Division of Corangamite

The Division of Corangamite is an Australian electoral division in the state of Victoria. The division was proclaimed in 1900, and was one of the original 65 divisions to be contested at the first federal election. It is named for Lake Corangamite, although the lake no longer falls within the division's boundaries.

Corangamite
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of Corangamite 2019.png
Division of Corangamite in Victoria, as of the 2019 federal election.
Created1901
MPLibby Coker
PartyLabor
NamesakeLake Corangamite
Electors111,638 (2019)
Area5,441 km2 (2,100.8 sq mi)
DemographicProvincial

The division is located in the Western district of Victoria covering 5,441 square kilometres (2,101 sq mi). It is a mixed electorate, including the growing surf coast area, the southern suburbs of Geelong as well as rural areas to the west. Starting at Queenscliff in the east, the electorate takes in the entire Bellarine Peninsula, then runs down the surf coast to include Aireys Inlet, Anglesea, Apollo Bay, Barwon Heads, Lorne, Ocean Grove, Wye River and Torquay. The electorate then extends north into the Golden Plains Shire, where it includes the towns of Bannockburn, Lethbridge and part of Meredith.[1]

Since the 2019 federal election, the current Member for Corangamite is Libby Coker, a member of the Australian Labor Party.

HistoryEdit

 
Lake Corangamite (in the background), the division's namesake

Until the 1930s it was usually a marginal seat which leaned toward the conservative parties, but was won by the Australian Labor Party during high-tide elections. In 1918, it was the first seat won by what would become the Country Party.

It was held by the Liberals (and their immediate predecessor, the United Australia Party) without interruption from 1934 to 2007. A reasonably safe seat for most of the time from the 1950s to the 1990s, it became increasingly less safe from 1998 onward as successive redistributions pushed it further into Geelong. This resulted in the seat falling to Darren Cheeseman, the Labor candidate, by less than one percent at the 2007 federal election for the first time since 1929. Cheeseman was only the third Labor member ever to win the seat. Labor retained the seat in 2010 election against former journalist Sarah Henderson, making Cheeseman the first Labor MP to win re-election in the seat. Henderson sought a rematch in 2013, and won.

Henderson retained her seat in 2016 but a redistribution completed prior to the 2019 resulted in the seat becoming notionally Labor, albeit with a very narrow margin. As Henderson failed to gain a swing towards her at the election, she lost the seat to the Labor candidate, Libby Coker. Coker's win in 2019 was historically significant, as it marked the first time that the non-Labor parties have been in government without holding Corangamite.

Prominent members include James Scullin, who later became the Prime Minister of Australia in 1929-32; Fraser Government Minister Tony Street, and longtime Liberal backbencher Stewart McArthur.[2]

In 2018, the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) published its report on the proposed redistribution of Victoria's federal divisions. The report proposed renaming Corangamite to Cox, after swimming instructor May Cox. Incumbent MP Sarah Henderson said the new name "has already prompted some ridicule on social media".[3] In the commission's final determination, the decision was made to retain the name of Corangamite.[4]

MembersEdit

Image Member Party Term Notes
    Chester Manifold
(1852–1932)
Protectionist 29 March 1901
23 November 1903
Retired
    Gratton Wilson
(1863–1948)
Free Trade 16 December 1903
1906
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Villiers and Heytesbury. Lost seat
  Anti-Socialist 1906 –
26 May 1909
  Commonwealth Liberal 26 May 1909 –
13 April 1910
    James Scullin
(1876–1953)
Labor 13 April 1910
31 May 1913
Lost seat. Later elected to the Division of Yarra in 1922
    Chester Manifold
(1852–1932)
Commonwealth Liberal 31 May 1913
17 February 1917
Died in office
  Nationalist 17 February 1917 –
30 October 1918
    William Gibson
(1869–1955)
Victorian Farmers' Union 14 December 1918
22 January 1920
Served as minister under Bruce. Lost seat
  Country 22 January 1920 –
12 October 1929
    Richard Crouch
(1868–1949)
Labor 12 October 1929
19 December 1931
Previously held the Division of Corio. Lost seat
    William Gibson
(1869–1955)
Country 19 December 1931
7 August 1934
Transferred to the Senate
    Geoffrey Street
(1894–1940)
United Australia 15 September 1934
13 August 1940
Served as minister under Lyons, Page and Menzies. Died in office. Son is Tony Street
    Allan McDonald
(1888–1953)
United Australia 21 September 1940
21 February 1945
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Polwarth. Served as minister under Menzies and Fadden. Died in office
  Liberal 21 February 1945 –
10 June 1953
    Dan Mackinnon
(1903–1983)
Liberal 29 August 1953
31 October 1966
Previously held the Division of Wannon. Retired
    Tony Street
(1926–)
Liberal 26 November 1966
18 January 1984
Served as minister under Fraser. Resigned in order to retire from politics. Father was Geoffrey Street
    Stewart McArthur
(1937–)
Liberal 18 February 1984
24 November 2007
Lost seat
    Darren Cheeseman
(1976–)
Labor 24 November 2007
7 September 2013
Lost seat. Elected to the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of South Barwon in 2018
    Sarah Henderson
(1964–)
Liberal 7 September 2013
18 May 2019
Lost seat. Later appointed to the Senate in 2019
    Libby Coker Labor 18 May 2019
present
Incumbent

Election resultsEdit

2019 Australian federal election: Corangamite[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sarah Henderson 43,017 42.33 −1.34
Labor Libby Coker 36,047 35.47 +1.41
Greens Simon Northeast 9,184 9.04 −3.05
Independent Damien Cole 5,131 5.05 +5.05
Justice Mandy Grimley 2,724 2.68 +0.41
United Australia Neil Harvey 2,257 2.22 +2.22
Animal Justice Naomi Adams 2,143 2.11 −0.13
Rise Up Australia Ian Erskine 1,117 1.10 −0.07
Total formal votes 101,620 96.03 +0.73
Informal votes 4,196 3.97 −0.73
Turnout 105,816 94.82 +3.83
Two-party-preferred result
Labor Libby Coker 51,895 51.07 +1.04
Liberal Sarah Henderson 49,725 48.93 −1.04
Labor hold Swing +1.04

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Profile of the electoral division of Corangamite (Vic)". Current federal electoral divisions. Australian Electoral Commission. 25 September 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  2. ^ Green, Antony (11 October 2013). "Federal election 2013: Corangamite results". Australia Votes. Australia: ABC. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  3. ^ "Proposal to change Corangamite's name and boundaries". Surf Coast Times. 11 April 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  4. ^ "Names and boundaries of federal electoral divisions in Victoria decided". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  5. ^ Corangamite, VIC, Tally Room 2019, Australian Electoral Commission.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 38°14′35″S 143°49′16″E / 38.243°S 143.821°E / -38.243; 143.821