List of districts of Jammu and Kashmir

  (Redirected from Districts of Jammu and Kashmir)

The Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir consists of two divisions: Jammu Division and Kashmir Division, and is further divided into 20 districts:[1]

Districts of Jammu and Kashmir

HistoryEdit

Princely state of KashmirEdit

Prior to 1947, Kashmir was a princely state under the paramountcy of the British Indian Empire. The central part of the princely state was administratively divided into the provinces Jammu and Kashmir. In addition there were frontier districts and semi-autonomous jagirs (principalities). They were subdivided as follows:[2]

The Gilgit district and the frontier ilaqas were administered by the British administration as the Gilgit Agency, which were returned to the princely state prior to the Partition of India.

PartitionEdit

Following the independence of India and Pakistan, in October 1947, there was a Poonch rebellion as Muslims were disarmed by the orders of raja of Kashmir.So they rebelled out in the western districts of the princely state coupled with a tribal invasion, both of which were supported by the newly independent Dominion of Pakistan. The princely ruler acceded to India in return for armed assistance. India and Pakistan fought the First Kashmir War that lasted through 1948, at the end of which large parts of the three western districts of Mirpur, Poonch and Muzaffarabad, the whole of the Gilgit Agency and the Skardu sub-district of Ladakh came under Pakistani control. The remainder of the princely state has been organised as a state of India under the name Jammu Kashmir.

Inside IndiaEdit

 
District map of Jammu and Kashmir in 2015, also showing territories of the former Jammu and Kashmir controlled by other countries:
A. Gilgit
B. Ladakh (northern and eastern portions)
C. Gilgit Wazarat
D. Chilas
E. Tribal territory
F. Muzaffarabad
G. Punch (western portion)
H. Mirpur

The territory under the Indian control include:[3][4]

The districts were reorganised by 1968, breaking up some of the larger districts.[6] In 2006, eight new districts were created: Kishtwar, Ramban, Reasi, Samba, Bandipora, Ganderbal, Kulgam and Shopian.[7]

In August 2019, the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act was passed by both houses of the Indian Parliament. The provisions contained in the bill reorganised the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories; Jammu and Kashmir (union territory) and Ladakh with effect from 31 October 2019.

DistrictsEdit

Jammu DistrictEdit

Name Headquarters Before 2007[8] After 2007 Population
2001 Census[9]
Population
2011 Census[9]
Area
(km2)
Area
(km2)
Area
(sq miles)
Kathua district Kathua 2,651 2,502 966 [10] 550,084 615,711
Jammu district Jammu 3,097 2,342 904 [11] 1,343,756 1,526,406
Samba district Samba new district 904 349 [12] 245,016 318,611
Udhampur district Udhampur 4,550 2,367 914 [13] 475,068 555,357
Reasi district Reasi new district 1,719 664 [14] 268,441 314,714
Rajouri district Rajouri 2,630 2,630 1,015 [15] 483,284 619,266
Poonch district Poonch 1,674 1,674 646 [16] 372,613 476,820
Doda district Doda 11,691 8,912 3,441 [17] 320,256 409,576
Ramban district Ramban new district 1,329 513 [18] 180,830 283,313
Kishtwar district Kishtwar new district 1,644 635 [19] 190,843 231,037
7,737 2,987 [20]
Total for division Jammu 26,293 26,293 10,152 4,430,191 5,350,811

Kashmir DivisionEdit

Name Headquarters Before 2007[8] After 2007 Population
2001 Census[9]
Population
2011 Census[9]
Area
(km2)
Area
(km2)
Area
(sq miles)
Anantnag district Anantnag 3,984 3,574 1,380 [21] 778,408 1,070,144
Kulgam district Kulgam new district 410 158 [22] 394,026 422,786
Pulwama district Pulwama 1,398 1,086 419 [23] 441,275 570,060
Shopian district Shopian new district 312 120 [24] 211,332 265,960
Budgam district Budgam 1,371 1,361 525 [25] 607,181 735,753
Srinagar district Srinagar 2,228 1,979 764 [26] 1,027,670 1,269,751
Ganderbal district Ganderbal new district 259 100 [27] 217,907 297,003
Bandipora district Bandipora new district 345 133 [28] 304,886 385,099
Baramulla district Baramulla 4,588 4,243 1,638 [29] 843,892 1,015,503
Kupwara district Kupwara 2,379 2,379 919 [30] 650,393 875,564
Total for division Srinagar 15,948 15,948 6,158 5,476,970 6,907,623

