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The Diploma Leopoldinum was a legal document which determined the basic principles of the government of the Principality of Transylvania within the Habsburg Empire.[1][2] The diploma was drafted by Miklós Bethlen, Chancellor of Transylvania.[3][4] The Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold I, sanctioned it in Vienna on 16 October 1690.[5] The diploma restored civil administration in the principality, and confirmed the traditional liberties of the Three Nations of Transylvania, including the freedom of the four "received" religions.[6][7]


  1. ^ Andea 2005, pp. 354-355.
  2. ^ Davies 2011, p. 4.
  3. ^ Andea 2005, p. 354.
  4. ^ R. Várkonyi 1994, p. 371.
  5. ^ R. Várkonyi 1994, pp. 371, 754.
  6. ^ Andea 2005, p. 355.
  7. ^ R. Várkonyi 1994, p. 372.


  • Andea, Susana (2005). "The Romanian Principalities in the 17th Century". In Pop, Ioan-Aurel; Bolovan, Ioan. History of Romania: Compendium. Romanian Cultural Institute (Center for Transylvanian Studies). pp. 315–396. ISBN 978-973-7784-12-4. 
  • Davies, Bryan (2011). Empire and Military Revolution in Eastern Europe: Russia's Turkish Wars in the Eighteenth Century. Continuum. ISBN 978-1-4411-6880-1. 
  • R. Várkonyi, Ágnes (1994). "The End of Turkish Rule in Transylvania and the Reunification of Hungary (1660–1711)". In Köpeczi, Béla; Barta, Gábor; Bóna, István; Makkai, László; Szász, Zoltán; Borus, Judit. History of Transylvania. Akadémiai Kiadó. pp. 359–411. ISBN 963-05-6703-2.