Roman Catholic Diocese of Cassano all'Jonio
Diocese of Cassano all’Ionio
|Area||1,311 km2 (506 sq mi)|
|(as of 2013)|
|Cathedral||Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary|
|Patron saint||Biagio Vescovo e Martire|
|Secular priests||65 (diocesan)|
13 (Religious Orders)
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Salvatore Nunnari|
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In 859 Cassano and Cosenza were the headquarters of the Gastaldates of the Lombards of the Duchy of Benevento. In their turn the Lombards were attacked again and again, as were the Greeks in south Italy, by the Saracens (Arabs and Moors). The Greeks were able to drive the Saracens away, and reorganized Calabria as part of the Greek Empire and the Greek Church of Constantinople. Cassano was established around this time as a suffragan diocese of the Greek Metropolitan of Reggio Calabria.
In 1059 mention is made of a bishop of Cassano, whose name is not reported. He was engaged, along with the Provost of Gerace, in resisting the advance of the Normans, led by Robert Guiscard and his brothers. A battle took place against Count Roger at San Martino in Valle Salinarum, in which the Greeks, led by the bishop of Cassano, were defeated.
In 1096 we read of a bishop of Cassano known as Saxo (Sassone), who was a Vicar of Pope Urban II and Pope Paschal II in the region. In the 11th Century, the Diocese became a Suffragan of Reggio Calabria. Pope Paschal II (1099–1118), however, granted the Church of Cassano complete immunity from the jurisdiction of the Metropolitanate of Reggio Calabria, and took it directly under the protection of the Holy See. On 20 October 1144, King Roger II of Sicily confirmed the privileges of the Church of Cassano.
On February 13, 1919, the Diocese had territory transferred to create the Eparchy of Lungro for the Italo-Albanian Catholic Church. On January 30, 2001, the Archdiocese of Cosenza-Bisignano was elevated to a Metropolitan See with Cassano all'Jonio as a suffragan diocese.
In accordance with the decrees of the Council of Trent, Bishop Serbelloni (1561–1579) appointed a committee to plan the creation of a seminary for the diocese of Cassano. The seminary was formally created by a decree of Bishop Carafa on 6 March 1588, and in 1593 Bishop Audoeno (Owen Lewis) fixed the number of scholars at twelve, and for the next century the number never exceeded twenty. The seminary was perpetually short of funds.
The old cathedral was consecrated by Bishop Tomacelli on 3 May 1491. The bell tower was completed by Bishop Gaetano in 1608. The new cathedral was consecrated on 22 March 1722 by Bishop Francesco Maria Loyerio of Umbriatico. The decoration of the Choir was completed in 1750. The stucco façade of the cathedral was completed by Bishop Coppola in 1795, and the marble pulpit installed. Many of the treasures of the cathedral were stolen or damaged during the revolutionary period 1798–1806.
Diocese of Cassano all’JonioEdit
- Goffredus (attested 1195)
- Terricius (attested 1220, 1221, 1223)
- Biagio (c. 1233 or 1235)
- Giovanni de'Fortibracci (21 January 1252 – after 1254)
- Giordano Russo (c. 1266–1267)
- Marco d'Assisi, O.Min. (20 April 1268 – 1282/1285)
- Pasquale (c. 1282)
- Richardus Tricarico
- Guglielmo de Cuna, O.Min. (28 February 1301 – )
- Alberto Bizozio (attested 1312)
- Giovanni da Mafino (18 March 1329 – 1334)
- Landulfus Vulcani (24 October 1334 – 1334/1335)
- Rogerius Quadrimani (January 1348 – 1348)
- Giovanni da Papasidero (17 March 1348 – 1373)
- Marino del Judice (18 May 1373 – 1379)
- Andreas Cumanus (26 January 1379 – ) (Avignon Obedience)
- Carlo Corsini (2 December 1383 – ) (Avignon Obedience)
- Robertus (1378– ) (Roman Obedience)
- Nicolaus (c. 1383) (Roman Obedience)
- Petrus (1 October 1392 – 1399)
- Phoebus de Sanseverino (1 December 1399 – 1404)
- Marino Scannaforcie (11 November 1404 – 1418?)
- Antonello dei Gesualdi, O.Celest. (23 November 1418 – 1428?)
