the hood this year, which meant that the redesigned front end grew by three inches. However, the new rear end was four inches (102 mm) shorter.[citation needed]

Improvements to the suspension were promoted as the new "Torsion-Quiet" system, which used strategically placed rubber isolators to reduce road noise and vibrations. The rear wheel track was broadened by nearly three inches as Dodge installed the rear axle that had been used only on Wagons on all 1970 Monaco models.[citation needed]

The Brougham and 500 option packages continued, as did the availability of the Super-Lite, but the 440 Magnum V8 was dropped. The 350 horsepower (260 kW) version 440, available only in wagons for 1969, became the new top engine for all Monacos. Despite all of the changes, which cost Chrysler a rather large sum of money,[citation needed] Monaco (and Polara) sales declined with 24,692 Monacos built for the model year.[citation needed]


1971Edit

 
1971 Dodge Monaco Station Wagon, rear view showing the new woodgrain trim application

The 1971 Monaco received a facelift featuring a new grille within the bumper that had been used the previous year, and other minor styling changes that were focused mainly at the rear. The Super-Lite was no longer available because of a lack of consumer interest and challenges to its legality in some states.[citation needed] A new single-loop rear bumper and larger taillamps were installed.

The 500 option package was deleted although a stereo cassette player-recorder with microphone was new on the option list. Bucket seats remained available despite the loss of the 500 package, and the Brougham package was also still available for $220, despite the addition of a separate Polara Brougham series.[citation needed]

All engines had their compression ratio reduced so they could all run satisfactorily on regular-grade gasoline. The two-barrel 383 versions still has the same power rating 245 hp (183 kW), the four-barrel 383 dropped to 290 hp (220 kW), and the 440 dropped to 320 hp (240 kW).[citation needed]

Monaco station wagons, which in 1969 and 1970 had worn their woodgrain trim on the lower bodysides, got completely new woodgrain up high on the sides, even around the windows. The new vinyl decals were translucent, allowing some of the paint color to show through.[citation needed]

Despite the power losses and mild styling change, sales slightly rose. About 900 more Monacos were built for 1971 (approximately 25,544 — an exact number is not known)[citation needed].

1972Edit

 
1972 Dodge Monaco 2-Door Hardtop

For the 1972 model year, the full-sized Dodges finally got the all-new sheetmetal that had originally been planned for 1971.[citation needed]

Setting off the new look for the Monaco was a new front end with hidden headlamps set above a completely new bumper-grille assembly. The sides of the car lost their previous plump appearance in favor of a new, lean look with a new feature line that started on the front fenders and ran back through the doors, kicking up ahead of the rear wheels. Sedan and hardtop rooflines were new and more formal-looking. At the rear, there was yet another new loop bumper and full-width taillamp which, like the rest of the car, looked much more expensive and impressive.[according to whom?] Station wagons received a new rear appearance with "stacked" vertical taillamps.

The Monaco got a smaller standard V8 for 1972. The 360 cu in (5.9 L) LA-block V8 engine, which had been introduced in 1971 as an option on Polaras, developed 210 horsepower (160 kW), now measured as net instead of gross. Still the 400 was a new created V8 B engine 400 cu in (6.6 L) B-block V8. The 440 remained available, but it now produced 275 horsepower (205 kW) (net). 1972 sales nearly matched 1969 levels, with 37,013 built for the model year.[citation needed]

1973Edit

For its last year in the fuselage body, the Monaco continued with its 1972 styling, except for another new rear bumper with redesigned taillamps, along with a new decklid and rear-quarter endcaps. Large black rubber guards were added to the bumpers to comply with new Federal five-mile-per-hour impact standards. Hardtop and sedan models gained about 6.5 in (16.5 cm) due mostly to the bumper guards.[citation needed]

Inside, new fire-retardant materials in virtually every visible part of the interior meant added safety.[citation needed] Under the hood, all three available engines gained reliability with the addition of Chrysler's new electronic ignition system as standard equipment, which extended spark plug life and virtually eliminated periodic ignition system maintenance.[citation needed]

Despite the cars' improvements, sales dropped again to 29,396.