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Department of Jammu & Kashmir Affairs". Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Archived from the original on 8 December 2008.
  2. ^ Karim, Kashmir The Troubled Frontiers 2013, p. 31.
  3. ^ Karim, Kashmir The Troubled Frontiers 2013, p. 29–32.
  4. ^ Behera, Demystifying Kashmir 2007, p. 15.
  5. ^ a b Snedden, Understanding Kashmir and Kashmiris 2015, p. 167.
  6. ^ Behera, Demystifying Kashmir 2007, p. 28.
  7. ^ Jammu and Kashmir to have eight new districts, Indo-Asian News Service, 6 July 2006.
  8. ^ a b "Divisions & Districts", Jamu & Kashmir Official Portal, 2012, retrieved 21 November 2020
  9. ^ a b c d Census of India 2011, Provisional Population Totals Paper 1 of 2011 : Jammu & Kashmir. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India (Report).
    Annexure V, Ranking of Districts by Population Size, 2001 - 2011 (Report).
  10. ^ District Census Handbook Kathua (PDF). Census of India 2011, Part A (Report). 18 June 2014. p. 8. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  11. ^ District Census Handbook Jammu, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 18 June 2014. pp. 13, 51, 116. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Jammu, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 13, 24. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  12. ^ District Census Handbook Samba, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 18 June 2014. pp. 9, 34, 36, 100. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Samba, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 10, 12, 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  13. ^ District Census Handbook Udhampur (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 12, 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  14. ^ District Census Handbook Reasi, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 18 June 2014. pp. 9, 37, 88. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Reasi, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 9, 13, 24. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  15. ^ District Census Handbook Rajouri, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 18 June 2014. pp. 11, 107. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Rajouri, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 9, 10, 12, 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  16. ^ District Census Handbook Punch, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 18 June 2014. pp. 9, 99. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Punch, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 11, 13, 24. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  17. ^ District Census Handbook Doda, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 18 June 2014. pp. 9, 12, 99. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  18. ^ District Census Handbook Ramban, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 18 June 2014. pp. 10, 12. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  19. ^ District Census Handbook Kishtwar, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 18 June 2014. pp. 9, 10, 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  20. ^ "About District", District Kishtwar, Government of Jammu and Kashmir, archived from the original on 7 August 2020
  21. ^ District Census Handbook Anantnag, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. p. 9. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Anantnag, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. pp. 12, 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  22. ^ District Census Handbook Kulgam, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. p. 10. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Kulgam, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 12, 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    Part B page 12 says the are of the district is 404 sq km, but page 22 says 410 sq km.
  23. ^ District Census Handbook Pulwama, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 12, 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  24. ^ District Census Handbook Shupiyan, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. p. 10. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Shupiyan, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 12, 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    Part B pages 12 and 22 say the district area is 312.00 sq km, but Part A page 10 says 307.42 sq km.
  25. ^ District Census Handbook Badgam, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. pp. 10, 46. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Badgam, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 11, 12, 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    Part A says the district area is 1371 sq km, Part B says 1371 sq km (page 11) and 1361 sq km (page 12s and 22).
  26. ^ District Census Handbook Srinagar, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. pp. 11, 48. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    Part A page 48 says the district area was 2228.0 sq km in 2001 and 1978.95 sq km in 2011.
  27. ^ District Census Handbook Ganderbal, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. pp. 11, 12 and 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    Part B page 11 says the district area is 393.04 sq km, but pages 12 and 22 say 259.00 sq km.
  28. ^ District Census Handbook Bandipora, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. pp. 10, 47. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Bandipora, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 11, 20. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  29. ^ District Census Handbook Baramulla, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. p. 11. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Baramulla, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. p. 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  30. ^ District Census Handbook Kupwara, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. p. 7. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Kupwara, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 11, 12. Retrieved 21 November 2020.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit