Dmitry Venevitinov

Dmitry Vladimirovich Venevitinov (Russian: Дми́трий Влади́мирович Веневи́тинов; 26 September [O.S. 14 September] 1805 – March 27 [O.S. March 15] 1827) was a minor Russian Romantic poet who died (perhaps committed suicide) at the age of 21, carrying with him one of the greatest hopes of Russian literature. He was one of the Russian Schellingians.[1]

Dmitry Venevitinov
Dmitry Venevitinov.jpg
Dmitry Vladimirovich Venevitinov

(1805-09-26)September 26, 1805
DiedMarch 15, 1827(1827-03-15) (aged 21)
Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Alma materMoscow University


Of noble parentage, Venevitinov entered the Moscow University in 1824. He became a member of the circle of "wisdom-lovers" (Lyubomudry), led by Prince Vladimir Odoevsky. Venevitinov and his friends were the young Idealists who introduced into Russia the cult of Goethe and Schelling's metaphysics.

Venevitinov's poems (of which there are forty) dwell on philosophical subjects. According to D.S. Mirsky, "his diction is very pure, and his rhythms pure and majestic". In one of his better known poems, Venevitinov vainly pleaded Pushkin to address an ode to Goethe.

Venevitinov's early death was lamented by a number of Russian poets and critics. His line "Kak znal on zhizn'! kak malo zhil!" (How well he knew life! how little he did live!) was carved on his tomb at the Simonov Monastery. The Soviets had his remains moved to the Novodevichy Cemetery.



  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainBrockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (in Russian). 1906. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  • Imperial Moscow University: 1755-1917: encyclopedic dictionary. Moscow: Russian political encyclopedia (ROSSPEN). A. Andreev, D. Tsygankov. 2010. pp. 117–118. ISBN 978-5-8243-1429-8.
  • Leighton, Lauren Gray, ed. (1987) Russian Romantic Criticism: An Anthology, Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group.