- Belforte Spinelli (1432 – 12 December 1440)
- Giovanni Francesco Brusato (8 December 1463 – 22 March 1476)
- Bartolomeo del Poggio (22 March 1476 – 1485 Died)
- Nicola Tomacelli (1485–1490 Died)
- Marino Tomacelli (1491–1519 Died)
- Cardinal Domenico Giacobazzi (1519–1523 Resigned) (Administrator)
- Cristoforo Giacobazzi (23 March 1523 – 7 October 1540 Died)
- Durante Duranti (1541–1551)
- Bernardo Antonio Michelozzi de' Medici (1551–1552 Died)
- Giovanni Angelo de' Medici (1 March 1553 – 25 June 1556)
- Mark Sittich von Hohenems Altemps (29 May 1560 – 17 December 1561)
- Giovan Battista Serbelloni (17 December 1561 – 1579 Resigned)
- Tiberio Carafa (1579–1588 Died)
- Owen Lewis (1588–1595 Died)
- Giulio Caracciolo (1597–1599 Died)
- Bonifazio Caetani (1599–1613 Appointed Archbishop of Taranto)
- Diego de Arce (Deodata de Arze), O.F.M. Obs. (1614–1617 Died)
- Paolo Palombo, C.R. (1617–1648 Died)
- Gregorio Carafa, C.R. (1648–1664)
- Alfonso de Balmaseda, O.S.A. (16 June 1670 – 25 September 1673)
- Giovanni Battista del Tinto, O. Carm. (1676–1685 Died)
- Francisco de Sequeiros y Sotomayor, O.S.A. (1 April 1686 – 1691 Died)
- Vincenzo de Magistris (del Maestro), O.P. (1692–1705 Died)
- Nicolò Rocco (1707–1726 Died)
- Gennaro Fortunato (1729–1751 Died)
- Giovanni Battista Miceli (1752–1763 Died)
- Giovanni Battista Coppola (1763–1797 Died)
- Sede vacante (1797–1818)
- [Francesco Antonio Grillo, O.F.M. Conv. (7 November 1804 Died)]
- Adeodato Gomez Cardosa (26 June 1818 – 19 December 1825)
- Michele Bombini (1829–1871 Died)
- Alessandro Maria Basile, C.SS.R. (1871–1883 Died)
- Raffaele Danise, M.I. (1883 – 24 March 1884)
- Antonio Pistocchi (1884–1888 Died)
- Evangelista (Michael Antonio) di Milia, O.F.M. Cap. (11 February 1889 – 13 November 1898)
- Antonio Maria Bonito (1899–1905)
- Pietro La Fontaine (1906–1910 Appointed Secretary of the Congregation of (Sacred) Rites)
- Giuseppe Bartolomeo Rovetta (1911–1920 Resigned)
- Bruno Occhiuto (1921–1937 Died)
- Raffaele Barbieri (1937–1968 Died)
- Domenico Vacchiano (1970–1978 Appointed Prelate of Pompei o Beatissima Vergine Maria del Santissimo Rosario)
- Girolamo Grillo (1979–1983 Appointed Bishop of Tarquinia e Civitavecchia)
- Giovanni Francesco Pala (1984–1987 Died)
- Andrea Mugione (1988–1998 Appointed Archbishop of Crotone-Santa Severina)
- Domenico Graziani (1999–2006 Appointed Archbishop of Crotone-Santa Severina)
- Vincenzo Bertolone, S.d.P. (2007–2011 Appointed Archbishop of Catanzaro-Squillace)
- Nunzio Galantino (9 December 2011 – 28 February 2015)
- Francesco Savino (2015– )
- "Diocese of Cassano all’Jonio" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved July 31, 2016
- "Diocese of Cassano all'Jonio" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved July 31, 2016
- Umberto Benigni, in: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. .
- "Diocese of Cassano all'Jonio". Catholic Dioceses in the World. GCatholic. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- Duchesne, p. 11, p. 15. Canon Antonio Minervini, in: D'Avino, p. 152.
- Gaufredus Malaterrae, Historia Siculae Book I, chapter xxxii, in: Ludovico Antonio Muratori (ed.), Rerum Italicarum Scriptores Tomus V (Milan 1723), p. 557. Kehr, p. 25.
- Kehr, pp. 26-27.
- "Archdiocese of Reggio Calabria-Bova". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Kehr, p. 27 no. 2.
- Kehr, p. 27, commentary on no. 2. Biagio Cappelli, "In document di Ruggiero II per la diocesi di Cassano Jonio," Bolletino ecclesiastico della diocese di Cassano Jonio 42 (1964), fasc. 3, pp. 63-64.
- See Canon Antonio Minervini, in: D'Avino, pp. 159-160.
- "Archdiocese of Cosenza-Bisignano". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Canon Antonio Minervini, in: D'Avino, p. 162.
- Canon Antonio Minervini, in: D'Avino, p. 155.
- Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 152, note 1.
- Canon Antonio Minervini, in: D'Avino, p. 155, column 2.
- Kamp, pp. 939-940.
