Dixon, New Mexico

Dixon is an unincorporated community located in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico, United States, on New Mexico State Road 75, just east of New Mexico State Road 68, in the north-central part of the state, and is approximately 20 miles (32 km) southwest of Taos. The elevation of Dixon is 6,028 feet (1,837 m) above sea level. It is on the banks of the Embudo Creek, a tributary of the Rio Grande. Embudo Creek flows into the Rio Grande two miles (3.2 km) downstream from Dixon. The town is home to the largest population of organic farmers in the state, as well as several wineries.

Dixon, New Mexico
Dixon, NM.jpg
Dixon, New Mexico is located in New Mexico
Dixon, New Mexico
Dixon, New Mexico
Location in New Mexico
Dixon, New Mexico is located in the United States
Dixon, New Mexico
Dixon, New Mexico
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 36°11′55″N 105°53′19″W / 36.19861°N 105.88861°W / 36.19861; -105.88861Coordinates: 36°11′55″N 105°53′19″W / 36.19861°N 105.88861°W / 36.19861; -105.88861
CountryUnited States
StateNew Mexico
CountyRio Arriba
 • Total11.61 sq mi (30.06 km2)
 • Land11.53 sq mi (29.87 km2)
 • Water0.07 sq mi (0.19 km2)
6,028 ft (1,837 m)
 • Total938
 • Density81.32/sq mi (31.40/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
FIPS code35-20830

According to the 2010 Census the population is 926, with 70% of residents identifying as Hispanic. Many non-Hispanics have made their homes here since the mid-1960s.[3]


Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[4][2]


The area was inhabited by Tiwa peoples from nearby Picuris Pueblo, then settled by Spanish colonists under the 1725 Embudo Land Grant. The original name was El Puerto del Embudo de Nuestro Señor San Antonio and the grant was made in 1725, to Francisco Martín, Lázaro Córdova and Juan Márquez. The acequias (irrigation canals) were the first public works project of any land grant, so they were started immediately after settlement, on September 20, 1725, and there are 10 Historic Acequias with senior water rights on the Embudo River and one with junior water rights. On the Rio Grande there are two with senior rights and two with junior water rights. The aldea was known as San Antonio del Embudo until around 1900 when a post office was established and the name was changed to Dixon, reputedly to honor Collins Dixon, a school teacher who taught here in the late 19th century; one tradition has him being a Civil War army deserter; his descendants live around nearby Española.

Climate and wineriesEdit

Because of the temperate climate generated by the local topography and helped by the acequias (irrigation ditch system), the Embudo Valley has become a significant fruit and grape growing area and the greater Dixon area has two wineries, the La Chiripada Winery and the Vivác Winery.

Art and the Dixon Studio TourEdit

The substantial number of artists and craft people living in the area led to the 1982 creation of the Dixon Studio Tour which annually draws many visitors during the two days in November that it occupies. There are several galleries in the area, including: Rift Gallery, Rare Earth Gallery, Manifestation Arts, and Metier Fine Handweaving and Craft. Annual summer stonecarving workshops are held at Southwest Stoneworks adjacent to Rift Gallery.[5]

Points of interestEdit

About 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the town on New Mexico State Road 75, rock and mineral collectors can visit the Harding Mine, a pegmatite mine donated to the University of New Mexico by Dr. Arthur Montgomery. Maps and release forms to visit the mine can be obtained at the University of New Mexico, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, or at the Dixon home of Gilbert Griego, mine caretaker, or at the Embudo Valley Library in Dixon.[6]


Dixon is home to the community supported Embudo Valley Library, radio station KLDK-LP and the Dixon Cooperative Market, and during the summer months the Dixon Farmers' Market. It also has a retreat center, at Mission Embudo, which offers space for workshops and retreats.


It is in Española Public Schools.[7] Dixon has one elementary school, Dixon Elementary. The comprehensive public high school is Española Valley High School.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

  New Mexico portal


  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Oct 12, 2022.
  3. ^ Here s an extensive collection of statistics about Dixon and its population.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  5. ^ "Eulogio Ortega, artist, Velarde, New Mexico; Horacio Valdez's house and studio, Dixon, New Mexico". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-11-17.
  6. ^ Crow, Melinda; Shedenhelm, W. R. C. (1995). The Rockhound's Guide to New Mexico. Globe Pequot. pp. 48–50. ISBN 1560443405.
  7. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Rio Arriba County, NM" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2021-07-30.
  8. ^ "Al Hurricane, 'Godfather of New Mexico music,' dies". AP NEWS. 2017-10-23. Retrieved 2020-11-17.

External linksEdit