List of municipalities in Georgia (country)

A municipality (Georgian: მუნიციპალიტეტი, romanized: munitsip'alit'et'i) is a subdivision of Georgia, consisting of a settlement or a group of settlements (community, თემი, temi), which enjoy local self-government. A total of 69 municipalities are registered as of January 2019.[1] Five municipalities are entirely located in breakaway Abkhazia and South Ossetia, and are effectively not governed by Tbilisi. The remaining 64 are divided over five self-governing cities (ქალაქი, kalaki) and 59 self-governing communities. Municipalities can be subdivided into administrative units, referred to as a community (თემი, temi).

BackgroundEdit

The municipalities were first established in 2006. Most of them were successors to the earlier subdivisions, known as raioni (რაიონი), "districts". In addition, new municipalities were formed to govern those settlements in the disputed entities of Abkhazia and South Ossetia that at the time remained under Georgia's control. After the Russo-Georgian War of 2008, Georgia treats these municipalities as parts of its occupied territories. The former districts not under Georgia's effective sovereignty at the moment of the local government reform of 2006 were not transformed into municipalities. Rather, the laws of Georgia include a notion that the final mode of subdivision and system of local self-government should be established after the restoration of the state jurisdiction over the occupied territories.[2][3] Each municipality is divided into administrative units (ადმინისტრაციული ერთეული), which can comprise one or several settlements.[4]

The municipalities outside the two autonomous republics of Adjara and of Abkhazia and the capital city of Tbilisi are grouped, on a provisional basis, into nine regions (mkhare): Guria, Imereti, Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, and Shida Kartli.[2]

