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The Division of Melbourne Ports was an Australian federal electoral division in the inner south-eastern suburbs of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. It was located to the south of Melbourne's central business district and covered an area of approximately 40 km2 around the north and north-eastern shores of Port Phillip Bay.

Melbourne Ports
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of MELBOURNE PORTS 2016.png
Division of Melbourne Ports in Victoria, as of the 2016 federal election.
Created1901
Abolished2019
NamesakePort Melbourne
Electors102,283 (2016)
Area40 km2 (15.4 sq mi)
DemographicInner Metropolitan

The electorate was created at the time of Australian Federation in 1901 and was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election. It is named for the fact that at the time of its creation it was centred on Port Melbourne and Williamstown, both major ports.

The electorate, formerly working class, was much more demographically diverse on its final boundaries, with rapidly accelerating inner-city gentrification and high-density housing developments in later years. It included Port Melbourne, but also included a number of middle and upper middle class suburbs such as Albert Park, Balaclava, Caulfield, Elwood, Middle Park, Ripponlea, South Melbourne and St Kilda. It was notable for having one of Australia's larger Jewish populations, at 9.9%, much higher than the nationwide 0.4%. It also had a high proportion of atheists and agnostics, with 38.8% of residents answering "No Religion" in the 2016 census, compared to 30.1% nationwide.[1] It also has a large gay and lesbian community.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
The suburb of Port Melbourne, the division's namesake

Melbourne Ports has been held by the Australian Labor Party since 1906. It has been held by only five men since 1906, most notably Jack Holloway, a minister in the Curtin government, Frank Crean, Treasurer and then Deputy Prime Minister in the Whitlam government, and Clyde Holding, a minister in the Hawke government and before then state Labor leader in Victoria.

Originally, it was anchored in the industrial suburbs in the west of the electorate, which are part of Labor's heartland in west Melbourne. On those boundaries, for decades it was one of the safest Labor seats in the country, and Labor usually easily retained it even during severe nationwide defeats for Labor. Since its extension eastwards to Caulfield and other Liberal-voting areas in the 1990 redistribution, it has become much less secure for Labor. Continuing the gradual downwards trend in the Labor primary vote, in the 2013 election, Labor was returned with a primary vote of less than 32 percent. In 2016, Labor actually suffered a primary vote swing of four percent and a two-party swing of two percent even as it nearly reduced the Coalition to minority government nationally.

In 2018, the Australian Electoral Commission proposed renaming Melbourne Ports to Macnamara, after medical scientist Dame Jean Macnamara.[2] The new name was gazetted on 13 July 2018, and was used from the 2019 federal election.[3]

MembersEdit

Image Member Party Term Notes
    Samuel Mauger
(1857–1936)
Protectionist 29 March 1901
12 December 1906
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Footscray. Transferred to the Division of Maribyrnong
    James Mathews
(1865–1934)
Labor 12 December 1906
27 November 1931
Retired
    Jack Holloway
(1875–1967)
Labor 19 December 1931
19 March 1951
Previously held the Division of Flinders. Served as minister under Curtin, Forde and Chifley. Retired
    Frank Crean
(1916–2008)
Labor 28 April 1951
10 November 1977
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Albert Park. Served as minister and Deputy Prime Minister under Whitlam. Retired
    Clyde Holding
(1931–2011)
Labor 10 December 1977
31 August 1998
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Richmond. Served as minister under Hawke. Retired
    Michael Danby
(1955–)
Labor 3 October 1998
11 April 2019
Retired after Melbourne Ports was abolished in 2019

Election resultsEdit

2016 Australian federal election: Melbourne Ports
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Owen Guest 35,533 41.90 +0.85
Labor Michael Danby 22,897 27.00 −4.67
Greens Steph Hodgins-May 20,179 23.79 +3.62
Animal Justice Robert Smyth 1,685 1.99 +1.99
Independent Peter Holland 1,393 1.64 +1.64
Marriage Equality Henry von Doussa 1,349 1.59 +1.59
Drug Law Reform Levi McKenzie-Kirkbright 1,348 1.59 +1.59
Independent John Myers 425 0.50 +0.50
Total formal votes 84,809 95.76 −0.42
Informal votes 3,756 4.24 +0.42
Turnout 88,565 86.59 −3.45
Two-party-preferred result
Labor Michael Danby 43,573 51.38 −2.18
Liberal Owen Guest 41,236 48.62 +2.18
Labor hold Swing −2.18

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2016/quickstat/CED232?opendocument
  2. ^ "Victoria gets new seat named after Malcolm Fraser, ACT gains one called Bean". ABC News. 6 April 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  3. ^ https://www.aec.gov.au/profiles/vic/macnamara.htm

External linksEdit