Disraeli Gears is the second studio album by the British rock band Cream. It was released in November 1967 and went on to reach No. 5 on the UK Albums Chart. It was also the group's American breakthrough, becoming a massive seller in 1968, and reaching No. 4 on the American charts. The album was No. 1 for two weeks on the Australian album chart and was listed as the No. 1 album of 1968 by Cash Box in the year-end album chart in the United States. The album features the two singles "Strange Brew" and "Sunshine of Your Love," as well as their respective B-sides "Tales of Brave Ulysses" and "SWLABR."
|Studio album by|
|Released||2 November 1967|
|Studio||Atlantic, New York City|
|Singles from Disraeli Gears|
The original 11-track album was remastered in 1998, and then subsequently released as a two-disc Deluxe Edition in 2004.
- 1 Background
- 2 Artwork
- 3 Musical style
- 4 Reception
- 5 Track listing
- 6 Personnel
- 7 Charts
- 8 Certifications
- 9 Release history
- 10 References
- 11 External links
You know how the title came about – Disraeli Gears – yeah? We had this Austin Westminster, and Mick Turner was one of the roadies who'd been with me a long time, and he was driving along and Eric [Clapton] was talking about getting a racing bicycle. Mick, driving, went 'Oh yeah – Disraeli gears!' meaning derailleur gears...We all just fell over...We said that's got to be the album title.
The album was recorded at Atlantic Studios in New York during May 1967, following the band's nine shows as part of Murray the K's "Music in the 5th Dimension" concert series. Cream's American label, ATCO, was a wholly owned subsidiary of Atlantic Records.
The sessions were produced by future Mountain bassist Felix Pappalardi – who co-wrote the tracks "Strange Brew" and "World of Pain" with wife Gail Collins – and were engineered by Tom Dowd – who would later work with Clapton on projects such as Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs and 461 Ocean Boulevard. Atlantic Records owner Ahmet Ertegun was also present during the sessions.
According to Dowd the recording sessions took only three and a half days, a feat considering the length of the album. The band's visas expired on the very last day of recording.
The "Disraeli Gears Deluxe Edition" includes the complete album in both mono and stereo, demos, alternative takes and tracks taken from the band's live sessions on BBC radio. Included is an outtake of "Blue Condition" with Eric Clapton on lead vocals and demos of the songs "Weird of Hermiston" and "The Clearout" which were not released until Jack Bruce's first solo album "Songs for a Tailor".
The cover art was created by Australian artist Martin Sharp who lived in the same building as Clapton, The Pheasantry in Chelsea. Sharp would go on to create the artwork to Cream's next album Wheels of Fire and co-wrote the songs "Tales of Brave Ulysses" and The Savage Seven movie theme "Anyone for Tennis" with Clapton. The photography was by Bob Whitaker, known for works by The Beatles including the controversial Yesterday and Today "butcher" cover. Most of the photographs were taken in July of 1967, with shoots in London's Hyde Park as well as in the Scottish Highlands. Some of the images were shot on Ben Nevis, the tallest mountain in the British isles. The photos show a clean-shaven Clapton with a bouffant, permed hairstyle. By the time of the album's release in November, however, he was letting his hair grow out straight and had grown a moustache.
The front cover consists of a psychedelic collage with the title centred and band name below, surrounded by a floral arrangement. Martin Sharp was attempting to capture the sound of the music in the cover, which he describes as a "warm fluorescent sound":
I got hold of a publicity shot and cut it up, along with cutouts from various books, laid the pieces out and stuck them together as a collage on a 12-inch square. I did some drawing outlines, and then painted all over it with fluorescent inks and paints of the time. I really wanted to capture that warm, electric sound of their music in the colours and expression of the cover. On my way to England, I'd gone [to Cambodia]. And in one of the towns I visited, there were these amazing sculptures with faces on each side, and huge trees growing out on top… Over the years, these great trees had taken root and grown. I suppose I thought that was a bit like the band: where you could see three faces, and the music coming out of their heads.
The cover art was later used for the compilation Those Were the Days.
