Diyarbekir Vilayet

The Vilayet of Diyâr-ı Bekr (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت ديار بكر‎, Vilâyet-i Diyarbakır)[2] was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, wholly located within what is now modern Turkey. The vilayet extended south from Palu on the Euphrates to Mardin and Nusaybin on the edge of the Mesopotamian plain.[1] After the establishment of Republic of Turkey in 1923, the region was incorporated into the newly created state.

ولايت ديار بكر
Vilâyet-i Diyâr-ı Bekr
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire
1867–1922
CUINET(1892) 2.434 Diyarbekir Vilayet.jpg
The Diyâr-ı Bekr Vilayet in 1892
CapitalDiyarbekir[1]
History 
1867
• Disestablished
1922
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kurdistan Eyalet
Diyarbakir Province
Today part of Turkey
 Syria

Ethnic groups in the Diyarbekir Vilayet based on 1914 population statistics for the Ottoman Empire

  Muslim (80%)
  Armenian (12%)
  Others (8%)

At the beginning of the 20th century, Diyarbekir Vilayet reportedly had an area of 18,074 square miles (46,810 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 471,462.[3] The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.[3]

HistoryEdit

The Vilayet of Diyarbakir was created in 1867.[4] In 1867 or 1868 Mamuret-ul-Aziz and the Kurdistan Eyalet merged with and joined the Vilayet of Diyarbakir. In 1879–80 Mamuret-ul-Aziz was separated again from the Vilayet of Diyarbakir, and turned into the Vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz.[4] It was one of the six Armenian Vilayets of the Empire.[5]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Sanjaks of the vilayet:[6]

  1. Diyarbekir Sanjak (Diyarbakır, Lice, Silvan, Derik, Beşiri)
  2. Mardin Sanjak (Mardin, Cizre, Midyat, Savur, Nusaybin and maybe Silopi)
  3. Ergani Sanjak (Maden, Palu)
  4. Siverek Sanjak (Split from Diyarbekir in 1907) (Siverek, Çermik, Viranşehir)

DemographicsEdit

The Vilayet was a place in which the Christian population was systematically massacred during World War I.

Assyrian and Armenian population in Diyarbakır Province in 1915-1916[7]
Sect Before World War I Disappeared (killed) After World War I
Armenians Gregorians (Apostolic) 60,000 58,000 (97%) 2,000
Armenian Catholics 12,500 11,500 (92%) 1,000
Assyrians Chaldean Catholics 11,120 10,010 (90%) 1,110
Syriac Catholic 5,600 3,450 (62%) 2,150
Syriac Orthodox 84,725 60,725 (72%) 24,000
Protestants 725 500 (69%) 2,150

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Diarbekr" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  2. ^ Hathi Trust Digital Library - Holdings: Salname-yi Vilâyet-i Diyarbakır.
  3. ^ a b Asia by A. H. Keane, page 460
  4. ^ a b Klein, Janet (2012). "State, Tribe, Dynasty, and the Contest over Diyarbekir at the Turn of the 20th Century". In Jorngerden, Joost; Verheij, Jelle (eds.). Social Relations in Ottoman Diyarbekir, 1870-1915. Brill. p. 172. ISBN 978-90-04-22518-3.
  5. ^ Klein, Janet (2012). "State, Tribe, Dynasty, and the Contest over Diyarbekir at the Turn of the 20th Century". In Jongerden, Joost; Verheij, Jelle (eds.). Social Relations in Ottoman Diyarbekir, 1870-1915. BRILL. p. 148. ISBN 978-90-04-22518-3.
  6. ^ Diyarbekir Vilayeti | Tarih ve Medeniyet
  7. ^ Gaunt, David. Massacres, Resistance, Protectors: Muslim-Christian Relations in Eastern Anatolia during World War I. Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2006, p. 433.
  • Hakan Özoğlu, "Kurdish Notables and the Ottoman State" SUNY, 2004

External linksEdit