- There was no Bishop of Cassano at the III Lateran Council in 1179, and Pope Alexander III and the Council addressed documents to an electus. Kehr, p. 28, no. 4. Kamp, p. 940.
- Kamp, pp. 940-941.
- Ughelli, IX, p. 346. Kamp, p. 942.
- Kamp, p. 942.
- Giovanni was a Roman, and had been Canon of S. Maria in Trastevere. He was Chaplain of Cardinal Pietro Capocci. He was in exile from his diocese during his administration, being called only Electus. Ughelli, p. 346. Cappelletti, p. 239. Kamp, pp. 943–945.
- Kamp, pp. 946–947.
- Cappelletti (p. 240) states that Marco died in the second year of Pope Martin IV (1282). Kamp finds evidence that he was still working under Pope Honorius IV in 1285, though it must be admitted that the document in question does not name the Bishop of Cassano to which it is addressed. Eubel, I, p. 169. Kamp, pp. 947–948.
- Bishop Pasquale was transferred to the diocese of Larino on 15 July 1309. Eubel, I, p. 170, 294 with note 3. Eubel says olim ep. Cassanen, positing an interval between his resignation of Cassano and his appointment to Larino.
- Giovanni de Marino had been a Canon of Benevento. In 1330 he attested as being in Avignon. Ughelli, IX, p. 347. Cappelletti, p. 240. Eubel, I, p. 170.
- Landulfo was elected by the Chapter and confirmed by Pope John XXII. Cappelletti, p. 240.
- Giovanni had been a Canon of Cassano and a Papal Chaplain. Ughelli, IX, p. 348. Eubel, I, p. 170.
- Ughelli, IX, p. 348, calls him Petrus de Judice of Amalfi. Del Judice had previously been a Canon of Amalfi, then Bishop of Amalfi (1361–1373), and then Bishop of Stabiae (Castellamare) (1370–1373). He was removed in January 1379 as a follower of Urban VI. He became Archbishop of Br–indisi and then Archbishop of Taranto and Papal Treasurer (ca. 1380). He was named a Cardinal by Urban VI at some point between 1382 and 1385. He was killed on orders of Urban VI in December 1386. Eubel, I, pp. 24, 170, 462.
- Bishop Peter, who had previously been Archdeacon of Cassano, was transferred to the diocese of Marsico nuovo on 31 May 1400. Eubel, I, pp. 170, 328.
- Phoebus was a priest of Tricarico, who was appointed Bishop of Cassano by Pope Boniface IX in 1399. He was removed in 1404, on various criminal charges, which were disproved in 1429. Ughelli, IX, p. 348. Eubel, I, p. 170 with note 8.
- Scannaforcie was a priest of Naples. He had been provided to the diocese by Pope Boniface IX on 29 September 1404, but the Pope died on 1 October, before the bulls were issued; Scannaforcie was reappointed by Innocent VII. Cappelletti, p. 241. Eubel, I, p. 170, with note 7.
- Gesualdi was a monk of S. Catherine in Benevento, and a Master of theology. Pietro Pianton, ed. (1855). Enciclopedia ecclesiastica... compilata da una societa' di ecclesiastici (in Italian). Vol. II. Venezia: G. Tasso. p. 446. Eubel, I, p. 170, with note 9.
- Spinelli was born in Giovanazzo, the son of Niccolò, Conte de Gioia, Grand Chancellor of the Kingdom of Naples. He was a Doctor of laws. While still a layman Spinelli assisted at the Council of Constance. Under Pope Martin V he was sent on important missions. Eugenius IV named him Bishop of Cassano, and then named him titular Bishop of Sebaste (Samaria). He later[when?] renounced the world and retired to Venice. He died in Venice in 1441 (or on 13 September 1440, according to Ughelli). In 1439 he left his rich library to the Collegio Spinelli of Padua; in 1575 the college supported five scholars studying at the University of Padua. Carol Kidwell (2004). Pietro Bembo: Lover, Linguist, Cardinal. Kingston: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP. pp. 468, note 24. ISBN 978-0-7735-2709-6. Ughelli, IX, pp. 349-350. D'Avino, p. 154 column 2. Eubel, II, pp. 119, 232.
- Brusato was a native of Verona. His uncle was Cardinal Bartolomeo Roverella, Archbishop of Ravenna. Brusato was a Canon of the Cathedral of Verona. In November 1464 he was appointed by Pope Paul II to garrison the citadel of Terracina. Sixtus IV made him Castellan of the castle of Cesena, a position he held at least until 1474. In January 1476 Brusato was named Rector of the provinces of Campania and Marittima. He was appointed Archbishop of Nicosia on 22 March 1476. He died on 16 January 1477. Ughelli, IX, p. 350. Eubel, II, pp. 119-120, 203. Elisabetta Lo Cascio (2008). "Libri, guardaroba e suppellettili del Veronese Giovanni Francesco Brusati, Vescovo di Cassano". Aevum. 82 (3): 659–681, esp. 659-660. JSTOR 20862121.
