Disproportionate assets is a term used in India to describe a situation where an individual's net economic assets significantly exceed the assets he or she should possess after accounting for the assets that he or she previously held and all legal sources of income. Disproportionate assets cases are investigated by the CBI Central Bureau of Investigation and the Income Tax Department.
The concept is extensively used to initiate corruption investigations against public servants and elected politicians in India, and has been codified in several pieces of national- and state-level legislation, including the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
On 29 September 2014, J Jayalalithaa, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, was convicted of disproportionate assets and was sentenced to jail for four years. This made Jayalalithaa the first chief minister in India to be removed from office due to corruption charges. She was later acquitted on 11 May 2015 by the Karnataka High Court. Her conviction was restored posthumously on 15 February 2017 by the Supreme Court of India.
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- Disproportionate Assets: What constitutes the offence?, Andhra Pradesh Vigilance Commission, Government of Andhra Pradesh State, India. Accessed 2008-10-29. "... A Public Servant is said to commit the offence of Criminal Misconduct (of possession of disproportionate assets), “if he or any person on his behalf, is in possession or has, at any time during the period of his office, been in possession for which the public servant cannot satisfactorily account, of pecuniary resources or property disproportionate to his known sources of income”, as laid down under clause (e) of sub-sec.(1) of sec.13 of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. ..."
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- https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/Jayalalithaa-Sasikala-criminally-conspired-at-Poes-Garden-to-launder-ill-gotten-wealth-SC/article17301596.ece Jayalalithaa criminally conspired at Poes Garden to launder ill-gotten wealth
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