1973 proved to be the Monaco's final year as Dodge's top-of-the-line full-size car. After 14 years, the Polara name was dropped and, for 1974, all big Dodges carried the Monaco name.

South AfricaEdit

In July 1969, Chrysler South Africa introduced a rebadged locally built version of the Dodge Monaco as the Chrysler 383. This badge remained in use for about four years, being dropped in early 1973. This was the first time that they had used the "Chrysler" badge on a locally built product in ten years. It was also one of the biggest cars built there, and had the biggest engine as well.[6] The 383 ci V8 offered 290 hp (216 kW), and the fully equipped car featured power windows and a standard vinyl roof.[6]

Third generation (1974-1977)Edit

Third generation
 
1975 Dodge Monaco 4-door sedan
Overview
Production1973–1977
Model years1974–1976
1977 (as Royal Monaco)
AssemblyDodge Main Factory, Hamtramck, MI, United States
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size
Body style4-door wagon (1974-1976)
4-door sedan (1974-1976)
4-door hardtop (1974-1975)
2-door hardtop (1974-1976)
2-door coupe (1975-1976)
LayoutFR layout
PlatformC-body
Powertrain
Engine318 cu in (5.2 L) V8
360 cu in (5.9 L) V8
400 cu in (6.6 L) V8
440 cu in (7.2 L) V8
Transmission3-speed manual
4-speed manual
3-speed automatic

1974Edit

 
1974 Dodge Monaco Brougham two-door hardtop

The full-size C-body 1974 Dodge Monaco was completely redesigned for the 1974 model year with an all-new unibody platform and all-new sheet metal. However, within days of their introduction, the 1973 oil crisis began. Chrysler was excoriated in the media for bringing out huge new cars, and sales suffered accordingly. Many in the automotive press also criticized the car's new design as being too derivative of what they thought resembled a 3-year-old Buick or Oldsmobile full-size car.[citation needed] The Dodge Polara and Polara Custom models were discontinued after the 1973 model year. The Monaco and Monaco Custom replaced them respectively. The previous Monaco was renamed Monaco Brougham. The Brougham name had was used on a luxury option package from 1969 to 1973. The hidden headlamps of the previous models were replaced by fixed headlamps on all Monacos. The standard engine on all Monacos was a 360 cu in (5.9 L) with a 2-barrel carburetor—engine options included a 360 cu in (5.9 L) with a 4-barrel carburetor, a 400 cu in (6.6 L) with a 2- or 4-barrel carburetor, and a 440 cu in (7.2 L) with a 4-barrel carburetor.

1975Edit

For the 1975 model year, changes to the base Monaco were minimal. However, the Monaco Custom was renamed the Royal Monaco, and the Monaco Brougham became the Royal Monaco Brougham. These newly named models featured hidden headlamps. 1975 was the last model year in which the four-door hardtop was available. Some models, depending on equipment and the state they were sold in, received catalytic converters to comply with increasingly strict vehicle emissions control regulations. After the start of the 1975 model year, a limited-production option for Royal Monaco Brougham coupes was introduced: the Diplomat package featured a landau vinyl roof with opera windows and a wide steel roof band. It was available in only three colors—Cold Metallic, Silver Cloud Metallic and Maroon Metallic. The standard engine on the Monaco and the Royal Monaco was a 360 cu in (5.9 L) with a 2-barrel carburetor while Royal Monaco Broughams and wagons received a 400 cu in (6.6 L) with a 4-barrel carburetor. Engine options for the Monaco and the Royal Monaco were a 400 cu in (6.6 L) with a 2- or 4-barrel carburetor and all Monacos could be upgraded to a 440 cu in (7.2 L) with a 4-barrel carburetor.[7] The car weighed over two tons with a top speed of 127 mph.[citation needed]

