Director of the United States Marshals Service

The director of the United States Marshals Service, abbreviated USMS director, is the head and chief executive of the United States Marshals Service (USMS).[2] The director oversees and manages the operations of the Marshals Service and directly superintends the various United States Marshals, which serve as the chiefs of the USMS within a federal judicial district.[3][4][5] The director was originally referred to as "Chief United States Marshal" from 1957 to 1970.

Director of the United States
Marshals Service
Seal of the United States Marshals Service.svg
Seal of the Marshals Service
Flag of the United States Marshals Service.svg
Flag of the Marshals Service
Director Donald W. Washington --1 (46648527365).jpg
Incumbent
Donald W. Washington

since March 29, 2019
United States Marshals Service
StyleDirector
StatusChief executive
Reports toUnited States Attorney General
SeatCrystal City, Arlington, Virginia
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument28 U.S.C. § 561
FormationDecember 20, 1957
First holderClive W. Palmer
DeputyDeputy Director
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level IV[1]
Websitewww.usmarshals.gov

The director of the Marshals Service is appointed by the President of the United States, with the advice and consent of the United States Senate. The director reports to the United States Attorney General.[6]

Powers and dutiesEdit

28 U.S.C. § 561 establishes the United States Marshals Service, abbreviated USMS, as a 'bureau' of the U.S. Department of Justice and places a director at its head. The director – like any other high-ranking executive branch officer – is appointed directly by the president, with the advice and consent of the Senate, and operates under the oversight and control of the United States Attorney General.

The director is responsible for the supervision and direction of the Marshals Service "in the performance of its duties". Since the United States Marshals are officers of the USMS, they serve under the authority of its director. Additionally, the director may exercise any functions delegated to them by the Attorney General.

28 U.S.C. § 561 stipulates the director to consult with the Judicial Conference of the United States on a continuing basis regarding the security requirements for the federal judiciary. This is to ensure that views of the judiciary are taken into account when it comes to determining staffing levels, setting priorities for programs, and allotting resources for judicial security purposes. "Judicial security" includes the safeguarding of federal courthouses and other buildings housing the judiciary, as well as the personal security of, and the assessment of threats made to, judicial officers, and the protection of all other judicial personnel.

Furthermore chapter 37 of the U.S. Code empowers the director to designate the stations and offices of the U.S. Marshals, appoint supplementary personnel and fix their compensation, and administer oaths and take affirmations of officer and employees of the Marshals Service.

List of officeholdersEdit

  Denotes acting officeholders
Nr. Portrait Name[7] Entered office Left office[a]
Chief United States Marshals (1957–1970)
1   Clive W. Palmer[b] December 20, 1957 June 21, 1962
2   James J. P. McShane[c] June 21, 1962 March 5, 1969
3   Carl Turner[d] March 5, 1969 January 16, 1970
Directors of the Marshals Service (1970–present)
1   Wayne B. Colburn January 16, 1970 May 23, 1976
2   William E. Hall May 23, 1976 October 23, 1983
3   Stanley E. Morris October 23, 1983 November 6, 1989
4   Kevin Michael Moore November 6, 1989 February 24, 1992
5   Henry E. Hudson February 24, 1992 August 12, 1992
August 12, 1992 October 17, 1993
  John J. Twomey October 17, 1993 November 18, 1993
6   Eduardo Gonzalez November 18, 1993 June 21, 1999
  George Ray Havens June 21, 1999 November 17, 1999
7   John W. Marshall November 17, 1999 January 21, 2001
  Louie McKinney January 21, 2001 October 30, 2001
8   Benigno G. Reyna October 30, 2001 August 1, 2005
9   John F. Clark August 1, 2005 March 17, 2006
March 17, 2006 December 31, 2010
10   Stacia A. Hylton December 31, 2010 July 26, 2015
  David Harlow July 26, 2015 January 4, 2018
  David Anderson[e] January 4, 2018 March 29, 2019
11   Donald W. Washington March 29, 2019 Present

DeputiesEdit

The deputy director of the Marshals Service is the principal deputy to the director. The deputy director oversees the chief of district affairs and the Office of Professional Responsibility.[8]

The associate director for operations is the chief operating officer of the Marshals Service. The associate director oversees the Investigative Operations Division, Judicial Security Division, Tactical Operations Division, Justice Prisoner and Alien Transportation System, Witness Security Division, and the Prisoner Operations Division.[9]

The associate director for administration oversees the Training Division, Human Resources Division, Information Technology Division, Office of Public and Congressional Affairs, Management Support Division, Asset Forfeiture Division.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "5 U.S. Code § 5315. Positions at level IV". www.law.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2020-03-04.
  2. ^ "28 U.S. Code § 561. United States Marshals Service". www.law.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2020-03-04. ...There shall be at the head of the United States Marshals Service (hereafter in this chapter referred to as the “Service”) a Director...
  3. ^ "28 U.S. Code § 561. United States Marshals Service". www.law.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2020-03-04. (g) The Director shall supervise and direct the United States Marshals Service in the performance of its duties.
  4. ^ "28 U.S. Code § 561. United States Marshals Service". www.law.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2020-03-04. ...Each United States marshal shall be an official of the Service and shall serve under the direction of the Director.
  5. ^ "Donald W. Washington – Director". www.usmarshals.gov. Retrieved 2020-03-04. ...Director Washington directs a force of more than 5,000 operational and administrative employees spanning 94 districts...
  6. ^ "Biography of Donald W. Washington". www.usmarshals.gov. Retrieved 2020-03-04.
  7. ^ "History - List of USMS Directors and Predecessors". www.usmarshals.gov. Retrieved 2020-02-28.
  8. ^ "Biography of Derrick Driscoll". www.usmarshals.gov. Retrieved 2020-08-15.
  9. ^ "U.S. Marshals Service Contacts". www.usmarshals.gov. Retrieved 2020-08-15.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Only the date of appointment has been officially documented and displayed by the USMS; vacancies (as a result of death for example) thus may render the date a director left office incorrect.
  2. ^ Full title was: Head (Chief), Executive Office for United States Marshals
  3. ^ Full title was: Head (Chief), Executive Office for United States Marshals
  4. ^ Full title was: Chief, Executive Office for United States Marshals
  5. ^ Full title was: Acting Deputy Director

External linksEdit