Diwan and divan are variant terms originally used in Persian, Arabic, and Turkish with derivates in other Asian and European languages such as diwaan, dewan, etc. (see etymology sections at Divan, Diwan (poetry) and Dewan). These terms may refer to:

Arts and entertainmentEdit

BuildingsEdit

  • Diwan-khane, guest house of the tribal chieftain in the tribal Middle Eastern, Arab, Persian, or Kurdish society
  • Divan (Mughal architecture), a type of audience hall in Mughal palaces
  • Diwaniya, a formal sitting room in Gulf Arab households

EducationEdit

Government and politicsEdit

  • Divan or Diwan, a high governmental body in many Islamic states
    • Divan-ı Hümayun, the government council of the Ottoman Empire
    • ad hoc Divans, legislative and consultative assemblies of the Danubian Principalities (Moldavia and Wallachia), vassals of the Ottoman Empire
  • Diwan, a code of laws first introduced by Sharif ul-Hāshim of Sulu
  • The Girgam or Diwan, the royal chronicle of the Kanem-Bornu Empire, written in Arabic

PeopleEdit

PlacesEdit

TitlesEdit

Other usesEdit

See alsoEdit