Publisher Walter Melrose got his name on it as co-composer, as was often his practice. It enjoyed its initial popularity in the 1920s. It continues to be played by Dixieland jazz groups. It has been performed by many notable acts, such as Jelly Roll Morton, Chris Barber, Harry Connick Jr. and Dutch Swing College Band.
Doctor Jazz, as a record made by Jelly Roll Morton and his Red Hot Peppers in 1926, is a prime example of early New Orleans jazz counterpoint and collective improvisation. The number of special features, pre-written stop-time breaks and improvised solo passages in this record yield a tapestry of musical contrasts. Jazz was producing significant accomplishments in its other aspects, such as the development of the soloist, but the specifically New Orleans jazz style of collective counterpoint playing would reach its apotheosis here and in a few other 1926-7 Morton recordings.
- Jasen, David A. (2003). Tin Pan Alley: an encyclopedia of the golden age of American song Author. Taylor & Francis. p. 276. ISBN 0-415-93877-5.
- Gioia, Ted, The History of Jazz, Oxford University Press, 2011, p. 60.
- The Cambridge History of Twentieth-Century Music, September 2004, Cambridge University Press, p. 131.
- "Doctor Jazz". Internet Broadway Database. IBDB. 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2009.