1976Edit

At the start of the 1976 model year, exterior changes on the full-size C-body 1976 Dodge Monaco were very minimal, though all models (including police packages) now had the former high-series front panel with hidden headlights. Chrysler's new Lean Burn system was introduced in order to reduce exhaust emissions (only on the 400 cubic inch engine). The four-door hardtop, which had been part of the Dodge Monaco line up during the previous ten model years (from 1966 to 1968, from 1969 to 1973 and from 1974 to 1975) ever since the Dodge Monaco made its debut from eleven model years earlier (1965), had been discontinued during the end of the previous model year (1975), which relegated the choice of body styles only to just three offerings, the four-door wagon, four-door sedan, two-door hardtop for the 1976 model year. A 318 cu in (5.2 L) with a 2-barrel carburetor and 150 bhp became standard on the base Monaco and the Royal Monaco Broughams and wagons were downgraded to a 400 cu in (6.6 L) with a 2-barrel carburetor, but the Royal Monaco continued with 1975's 360 cu in (5.9 L) with a 2-barrel carburetor. The 440 cu in (7.2 L) with a 4-barrel carburetor could still be ordered.

1977 (Royal Monaco)Edit

 
1977 Dodge Royal Monaco 4-door sedan

For the 1977 model year, the Monaco was effectively split into two model lines, with the Royal Monaco retaining the full-size C-platform alongside the Chrysler New Yorker, with the standard Monaco replacing the Coronet B-platform intermediate. Offered in standard and Brougham trims, the Royal Monaco was produced as a two-door hardtop sedan, four-door sedan, and five-door station wagon.[8]

For the first time, the 318 cubic-inch V8 was used as the standard engine. Outside of California, the 360 V8 (with a 2-barrel carburetor) and the 400 V8 remained available; the 440 V8 was offered as an option.[9] A 3-speed automatic was the only transmission available.[9]

The Royal Monaco was retired for 1978, as Chrysler offered the C-platform only through its namesake division.

Fourth generation (1977-1978)Edit

Fourth generation
 
1977 Dodge Monaco 4-door sedan
Overview
Production1976–1978
Model years1977–1978
AssemblyDodge Main Factory, Hamtramck, MI, United States
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size car
Body style4-door wagon
4-door sedan
2-door hardtop
LayoutFR layout
PlatformB-body
Powertrain
Engine225 cu in (3.69 L) slant 6B
318 cu in (5.2 L) V8
360 cu in (5.9 L) B V8
383 cu in (6.28 L) B V8
400 cu in (6.6 L) B V8
440 cu in (7.2 L) RB V8 (police)
Transmission3-speed manual
4-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Chronology
PredecessorDodge Coronet
SuccessorDodge St. Regis

1977Edit

The 1977 model year brought changes to the Dodge Monaco line up as a lingering result of the 1973–1974 energy crisis, especially as Chrysler decided to move the Dodge Monaco, in name form only, from the full-size C platform-body to the mid-size B platform-body line up for the 1977 model year. The entire 1977 Dodge Monaco line up received a make-over. The previous model year's full-size C-body Dodge Monaco (from 1976) became, just for one year only, the full-size C-body 1977 Dodge Royal Monaco until its discontinuation from all production during the end of the 1977 model year. The mid-size B-body 1977 Dodge Monaco four-door wagon and four-door sedan replaced the previous model year's Coronet four-door wagon and four-door sedan. The 1977 Dodge Monaco Brougham four-door sedan replaced the previous model year's Coronet Brougham four-door sedan. The 1977 Dodge Monaco Crestwood four-door wagon replaced the previous model year's Coronet Crestwood four-door wagon. However, the 1977 Dodge Monaco, for all marketing practices, were little-changed from the 1976 Coronet. The 1977 models received a revised front end design with stacked rectangular headlamps.

1978Edit

For the 1978 model year, the mid-size B-body 1978 Dodge Monaco was unchanged from the previous model year. It became Dodge's largest car during the 1978 model year. The Dodge Monaco was discontinued at the end of the 1978 model year. The B-Body cars continued in the form of the Dodge Charger until 1979.

ReplacementEdit

For 1979, the Dodge Monaco was replaced by the Dodge St. Regis, using the Chrysler R platform (a small revision of the B platform). While smaller than the 1977 Royal Monaco, the St. Regis remained the largest four-door sedan produced by an American automaker. Struggling to compete against the all-new designs of General Motors and Ford, sales of the St. Regis were heavily supported by fleets, largely including law enforcement vehicles. After 1981, the St. Regis was discontinued in favor of the Diplomat, becoming the longest-wheelbase Chrysler sedan produced until 2005.

Fifth generation (1990-1992)Edit

Fifth generation
 
1990–1992 Dodge Monaco ES
Overview
Production1989–1992
Model years1990–1992
AssemblyBrampton, Ontario, Canada
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutLongitudinal front-engine, front-wheel drive
PlatformB-body
RelatedEagle Premier/Renault Premier
Eagle Medallion/Renault Medallion
Renault 21
Renault 25
Powertrain
Engine3.0 L (180 cu in) PRV V6
Transmission4-speed automatic 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase106.0 in (2,690 mm)
Length192.8 in (4,900 mm)
Width70.0 in (1,780 mm)
Height54.7 in (1,390 mm)
Chronology
PredecessorDodge St. Regis (for 1981)
Dodge Diplomat (for 1982 to 1989)
SuccessorDodge Intrepid (for 1993)

Background and developmentEdit

In August 1987, Chrysler completed its acquisition of American Motors (AMC) Along with its ownership of the Jeep model line Eagle AWD cars and Renault Alliance and Encore, AMC was also sought after for ability to develop and engineer cars quicker (and at lower cost) than other American auto manufacturers.[10] AMC was already building Dodge Diplomats, Plymouth Gran Fury and Chrysler Fifth Avenues under contract to Chrysler beginning in 1986. Chrysler also was in bad need of production capacity and AMC had large amounts of capacity in its new Bramalea facility, Toledo Ohio and Kenosha Wisconsin production plants.

At the time of the sale, AMC was nearing the release of the Premier, a collaboration between AMC and Renault to develop a full-size car for North American markets, serving as the largest AMC-marketed sedan since the 1978 Matador. A full model line was planned for release, including a sedan, station wagon, and a two-door coupe (named the Allure).[10]

Derived from the Renault 25 (the flagship Renault model line in Europe), the Premier adopted the suspension design of the Renault/Eagle Medallion (a Renault 21 modified for North America).[11] , the exterior was styled by Giorgetto Giugiaro with the interior designed by AMC designer Richard A. Teague (in one of his final designs).[10] The Premier was available with a 2.5 L inline-4 by AMC (shared with Jeep) or a 3.0 L V6 (By PRV plc).[11]

The Eagle Premier was launched for the 1988 model year, with production beginning in September 1987. all production examples were badged as Eagles (though designated with AMC VINs). The Premier was the flagship of the Eagle model line, slotted above the Medallion and the Eagle Sport Wagon for 1988.

As part of the purchase agreement, Chrysler was contractually obligated to use 260,000 of the PRV V6 engines.[10][12] As Eagle sold less than 90,000 Premiers in its first two years of production[11], Chrysler sought to more quickly fulfill its obligation to Renault by marketing a rebadged version of the Premier under the Dodge brand.

Model overviewEdit

For the 1990 model year, the Dodge Monaco nameplate was reintroduced (after a 12-year hiatus), serving as a direct replacement for the long-running Dodge Diplomat. Slotted above the slightly smaller Dodge Dynasty, the Monaco was a rebadged version of the Eagle Premier, sold in standard LE and deluxe ES trims.

The Dodge Monaco and Eagle Premier were assembled by the Bramalea Assembly in Brampton, Ontario (opened by AMC in 1986). Although produced in Canada, Chrysler Canada did not sell the model line; following the discontinuation of the Diplomat, the largest Dodge sedan sold in Canada was the Spirit, with the Dynasty marketed as a Chrysler. For 1993, the Dodge Intrepid replaced the Monaco and the Dynasty, with the Eagle Vision replacing the Premier.

