Dmitry Furmanov

Dmitriy Andreyevich Furmanov (Russian: Дми́трий Андре́евич Фу́рманов; 7 November 1891, Sereda – 15 March 1926, Moscow) was a Russian writer, revolutionary and military officer.

Portrait of Dmitriy Furmanov by Sergey Malyutin


He was born to a peasant family. For three years, he attended the Realschule in Kineshma. It was there that he developed an interest in literature. He pursued his interests at the Imperial Moscow University but, after graduating in 1915, failed the state examinations.

During World War I, he served with the Red Cross. It was there he met and married Anna Steshenko [ru]. In 1917, he joined the Union of Socialists-Revolutionaries Maximalists, then became an Anarchist. He fled Moscow following the Kornilov affair and settled in Ivanovo, where he provided support to the October Revolution. In 1918, he joined the Russian Communist Party (b) and managed propaganda for the Yaroslavl Military District [ru]. The following year, he went to the Eastern Front to serve as a political worker. While there, his wife had an affair with Commander Vasily Chapayev, which resulted in him being transferred to the Turkestan Front [ru]. There, he was instrumental in helping to quash a rebellion. After that he went to Kuban, where he was seriously injured.

After his recovery, in 1921, he returned to Moscow, where he was employed by several organizations dealing with military publications and he completed his education at Moscow University. After 1923, he worked for "Gosizdat", a publisher of propaganda. He also worked for the Moscow Association of Proletarian Writers [ru] (МАПП).

He died of meningitis and is buried in Novodevichy Cemetery. In 1941, the town of Sereda, where he was born, was renamed Furmanov after him.

Despite the affair with his wife, he is best known for his novel about Chapayev. It was translated into English by George and Jeanette Kittell and issued by Foreign Languages Publishing House in 1940.


Order of the Red Banner. (1922)

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

  • The Chapayev book
  • "Dmitry Furmanov". Find a Grave. Retrieved August 30, 2010.