List of municipalities as of 2019Edit

Regions, municipalities, and districts of Georgia
Municipality as of 2019 Corresponding district before 2006 Population
(01.01.2021)[5]
Georgia 3,728,573
Tbilisi, City of 1,202,731
Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia a n.a.e
1. Azhara (Upper Abkhazia) Municipality b n.a.e
Gagra a n.a.e
Gali a n.a.e
Gudauta a n.a.e
Gulripshi a n.a.e
Ochamchire a n.a.e
Sokhumi a n.a.e
Autonomous Republic of Adjara 354,905
1. Batumi, City of 172,063
2. Keda Municipality Keda District 16,700
3. Kobuleti Municipality Kobuleti District 71,843
4. Khelvachauri Municipality Khelvachauri District 52,737
5. Khulo Municipality Khulo District 26,626
6. Shuakhevi Municipality Shuakhevi District 14,936
Region of Guria 107,101
1. Chokhatauri, Municipality of Chokhatauri District 17,851
2. Lanchkhuti Municipality Lanchkhuti District 29,893
3. Ozurgeti Municipality Ozurgeti District 59,357
Region of Imereti 481,473
1. Kutaisi, City of 134,378
2. Baghdati Municipality Baghdati District 18,363
3. Vani Municipality Vani District 21,241
4. Zestaponi Municipality Zestaponi District 55,142
5. Terjola Municipality Terjola District 31,427
6. Samtredia Municipality Samtredia District 43,448
7. Sachkhere Municipality c Sachkhere District c 34,848
8. Tkibuli Municipality Tkibuli District 17,898
9. Tsqaltubo Municipality Tskkaltubo District 46,803
10. Chiatura Municipality Chiatura District 38,231
11. Kharagauli Municipality Kharagauli District 18,571
12. Khoni Municipality Khoni District 21,123
Region of Kakheti 309,578
1. Akhmeta Municipality Akhmeta District 28,853
2. Gurjaani Municipality Gurjaani District 51,814
3. Dedoplis Tskaro Municipality Dedoplis Tskaro District 20,677
4. Telavi Municipality Telavi District 55,113
5. Lagodekhi Municipality Lagodekhi District 41,152
6. Sagarejo Municipality Sagarejo District 52,335
7. Sighnaghi Municipality 29,177
8. Qvareli Municipality Qvareli District 30,457
Region of Mtskheta-Mtianeti 93,389
1. Akhalgori Municipality a Akhalgori District a n.a.e
2. Dusheti Municipality Dusheti District 26,328
3. Tianeti Municipality Tianeti District 10,274
4. Mtskheta Municipality Mtskheta District 53,006
5. Kazbegi Municipality Kazbegi District 3,781
Region of Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti 28,500
1. Ambrolauri Municipality Ambrolauri District 10,405
2. Lentekhi Municipality Lentekhi District 4,027
3. Oni Municipality c Oni District c 5,563 d
4. Tsageri Municipality Tsageri District 8,505
Region of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti 308,358
1. Poti, City of 41,536
2. Abasha Municipality Abasha District 19,560
3. Zugdidi Municipality Zugdidi District 99,542
4. Martvili Municipality Martvili District 31,495
5. Mestia Municipality Mestia District 9,447
6. Senaki Municipality Senaki District 34,315
7. Chkhorotsku Municipality District 21,361
8. Tsalenjikha Municipality Tsalenjikha District 23,296
9. Khobi Municipality Khobi District 27,806
Region of Samtskhe-Javakheti 151,110
1. Adigeni Municipality Adigeni District 16,092
2. Aspindza Municipality Aspindza District 10,587
3. Akhalkalaki Municipality Akhalkalaki District 41,026
4. Akhaltsikhe Municipality Akhaltsikhe District 39,463
5. Borjomi Municipality Borjomi District 24,998
6. Ninotsminda Municipality Ninotsminda District 18,944
Region of Kvemo Kartli 437,347
1. Rustavi, City of 130,072
2. Bolnisi Municipality Bolnisi District 56,036
3. Gardabani Municipality Gardabani District 80,329
4. Dmanisi Municipality Dmanisi District 20,922
5. Tetri Tsqaro Municipality Tetritsqaro District 22,485
6. Marneuli Municipality Marneuli District 107,824
7. Tsalka Municipality Tsalka District 19,679
Region of Shida Kartli 254,081
1. Gori Municipality c Gori District c 120,569 d
2. Kaspi Municipality Kaspi District 41,795
3. Kareli Municipality c Kareli District c 40,689 d
4. Khashuri Municipality Khashuri District 51,028
5. Eredvi Municipality b n.a.e
6. Tighvi Municipality b n.a.e
7. Kurta Municipality b n.a.e
Java District a n.a.e
 
Georgian administrative divisions with Russian-occupied territories (Abkhazia and South Ossetia) shown in pink.

a – Territories in Abkhazia or South Ossetia outside of Georgia's control and defined by Georgia as "occupied territories".

b – Temporary administrative-territorial unit, entirely located in South Ossetia or Abkhazia outside of Georgia's control. Defined by Georgia as "occupied territories". Municipal body formally in Tbilisi.

c – Municipalities which include at least some settlements in South Ossetia outside of Georgia's control that are defined by Georgia as "occupied territories".

d – Official statistics available only for those parts of the municipalities that are controlled by Georgia.

e – Official statistics are not available for the territories not under Georgia's control (Abkhazia and South Ossetia).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Registry of Municipalities" (in Georgian). National Agency of Public Registry. Retrieved 22 December 2021.
  2. ^ a b "ტერიტორიული მოწყობა და მმართველობა (Territorial Structure and Government)" (in Georgian). Administration of the President of Georgia (Saakashvili Archive). Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 22 December 2021.
  3. ^ "ადგილობრივი თვითმმართველობის კოდექსი [Code of Local Self-Government]". Organic law No. 1958-IIს of 5 February 2014 (in Georgian). Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Transparency remains a challenge for self-governing cities". Transparency International Georgia. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  5. ^ "Population and Demography - Population as of 1 January (2021) by regions and urban-rural settlements". National Statistics Office of Georgia (Geostat). Retrieved 22 December 2021.