ChassisEdit

The Dodge Monaco and Eagle Premier are built on the front-wheel drive Chrysler B platform, renamed following the acquisition of AMC from Renault. Originally codenamed X-58, the chassis was the final vehicle platform of AMC and the only front-wheel drive chassis ever produced by the automaker. Sharing only its letter designation with the 1962-1979 Chrysler intermediate architecture, the B platform is derived from the Renault 25, sharing the rear torsion-bar suspension design of the Renault 21.[11]

The Dodge Monaco was fitted with four-wheel disc brakes (introduced to the Premier for 1990[10]), with anti-lock brakes (ABS) becoming added in 1991[10]. The first-generation Dodge Viper shares its rear disc brakes with the Dodge Monaco/Eagle Premier (without ABS).[10] Engineered by former Renault product engineer Francois Castaing, the B platform adopted a longitudinal engine configuration, allowing for better engine access and more stable handling.

To increase compatibility with other Chrysler vehicles (and to increase reliability[10]), the B platform shifted from Renault to Chrysler electrical components for 1990.[10]

PowertrainEdit

The Dodge Monaco was powered by the Renault-produced 3.0L "Douvrin" PRV V6, paired with a ZF-produced 4-speed automatic transmission[10]

BodyEdit

For 1990, the Eagle Premier underwent a minor revision (leading to the deletion of the Design Giugiaro badges[10]). The Dodge Monaco shared its entire body with the Premier, differing in turn signal lenses (amber instead of clear), trunklid design (gray trim between the taillamps), and the adoption of the Dodge "crosshair" grille.[10] In contrast to the Dynasty, the Monaco was a five-passenger vehicle with front bucket seats and a console-mounted shifter.

For 1991, the Monaco replaced chrome trim on all models with black or body-color trim. To streamline production, air conditioning and automatic climate control became standard.[10]

ProductionEdit

1988-1992 Chrysler B platform production[10]
Model year Dodge Monaco Eagle Premier
1988 45,546
1989 41,349
1990 7,153 14,243
1991 12,436 11,634
1992 1,960 4,730

BibliographyEdit

  • Burness, Tad, American Car Spotter's Guide (Osceola, WI: Motorbooks International, 1978 & 1981)
  • Flammang, James L. & Ron Kowalke, Standard Catalog of American Cars: 1976–1999, 3rd Ed. (Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 1999)
  • Gunnell, John, Standard Catalog of American Cars: 1946–1975, Rev. 4th Ed. (Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2002)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 100% Genuine Faux-Riginal - 1966 Dodge Monaco 500, www.hemmings.com Retrieved on 30 January 2015
  2. ^ John Gunnell, Standard Catalog of American Cars 1946–1975, Revised 4th Edition does not list a Dodge Monaco convertible for any year from 1965 to 1968
  3. ^ John Gunnell, Standard Catalog of American Cars 1946–1975, Revised 4th Edition, page 350.
  4. ^ Nassar, Troy. "Chrysler of South Africa: from 1910 Maxwell to 2013 Jeep". Allpar.com. Retrieved 2016-05-14.
  5. ^ "Chrysler/Sylvania Super-Lite turnpike beam" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-29. (8.60 MB)
  6. ^ a b Emslie, Robin, ed. (September 1969). "New Cars: Chrysler 383". Motoring Mirror. Cape Town, South Africa: Motorpress. 7 (5): 29.
  7. ^ Kelly Flory, American Cars, 1973 to 1980
  8. ^ "Directory Index: Dodge/1977_Dodge/1977_Dodge_Monaco_Brochure". www.oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2019-08-05.
  9. ^ a b "Directory Index: Dodge/1977_Dodge/1977_Dodge_Monaco_Brochure". www.oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2019-08-05.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Eagle Premier - The Accidental Dodge". www.allpar.com. Retrieved 2019-08-11.
  11. ^ a b c d "Engineering the New Cars - AMC/Renault". Popular Mechanics. 164 (10): 138–139. October 1987. Retrieved 2019-09-04.
  12. ^ "1990-1992 Dodge Monaco: Between a Rock and a Hard Sell". Autopolis. 2012-11-04. Retrieved 2019-08-11.

External linksEdit