|Title||overseer of all works of the king|
|Parent(s)||Khufu, pharaoh of Egypt|
Queen Meritites I
|Relatives||Sneferu and Hetepheres I (grandparents)|
several brothers and sisters
|Era: Old Kingdom|
He is mentioned on an inscription in Wadi Hammamat, his name appears in a cartouche, written after the names of Khufu, Djedefre and Khafre, preceding the name of another of his brothers, Baufra. There is no evidence that either Djedefhor or Baufra ruled as a pharaoh, even though only pharaohs' names were written in cartouches during the 4th dynasty.
The Teachings of Djedefhor, a document of which only fragments remain, is attributed to him. Djedefhor seems to have been deified after his death. The wisdom text by Djedefhor was written as advice to his son, Prince Auibra.
Djedefhor's titles were:
|imy-rȝ kȝt nbt (nt) nzwt||overseer of all works of the king||950|
|imy iz||he who is in the iz-bureau, councillor||247|
|ˁḏ-mr wḥˁw (ȝpdw)||overseer of fishers/fowlers||1323|
|mniw nḫn||protector/guardian of Hierakonpolis||1597|
|zȝ nswt n ẖt.f||King's son of his body||2912|
|smr wˁty||sole companion||3268|
Translation and indexes from Dilwyn Jones.
He was still alive during the reign of Menkaure, Khufu's grandson. Hence he must have been buried towards the end of the Fourth Dynasty. Djedefhor was buried in mastaba G 7210–7220 in the east field which is part of the Giza pyramid complex. His sarcophagus is now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
Appearance in ancient Egyptian fictionEdit
He is one of the main characters in a story included in the Papyrus Westcar. In the text of that papyrus, Djedefhor is mentioned as one who brought the soothsayer and magician called Djedi to the court of Khufu. This Djedi was inspired by real Prince Djedi, who was a son of Prince Rahotep and nephew to Khufu.
- Dodson, Aidan; Hilton, Dyan (2004). The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05128-3., p.58
- gizapyramids.org G 7220
- Dodson & Hilton, pp.54-55
- Strudwick, Nigel, The Administration of Egypt in the Old Kingdom Routledge, 1985, ISBN 0-7103-0107-3 - PDF from Digital Giza, 20 MB
- Jones, Dilwyn, An Index Of Ancient Egyptian Titles Epithets And Phrases Of The Old Kingdom 1 & 2 BAR, 2000, ISBN 1-84171-069-5.
- Porter, Bertha and Moss, Rosalind, Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings Volume III: Memphis, Part I Abu Rawash to Abusir. 2nd edition (revised and augmented by Dr Jaromir Malek, 1974. Retrieved from gizapyramids.org
- Tales of magic in Ancient Egypt