Disney's Aladdin (Virgin Games video game)

Disney's Aladdin is a platform game based on the 1992 film of the same name developed by Virgin Games USA. The game was released by Sega for the Sega Genesis on November 11, 1993 as one of several games based on the film, including another game that was released in the same month by Capcom for the Super NES.

Disney's Aladdin
Aladdingenesis.jpg
Cover art for the Sega Genesis version
Developer(s)Virgin Games USA
Publisher(s)
Director(s)David Perry
Producer(s)
Designer(s)
  • David Bishop
  • Bill Anderson
  • Tom Tanaka
  • Seth Mendelsohn
Programmer(s)David Perry
Artist(s)Nick Bruty
Composer(s)
SeriesAladdin
Platform(s)Sega Genesis, DOS, Amiga, NES, Game Boy, Game Boy Color, Microsoft Windows
Release
October 1993
  • Sega Genesis
    • NA: October 1993[1]
    • EU: November 11, 1993
    • JP: November 12, 1993
    Windows
    • EU: 1994
    • NA: December 18, 2017
    Amiga
    NES
    • EU: December 31, 1994
    • AU: 1994
    Game Boy
    • EU: December 8, 1994
    • NA: October 1995
    Windows
    Game Boy Color
    • NA: November 7, 2000
    • EU: November 20, 2000
Genre(s)Platformer
Mode(s)Single-player

The game is one of the best-selling Genesis games with four million copies sold. It also received a number of adapted ports for other platforms, such as the NES, Game Boy, Amiga, and DOS computers.

GameplayEdit

Disney's Aladdin is a side-scrolling platform game in which the player controls Aladdin throughout settings and a storyline based on the namesake film.[2][3] Aladdin's primary forms of offense against enemy characters are a scimitar for short-range slashing attacks and apples that can be pelted as long-range ammunition. The apples are a finite resource, but can be collected in abundant amounts throughout the game. Aladdin's health is indicated by a trail of smoke emanating from the Genie's lamp on the top-left corner of the screen. The trail shortens whenever Aladdin is harmed by an enemy or environmental hazard. Health can be restored by collecting blue Genie Hearts scattered throughout the levels. If Aladdin runs out of health, a life will be lost.[4] Blue vases within the levels act as checkpoints from which Aladdin will be revived if he had passed one before losing a life.[5] Extra lives can be received by collecting golden icons in the shape of Aladdin's head hidden in the levels. If Aladdin's last life is lost, the game prematurely ends. The amount of lives and apples Aladdin is equipped with at the start of the game is determined by the difficulty setting, which can be adjusted in the main menu.[4] Aside from apples, Aladdin can collect gems, which can be traded with a peddler in each level for extra lives and "wishes".[5][6] Wishes allow the player to continue the game from the current level after losing their last life instead of having to start again from the beginning.[7] On occasion, "smart bombs" in the form of black lamps can be found and triggered, which will result in the elimination of all on-screen enemies.[5]

If the player collects one or more Genie Tokens and clears a level, the player will be taken to the "Genie's Bonus Machine", a luck-based minigame in which pressing a button rewards the player with a random prize consisting of a gem, five apples or an extra life. The amount of Genie Tokens collected in a level determines the amount of rounds that can be played in the minigame.[5] When the player runs out of Genie Tokens or if they land on a picture of Jafar, the minigame will end.[8] If the player picks up an Abu Token in two levels, a bonus level featuring Aladdin's pet monkey Abu as the player character will initiate following the Genie's Bonus Machine. In these levels, the player must maneuver Abu left and right to collect gems, apples and extra lives that drop to the ground while avoiding pots, rocks, fish, Iago's cousins, palace guards and other hazards. If Abu comes into contact with a hazard, the bonus level ends.[9]

DevelopmentEdit

Development for the game began in January 1993, with a team of ten animators working on the animation frames, making it the first video game to use hand-drawn animation.[10] The work was then shipped to Virgin's California facility to be digitized. The game used traditional animation, which was produced by Disney animators under the supervision of Virgin's animation staff, including animation producer Andy Luckey, technical director Paul Schmiedeke and animation director Mike Dietz, using an in-house "Digicel" process to compress the data onto the cartridge. Virgin was given the deadline of October 1993 to complete production as to coincide with the home video release of the film; this deadline left Virgin with about three-quarters the normal amount of time to build a game.[11] The game features some musical arrangements from the film, along with original pieces composed by Donald Griffin and Tommy Tallarico.[12] The game was showcased at the 1993 Summer Consumer Electronics Show. The budget for the game's launch was $250,000 by Jeffrey Katzenberg.[13]

PortsEdit

The Amiga and DOS were based on the Mega Drive/Genesis version, featuring enhanced music, sound effects and an Updated HUD. The Game Boy and Nintendo Entertainment System ports, which are similar to each other, are significantly altered from the original version, with elements from the original version being missing in both versions, including the "Inside The Lamp" and Abu bonus levels. The Game Boy version is compatible with the Super Game Boy. These versions of the game were developed by NMS Software, a short-lived company that was founded by former Elite staff[14] who ported other games such as Cool Spot[15] and Pinocchio[16] on the Game Boy. A Windows 95 port was developed by East Point Software and published by Virgin Interactive Entertainment in 1997. The Game Boy Color port, developed by Crawfish Interactive and published by Ubi Soft in 2000,[17] is more faithful to the Genesis port, with more things being retained from the original while still missing some content.[18] A Sega CD version of Aladdin was planned but never started official development.[19]

