Division of Melbourne Ports
The Division of Melbourne Ports was an Australian federal electoral division in the inner south-eastern suburbs of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. It was located to the south of Melbourne's central business district and covered an area of approximately 40 km2 around the north and north-eastern shores of Port Phillip Bay.
Australian House of Representatives Division
|Area||40 km2 (15.4 sq mi)|
The electorate was created at the time of Australian Federation in 1901 and was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election. It is named for the fact that at the time of its creation it was centred on Port Melbourne and Williamstown, both major ports.
The electorate, formerly working class, was much more demographically diverse on its final boundaries, with rapidly accelerating inner-city gentrification and high-density housing developments in later years. It included Port Melbourne, but also included a number of middle and upper middle class suburbs such as Albert Park, Balaclava, Caulfield, Elwood, Middle Park, Ripponlea, South Melbourne and St Kilda. It was notable for having one of Australia's larger Jewish populations, at 9.9%, much higher than the nationwide 0.4%. It also had a high proportion of atheists and agnostics, with 38.8% of residents answering "No Religion" in the 2016 census, compared to 30.1% nationwide. It also has a large gay and lesbian community.
Melbourne Ports has been held by the Australian Labor Party since 1906. It has been held by only five men since 1906, most notably Jack Holloway, a minister in the Curtin government, Frank Crean, Treasurer and then Deputy Prime Minister in the Whitlam government, and Clyde Holding, a minister in the Hawke government and before then state Labor leader in Victoria.
Originally, it was anchored in the industrial suburbs in the west of the electorate, which are part of Labor's heartland in west Melbourne. On those boundaries, for decades it was one of the safest Labor seats in the country, and Labor usually easily retained it even during severe nationwide defeats for Labor. Since its extension eastwards to Caulfield and other Liberal-voting areas in the 1990 redistribution, it has become much less secure for Labor. Continuing the gradual downwards trend in the Labor primary vote, in the 2013 election, Labor was returned with a primary vote of less than 32 percent. In 2016, Labor actually suffered a primary vote swing of four percent and a two-party swing of two percent even as it nearly reduced the Coalition to minority government nationally.
In 2018, the Australian Electoral Commission proposed renaming Melbourne Ports to Macnamara, after medical scientist Dame Jean Macnamara. The new name was gazetted on 13 July 2018, and was used from the 2019 federal election.
|Protectionist||29 March 1901 –
12 December 1906
|Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Footscray. Transferred to the Division of Maribyrnong|
|Labor||12 December 1906 –
27 November 1931
|Labor||19 December 1931 –
19 March 1951
|Previously held the Division of Flinders. Served as minister under Curtin, Forde and Chifley. Retired|
|Labor||28 April 1951 –
10 November 1977
|Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Albert Park. Served as minister and Deputy Prime Minister under Whitlam. Retired|
|Labor||10 December 1977 –
31 August 1998
|Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Richmond. Served as minister under Hawke. Retired|
|Labor||3 October 1998 –
11 April 2019
|Retired after Melbourne Ports was abolished in 2019|
|Animal Justice||Robert Smyth||1,685||1.99||+1.99|
|Marriage Equality||Henry von Doussa||1,349||1.59||+1.59|
|Drug Law Reform||Levi McKenzie-Kirkbright||1,348||1.59||+1.59|
|Total formal votes||84,809||95.76||−0.42|