Disraeli Gears features the group veering away, quite heavily, from their blues roots and indulging in more psychedelic sounds, in particular on tracks such as "Tales of Brave Ulysses," "SWLABR," "World of Pain," and "Dance the Night Away," the latter of which features a 12-string guitar (the only time the instrument would be used on a Cream recording). The most blues-like tunes on the album are Clapton's arrangement of "Outside Woman Blues", the Bruce-Brown composition "Take it Back" which had been inspired by the contemporary media images of American students burning their draft cards which featured harmonica work by Jack Bruce, and the opening track "Strange Brew" which was based on a 12-bar blues song called "Lawdy Mama" and featured an Albert King guitar solo, copied note for note.
Unlike the previous Fresh Cream, which was vocally dominated by Bruce, the vocals on Disraeli Gears were a more democratic affair. Clapton sings lead on "Strange Brew" and "Outside Woman Blues" and co-lead on "World of Pain," "Dance the Night Away," and "Sunshine of Your Love." Baker, meanwhile, performs lead vocals on his composition "Blue Condition." All three band members sing together on "Mother's Lament."
In contrast to much of the band's other work, Disraeli Gears is composed mainly of short, self-contained songs, with none of the improvisation and jamming the band was known for onstage.
|The Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|Great Rock Discography|||
Writing for the BBC, Chris Jones described the album as "a perfect encapsulation of the point where the blues got psychedelic and in turn got heavy". Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic describes the album as "a quintessential heavy rock album of the '60s". Dave Swanson of Ultimate Classic Rock believes the album to be "their masterpiece".
In 2003 the album was ranked No. 114 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, maintaining the rating in a 2012 revised list. VH1 also named it their 87th greatest album of all time in 2001. In 2008, the album won a Classic Rock Roll of Honours Award for Classic Album.
|1.||"Strange Brew"||Eric Clapton||2:46|
|2.||"Sunshine of Your Love"||Jack Bruce, with Clapton||4:10|
|3.||"World of Pain"||Clapton and Bruce||3:03|
|4.||"Dance the Night Away"||Clapton and Bruce||3:34|
|5.||"Blue Condition"||Ginger Baker||Ginger Baker||3:29|
|1.||"Tales of Brave Ulysses"||Bruce||2:46|
|3.||"We're Going Wrong"||Bruce||Bruce||3:26|
|4.||"Outside Woman Blues"||Arthur Reynolds, arr. Clapton||Clapton||2:24|
|5.||"Take It Back"||Bruce||3:05|
|6.||"Mother's Lament"||Traditional, arr. Bruce, Clapton, Baker||Baker, Clapton, and Bruce||1:47|
Disraeli Gears – deluxe edition (2004)Edit
Disc one (stereo)Edit
Disc two (mono)Edit
- Ginger Baker – drums, percussion, vocals
- Jack Bruce – bass, piano, vocals, harmonica
- Eric Clapton – lead guitar, rhythm guitar, 12-string guitar, vocals
|Finland (Finnish Albums Chart)||1|
|UK (Top 40 Albums)||5|
|Norway (Top 40 Albums)||16|
|US Billboard 200||4|
|US Cash Box Top 100 Pop Albums Year-End Chart||1|
|Australia Australian Albums Chart (Kent Music Report)||1|
|Canada (Top 50 Albums)||10|
|Greece (Top 50 Albums)||29|
|Billboard Hot 100||UK Top 40|
|June 1967||"Strange Brew"/"Tales of Brave Ulysses"||-||No. 17|
|October 1967||"Sunshine of Your Love"/"SWLABR"||No. 5||No. 25|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Gold||100,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Platinum||1,000,000^|
^shipments figures based on certification alone
|United Kingdom||November 1967||Reaction Records||mono LP||593 003|
|stereo LP||594 003|
|United States||November 1967||Atco Records||mono LP||33-232|
|stereo LP||SD 33-232|
|Germany||November 1967||Polydor Records||stereo LP||184 105|
|Japan||May 1968||Polydor Records||stereo LP||MP-1390|
|United States||1977||RSO Records||LP||RS 1–3010|
|United States||1986||Polydor Records||CD||823 636-2|
|United States||2004||Polydor Records/Chronciles||Deluxe Edition CD||B0003331-02|
|United Kingdom||2004||Polydor Records||Deluxe Edition CD||0602498193129|
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- Cream, Disraeli Gears (1967)
- Cream, Disraeli Gears – Deluxe Edition (2004)