List of districts of Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh, a state of India, has 28 administrative districts. At the time of separation from Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh originally had 16 districts. Two new districts: Bijapur and Narayanpur were carved out on May 11, 2007 and nine new districts on Jan 1, 2012. The new districts have been created by carving out the existing districts to facilitate more targeted, focused and closer administration. These districts have been named Sukma, Kondagaon, Balod, Bemetara, Baloda Bazar, Gariaband, Mungeli, Surajpur and Balrampur The newest district, Gaurela-Pendra-Marwahi, was inaugurated on 10 February 2020.
A district of an Indian state is an administrative geographical unit, headed by a district magistrate or a deputy commissioner, an officer belonging to the Indian Administrative Service. The district magistrate or the deputy commissioner is assisted by a number of officials belonging to different wings of the administrative services of the state.
A superintendent of Police, an officer belonging to Indian Police Service is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues.
Before Indian independence, present-day Chhattisgarh state was divided between the Central Provinces and Berar, a province of British India, and a number of princely states in the north, south, and east, which were part of the Eastern States Agency.
The British province encompassed the central portion of the state, and was made up of three districts, Raipur, Bilaspur, and Durg, which made up the Chhattisgarh Division of the Central Provinces. Durg District was created in 1906 out of the eastern portion of Raipur District.
The northern portion of the state, comprising present-day Koriya, Surajpur, Surguja, Jashpur, and Raigarh districts, was divided among the six princely states of Chang Bhakar, Jashpur, Koriya, Surajpur, Raigarh, Surguja, and Udaipur. To the east the states of Nandgaon, Khairagarh, and Kawardha comprised parts of present-day Rajnandgaon and Kawardha districts. In the south, the state of Kanker comprised the northern portion of present-day Kanker District, and the state of Bastar included present-day Bastar and Dantewada districts and the southern part of Kanker District.
After Indian Independence, the princely states were merged with the Central Provinces and Berar to form the new state of Madhya Pradesh. Present-day Chhattisgarh comprised seven districts of Madhya Pradesh. The former states of Kanker and Bastar formed the new Bastar District, the parts of Surguja, Korea, and Chang Bhakar formed the new Surguja District, and the states of Nandgaon, Khairagarh, and Kawardha formed the new Rajnandgaon District.
In 1998, the seven districts that make up present-day Chhattisgarh were reorganized to form 16 districts. Dantewada and Kanker districts were split from Bastar; Dhamtari District was split from Raipur; Janjgir-Champa and Korba districts were split from Bilaspur; Jashpur District was split from Raigarh; Kawardha District was formed from parts of Bilaspur and Rajnandgaon; Koriya and Surajpur District was split from Surguja; and Mahasamund District was split from Raipur.
On 1 November 2000, these 16 districts were split from Madhya Pradesh to form the new state of Chhattisgarh. Two new districts were added afterwards. On 1 January 2012, the Chhattisgarh government announced 9 new districts, for a total of 27. On 15 August 2019, the Chhattisgarh chief minister announced the creation of Chhattisgarh's 28th district, Gaurela-Pendra-Marwahi, which would be carved out of Bilaspur district. On 10 February 2020, the new district was inaugurated.
Districts of ChhattisgarhEdit
Districts grouped by divisionsEdit
Districts with their major citiesEdit
- "2 new districts formed in Chhattisgarh". May 12, 2007.
- Anita (2 January 2012). "Chhattisgarh gets New Year gift - 9 new districts!". Oneindia. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
- Creation of Chhattisgarh Government of Chhattisgarh.
- "I-day: OBC quota to go up in C'garh; new district announced". Business Standard. PTI. 15 August 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "Bhupesh Baghel inaugurates Gaurela-Pendra-Marwahi as Chhattisgarh's 28th district". India Today. Press Trust of India. 11 February 2020. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
- "Electoral rolls". Office of the Chief Electoral Officer, Chhattisgarh. Archived from the original on 2012-03-05.
- Chhattisgarh at a glance-2002 Archived 2012-04-04 at the Wayback Machine Govt. of Chhattisgarh ofiicial website.
- List of Chhattisgarh District Centres Archived 2012-02-20 at the Wayback Machine at NIC, Chhattisgarh official Portal
- Mathew, K.M. (ed.). Manorama Yearbook 2008, Kottayam: Malayala Manorama, ISSN 0542-5778, p.518
- "Gaurela-Pendra-Marwahi to become Chhattisgarh's 28th district on February 10". The New Indian Express. Express News Service. 31 December 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
- "Gaurela-Pendra-Marwahi inaugurated as C'garh's 28th district". Business Standard. Press Trust of India. 10 February 2020. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
- Alanga, Sanjaya. छत्तीसगढ़ की पूर्व रियासतें और जमीन्दारियाँ [The former princely states of Chhattisgarh and Jmindariya] (in Hindi). Raipur: Vaibhav Prakashan. ISBN 81-89244-96-5.
- Alanga, Sanjaya. Chattīsagaṛha kī janajātiyām̐ aura jātiyām̐ [Tribes and castes of Chhattīsgarh] (in Hindi). Delhi: Mansi Publication. ISBN 978-81-89559-32-8.