District Development Council

A District Development Council (abbreviated as DDC), is a form of elected local government in Jammu and Kashmir facilitated by the Jammu and Kashmir Panchayati Raj Act, 1989 and created under Jammu and Kashmir Panchayati Raj Rule, 1996 of the constitution of India. They are primarily aimed at electing the members from the rural and urban areas for the District Planning Committee and the councils themselves with fourteen members from each district for speedy development and economic upliftment.[1][2]

Each council is headed by an additional district development commissioner (Additional D. C.) as an chief executive officer and the chairperson of the council representing the district. It works at district-level for the term of five years until new DDC elections are announced or held. It also replaced District Planning and Development Boards (DDB), which was implemented in erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir in 1954 to perform its functions such as formulation of periodic and annual plans for the development of a district.[1]

Political AllianceEdit

Government (152)

  •   PAGD  (102)
  •   IND  (50)

Opposition (75)

Others (51)

BackgroundEdit

District Development Councils were first introduced by the Ministry of Home Affairs on 16 October 2020, fourteen months after the special status of Jammu and Kashmir was revoked by the parliament of India on 5 August 2019, leading the government of India to limit the powers of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly and to run the union territory under the union government's rule administered by a lieutenant governor.[3]

DDCs supervises, implement, sponsor and prepare for five main fields such as welfare, health, education, finance, public works and development intended to ensure the community development of a representing district.

DDCs before 2020 electionsEdit

DDCs have been existent in Jammu and Kashmir before the 2020 elections in the form of District Planning and Development Boards, but their members were not elected and rather selected by the state government of the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir. In 2020, Government of India decided to hold elections to these councils in order to bring more democracy at the Panchayati raj level and have its members more accountable to the people.

2020 DDC electionsEdit

The first DDC elections in the history of Jammu and Kashmir were held from 28 November 2020 in eight phases across the two-hundred and eighty DDC constituencies. People's Alliance for Gupkar Declaration (PAGD) won 110 seats while BJP emerged as the single largest party by winning 75 seats.[4] But later on 19 January, the JKPC left the PAGD, which brought down the PAGD's seat tally from 110 to 102, as JKPC had won 8 seats.[5]

2020 Jammu & Kashmir DDC Election Detailed Results
Alliance Party Seats +/- %
PAGD
JKNC 67   67
JKPDP 27   27
CPI(M) 5   5
JKPM 3   3
JKANC 0  
None BJP 75   75
Independents 50   50
INC 26   26
JKAP 12   12
JKPC 8   8
JKPDF(S) 2   2
JKNPP 2   2
BSP 1   1
Total 278/280   278 51.76%

Some of the opposition's leaders of Jammu and Kashmir were arrested under detention laws prior to the elections.[6]

The counting of votes in two DDC constituencies has been kept in abeyance as two of the candidates in them are reportedly from Pakistani administered Azad Kashmir.[7]

DDC ChairmanEdit

Every DDC consists of a DDC Chairman and Vice-Chairman. The elections for this post in each DDC began from 6 February 2021 till 20 February 2021. Since each DDC has 14 members, the winning candidate requires the support of minimum 8 DDC members in that council. The election for this post also requires quorum which is minimum of 10 members for the election to take place.

Defections of elected candidatesEdit

The elected members of DDC defected from one party to another as the process of voting for the post of DDC Chairman and Vice-Chairman began. 2 elected DDC members from Jammu & Kashmir National Conference left the party and joined Jammu and Kashmir Apni Party. Apart from this several independent DDC members also joined Jammu and Kashmir Apni Party before the voting for DDC Chairman had begun.

CompositionEdit

DDC works jointly with District Planning Committee (DPC) and Block Development Council from each district. A council consists of fourteen members elected from the countryside and also from the built-up areas where needed or approved by the Election Commission of India. Its chairperson and vice-chairperson are selected by its members; however all the elected members, including chairperson and vice-chairperson are literally headed by a government revenue officer such as additional district development commissioner.[8]

Since it works jointly with the other committees or councils, a jurisdiction's DDC consists of a member of parliament, member of state legislator, chairperson of town hall or municipal committee, and the president of a municipal corporation.[8]

DDC ChairpersonsEdit

S.No District Chairperson Vice-Chairperson Political Party Alliance Reference(s)
1 Srinagar Aftab Malik Bilal Ahmad Jammu and Kashmir Apni Party Nil [9]
2 Shopian Bilquees Bano Irfan Manhas
3 Jammu Bharat Bhushan Suraj Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
4 Kathua Col (Retd) Mahan Singh Raghunandan Singh [10]
5 Doda Dhananter Singh Kotwal Sangeeta Bhagat
6 Reasi Saraf Singh Nag Sajra Qadir (IND.)
7 Samba Keshav Dutt Sharma Balwan Singh
8 Udhampur Lal Chand Bhagat Juhi Singh Manhas
9 Budgam Nazir Ahmad Khan Nazir Jahara (NC) Independent politician
10 Poonch Tazeem Akhter Md Ashfaq
11 Baramulla Safina Baig Sanaullah Parray Jammu & Kashmir People's Conference
12 Kupwara Irfan Panditpuri Haji Md Farooq
13 Kishtwar Pooja Thakur Saima Parveen (INC) Jammu & Kashmir National Conference People's Alliance for the Gupkar Declaration
14 Ganderbal Nuzhat Ishfaq Bilal Sheikh (PDP)
15 Anantnag Yousuf Gorsi Javaid Ahmad (PDP)
16 Bandipore Abdul Gani Bhat Kounser Shafeeq (JKPC)
17 Ramban Dr. Shamshada Bano Rabia Hamid (IND.)
18 Rajouri Naseem Liaqat Shabir Khan (INC)
19 Pulwama Syed Bari Andrabi Mukhtar Ahmad (NC) Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
20 Kulgam Mohd Afzal Parray Shazia Jan (NC) Communist Party of India (Marxist) [11]

FunctionsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "What are District Development Councils (DDCs)? – Civilsdaily". www.civilsdaily.com.
  2. ^ Staff Writer (26 December 2020). "J-K people came out and voted for development: PM Modi on DDC elections". mint. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  3. ^ Rashid, Hakeem Irfan. "ET in the classroom: All about J&K's District Development Council polls" – via The Economic Times.
  4. ^ "DDC elections results | J&K DDC poll result: PAGD wins 110 seats, BJP 75; counting deferred in 2 seats as candidates belong to PoK". Times Now News. 23 December 2020. Archived from the original on 22 December 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  5. ^ "Sajad Lone's People's Conference exits Farooq Abdullah-led Gupkar alliance". frontline.thehindu.com. 19 January 2021. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  6. ^ Fareed, Rifat. "Key Kashmir political leaders arrested by India since August 5". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  7. ^ "counting deferred in 2 seats as candidates belong to PoK". www.timesnownews.com. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  8. ^ a b c "District Development Councils (DDC): Why parties think this new layer of governance will kill politics in J&K". 20 October 2020.
  9. ^ "DDC chairperson election: PAGD faces defeat in Sgr as AP candidates emerge victorious". The Chenab Times. 6 February 2021. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  10. ^ "निर्विरोध चुने गए कर्नल महान सिंह डीडीसी के चेयरमैन". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). 7 February 2021. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  11. ^ Ashiq, Peerzada (6 February 2021). "BJP-Apni Party combine dents Gupkar Alliance's DDC prospects". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 21 February 2021.

Further readingEdit