Djurgårdens Idrottsförening (idrottsförening meaning "sports club"), commonly known simply as Djurgårdens IF, Djurgården ([²jʉː(r)ˌɡoːɖɛn]), and (especially locally) Djurgår'n ([ˈjʉː(r)ɡɔɳ]), Dif or DIF[A] – is a Swedish sports club with several departments, located in Stockholm.
|Founded||12 March 1891|
|Based in||Stockholm, Djurgården|
|Stadium||Tele2 Arena (association football, men), Stockholm Olympic Stadium (association football, women), Hovet (ice hockey), Östermalms IP (bandy)|
|Official fan club||Järnkaminerna|
The club is named after the island Djurgården, which originally was a royal hunting park. A direct translation of Djurgården would be “deer garden” or “animal garden”. The word djur means "animal" but has the same etymology as the word “deer”.
The club was founded in 1891 by a group of young athletes living on the island Djurgården in central Stockholm. Most of the founders were from the working class, and Djurgården maintained that profile for most of its early history, in sharp contrast with middle class rivals AIK. With an original focus on winter sports and athletics, the club quickly branched into other sports, becoming one of Sweden's most successful sports clubs of the 20th and 21st century. The club started playing association football in 1899 and soon started a derby rivalry with neighbouring club AIK, the so-called tvillingderbyt.
Today the most popular sections are ice hockey and football, with 16 and 11 Swedish national championship titles respectively. Other popular sections are bandy, handball and floorball. The club has won 441 Swedish championships through 2017, with this Djurgården is the most successful sports club in Sweden, it's also more championship titles than the two main rivals AIK and Hammarby have together.
Logo and coloursEdit
The first logo of the club was a four pointed silver star in saltire, which had a shield on it with the letters DIF. This star pre-dates the similar star which Idrottsföreningen Kamraterna adopted and is using to this day. The present logo in the form of a shield in yellow, red and blue with the text D.I.F. was adopted in 1896. According to an often quoted poem by Johan af Klercker from 1908, blue and yellow stand for Sweden and red stands for love. Blue and yellow are also the colours of Stockholm.
Yellow, red and blue are the club colours. The logo is registered as a trademark and the colours are set to Pantone, CMYK and web colour values. In many sports – among them football, bandy and handball – the home jersey of the team is vertically striped in light and dark blue. Because of this, blue is usually seen as the most important of the three colours. The ice hockey team uses jerseys in one blue shade with yellow and red details.
Djurgårdens IF has a number of member departments, all of which legally are their own clubs with their own financial and sporting responsibilities but share the common name, logo and values and support each other.
- Djurgårdens IF Alpint – alpine skiing
- Djurgårdens IF Amerikansk fotboll – American football
- Djurgårdens IF Bandy – bandy
- Djurgårdens IF Bordtennisförening – table tennis
- Djurgårdens IF Boule – boule
- Djurgårdens IF Bowling – bowling
- Djurgårdens IF Boxningsförening – boxing
- Djurgårdens IF Brottningsförening – wrestling
- Djurgårdens IF Dam – women's football
- Djurgårdens IF Friidrott – athletics
- Djurgårdens IF Fäktförening – fencing
- Djurgårdens IF Golfförening – golf
- Djurgårdens IF Handboll – handball
- Djurgårdens IF Handikappfotboll – handicap football
- Djurgårdens IF Innebandy – floorball
- Djurgårdens IF Konståkningsförening – figure skating
- Djurgårdens IF Orienteringsförening – orienteering
- Djurgårdens IF Basket – basketball
- Djurgårdens IF Futsal – futsal
Fans and fan cultureEdit
Djurgården is one of the most supported clubs in Sweden, with most of its supporters living in Stockholm and the neighbouring suburbs. While other Stockholm clubs have profiled themselves as belonging to a certain borough of Stockholm, Djurgården is seen as more of a pan-Stockholm club. No reliable research exists about the spread of Djurgården supporters, but a 2015 T-shirt campaign suggests that supporters are spread fairly evenly throughout the Stockholm area.
In 1981 the main supporter club "Blue Saints" was formed, but due to its notorious fans and their bad reputation, the supporter club changed its name to Järnkaminerna, literally "The Iron Furnices" (an old nickname for Djurgården from the 1950s). Since 2005, Fabriken is Djurgården's TIFO group; they have two ultras groups: UCS (Ultra caos Stockholm) and Ultras Sthlm.
Through the years, many types of souvenirs and memorabilia has been made for the club. Stuffed toys in the form of a rabbit called Järnkanin ("Iron Rabbit") are sold, the name a pun on the word Järnkamin.
A couple of beers have been created over the years. At present, Alberget 4A is sold for Djurgårdens IF. It is named for the address of the café where the club was founded. The beer was launched in 2013 and is sold through Djurgårdshjälpen, a supporter initiative to raise money for the sports club. Originally, the beer was called Alltid oavsett ("always, no matter what"), which is a slogan often used by supporters of Djurgårdens IF. The beer is a pale lager of 5.0% abv made by Grebbestad Bryggeri on behalf of Djurgårdshjälpen and is not part of Grebbestad Bryggeri's own range of beers.
Famous Djurgården supportersEdit
- His Majesty Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden
- Fredrik Reinfeldt, former Prime Minister of Sweden
- Olof Palme, former Prime Minister of Sweden
- Lars Ohly, former party leader of Vänsterpartiet
- Joakim Thåström, musician
- Stefan Persson, former CEO of H&M
- Carl-Henric Svanberg, business leader
- Loa Falkman, opera singer
- Christer Fuglesang, astronaut, first Scandinavian in space
- Martin Soneby, Swedish comedian
- Veronica Maggio
- Robin Söderling
Organisations in close cooperationEdit
The following non-profit organisations are independent but has a close official cooperation with Djurgårdens IF:
- DIF Supporters Club (stipends for young and promising athletes etc.)
- Sällskapet Gamla Djurgårdare
- Djurgårdsandan (club values)
- DIF-arkivet (maintaining club history)
- In the media, "Djurgårdens IF" is normally abbreviated "Dif", in accordance with Swedish writing standards that state that acronyms that are pronounced as a word, as opposed to letter by letter, should be spelled with the first letter in upper case and the remaining in lower case, thus "Dif". However, some fans of the club, as well as the club itself, prefer to use only uppercase, "DIF", even though they also pronounce it as a word: [diːf].
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