The Genesis, Game Boy, and Super Game Boy versions of the game were included alongside The Lion King as part of Disney Classic Games: Aladdin and The Lion King, released for Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, and Microsoft Windows on October 29, 2019. These versions include instant save states, a "rewind" button, level select, and options for invulnerability and infinite lives. The collection also includes the trade show demo of the Genesis version,[20] as well as a "Final Cut" version that includes new areas, boss patterns, graphical effects, and other changes.[21]

SequelEdit

In a "Devs Play" session with Double Fine in 2014, Louis Castle, co-founder of Westwood Studios who later worked on The Lion King, revealed that the studio had pitched a second Aladdin game that would have featured pre-rendered 3D sprites, around the same time as the Amiga game Stardust and a year prior to their use in Donkey Kong Country, but the project was scrapped by Disney.[22]

ReceptionEdit

SalesEdit

In October 1993, Aladdin topped Babbage's Sega Genesis sales chart in the United States.[1] The game went on to sell four million copies worldwide, making it the third best-selling Sega Genesis game of all-time, after Sonic the Hedgehog and Sonic the Hedgehog 2.[36]

Critical responseEdit

On release, Famicom Tsūshin scored the Mega Drive version of Aladdin a 35 out of 40.[28] The game was awarded Best Genesis Game of 1993 by Electronic Gaming Monthly. They also awarded it Best Animation.[37] The game was reviewed in 1994 in Dragon #211 by Jay & Dee in the "Eye of the Monitor" column. Both reviewers gave the game 5 out of 5 stars.[25] Mega placed the game at #12 in their Top Mega Drive Games of All Time.[38]

Levi Buchanan of IGN gave the game an 8/10, calling the game "a platformer that proved the Genesis, while aging, was still quite capable of great gameplay and delightful artwork."[32]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "EGM Top Ten". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 53. December 1993. p. 60.
  2. ^ Disney's Aladdin instruction manual, p. 2
  3. ^ Disney's Aladdin instruction manual, p. 7
  4. ^ a b Disney's Aladdin instruction manual, pp. 10–11
  5. ^ a b c d Disney's Aladdin instruction manual, pp. 12–13
  6. ^ Disney's Aladdin instruction manual, p. 14
  7. ^ Disney's Aladdin instruction manual, p. 15
  8. ^ Disney's Aladdin instruction manual, p. 21
  9. ^ Disney's Aladdin instruction manual, p. 22
  10. ^ Hinman, Catherine (April 17, 1993). "Disney Video Game to be hand-drawn". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  11. ^ Eddy, Andy (July 1993). "Sega, Disney and Virgin Team up on the Genesis Version of Aladdin" (PDF). Video Games & Computer Entertainment. No. 54. pp. 78–80.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-06-17. Retrieved 2016-05-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Sweet Home Chicago". Computer and Video Games. No. 141. EMAP. August 1993. p. 18.
  14. ^ "NMS Software". videogamemusicperservationfoundation.com. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  15. ^ "Cool Spot". Gamefaqs.com. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  16. ^ "Disney's Pinocchio". Gamefaqs.com. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Disney's Aladdin - IGN". Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  18. ^ "Aladdin (Sega / Virgin)". Kurt Kalata.
  19. ^ Wawro, Alex (2017-10-11). "Check out this deep dive into the source code for Aladdin on Genesis". Gamasutra. UBM. Retrieved 2017-02-19.
  20. ^ "Disney's 16-bit 'Aladdin,' 'The Lion King' video games get remastered release". 28 August 2019.
  21. ^ "Genesis Aladdin 'Final Cut' Mode Gameplay Revealed - Disney Classic Games: Aladdin and the Lion King - IGN".
  22. ^ "How Westwood Made The Lion King, One Of Gaming's Finest Platformers | Kotaku UK". Kotaku.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-07-25.
  23. ^ Weiss, Bret Allan. "Aladdin (Sege Genesis) Review". AllGame. Archived from the original on November 14, 2014. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
  24. ^ Amanda Tipping, Aladdin, Computer and Video Games, issue 145 (December 1993), page 59
  25. ^ a b Jay & Dee (November 1994). "Eye of the Monitor". Dragon (211): 39–42.
  26. ^ "Aladdin review (Mega Drive)". Edge. November 1993. Archived from the original on May 31, 2013.
  27. ^ Electronic Gaming Monthly, 1999 Video Game Buyer's Guide, page 132
  28. ^ a b NEW GAMES CROSS REVIEW: アラジン. Weekly Famicom Tsūshin. No.257. Pg.39. 12–19 November 1993.
  29. ^ Halverson, Dave; Rickards, Kelly (K. Lee); Cockburn, Andrew (November 1993). "Viewpoint". Diehard GameFan. Vol. 1 no. 12. DieHard Gamers Club. pp. 21–3. ISSN 1092-7212.
  30. ^ GamePro, issue 52 (November 1993), pages 46-47
  31. ^ GamesMaster, issue 11, pages 64-65
  32. ^ a b Levi Buchanan. "Aladdin Retro Review". IGN. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
  33. ^ Wells, Jeremy (March 1995). "PC Zone Review - Aladdin". PC Zone. No. 24. Future plc. p. 68.
  34. ^ "File:Mean Machines Sega 14 UK". Sega Retro. 2015-07-02. p. 68. Retrieved 2017-07-25.
  35. ^ Mega, issue 14, pages 34-35
  36. ^ Horowitz, Ken (2006-03-28). "Interview: Dr. Stephen Clarke-Willson". Sega-16.com. Retrieved 2011-12-26.
  37. ^ "Electronic Gaming Monthly's Buyer's Guide". 1994. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  38. ^ Mega magazine issue 26, page 74, Maverick Magazines, November 1994

External linksEdit