- Del Poggio was a native of Lucca and a Doctor in utroque iure (Civil and Canon Law). He was appointed Bishop of Cassano in 1476 and named a Royal Councilor. Ughelli, IX, p. 350. Eubel, II, p. 120.
- Tomacelli was a friend of King Ferdinand I and of his son Alfonso II, at whose coronation Tomacelli was present. Ughelli, IX, p. 351. Eubel, II, p. 120.
- "Bishop Nicola Tomacelli" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved July 31, 2016
- "Bishop Marino Tomacelli" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved July 31, 2016
- Domenico Giacobazzi: Ughelli, IX, p. 351. Eubel, III, p. 156.
- Giacobazzi was the son of Giacomo Giacobazzi, and was raised by his uncle the Cardinal. Pope Leo X made him a Canon of the Vatican Basilica. Upon the resignation of his uncle, Cristoforo was named Bishop of Cassano by Pope Clement VII on 23 March 1523. Immediately upon his accession in 1534 Pope Paul III named him Apostolic Datary and Auditor of the Sacred Palace (judge), on account of his skill in ecclesiastical affairs. On 22 December 1536, Paul III named Giacobazzi a Cardinal. On 19 December 1537 he was named Apostolic Legate to the Emperor Charles V to arrange a peace with King Francis I of France; he failed. He was named Legate in Umbria and Perugia in 1539, where he died on 7 October 1540. Salvador Miranda, The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church - Biographical Dictionary, Consistory of December 22, 1536 Ughelli, IX, p. 351. Eubel, III, pp. 24 no. 14; 156 with note 4.
- Duranti was appointed Bishop of Brescia. Eubel, III, p. 156 with note 5.
- Medici had been Bishop of Forlì (1528–1551). He was nominated Bishop of Cassano by the Emperor Charles. Ughelli, p. 352. Eubel, III, pp. 156, 198.
- Medici was Archbishop of Ragusa from 1545 to 1553. He was appointed Archbishop (Personal Title) of Foligno on 25 June 1556. He was elected Pope Pius IV in 1559. Eubel, III, pp. 36, 156, 199, 281.
- Altemps was a nephew of Pope Pius IV. He was named to the diocese at the age of 27, in succession to his uncle. He was sent on an embassy to the Emperor Ferdinand in 1560. He resigned the diocese of Cassano after being appointed a Cardinal by his uncle on 26 February 1561. On October 24 (or 17 December) 1561 he was appointed Bishop of Constanz. Ughelli, p. 352. Eubel, III, pp. 156 with note 9; 176.
- "Bishop Giovan Battista Serbelloni" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 21, 2016
- "Bishop Tiberio Carafa" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016
- Lewis was the Welshman known as Audoeno Ludovico Cambrone, who was sent by Pope Gregory XIII on different missions, and never resided in Cassano. Eubel, III, p. 156 with note 13.
- Caracciolo: Gauchat, IV, p. 138 with note 3.
- Caetani: Gauchat, IV, p. 138 with note 4.
- "Bishop Diego de Arce, O.F.M." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016.[self-published source] Gauchat, IV, p. 138 with note 5.
- Palombo: Gauchat, IV, p. 138 with note 6.
- Carafa: Confirmed Archbishop of Salerno. Gauchat, IV, p. 138 with note 7.
- Balmaseda was born in the diocese of Cordoba (Spain), and held the degree of Master of theology. He was a royal Councilor, and Confessor of the Viceroy of Naples. He was assistant General in the Order of Saint Augustine. He was appointed to the diocese of Cassano by King Charles II of Spain, and confirmed by Pope Clement X on 16 June 1670. Cardinal Federigo Sforza consecrated him a bishop in Rome on 22 June 1670. He was transferred to the diocese of Gerona (Spain) on 25 September 1673. He was transferred to Zamora on 4 September 1679. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, pp. 147 with note 2; 209 with note 3.
- Del Tinto: Ritzler-Sefrin, V, pp. 147 with note 3.
- Sequeiros was born in 1636 in San Miguel de Bouzas, Spain (diocese of Túy). He was a Master of theology and lectured at the Complutense. He was a Councilor of the King of Spain, and Assistant General of his Order. He died in Naples in May 1691. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, pp. 147 with note 4.
- De Magistris was born in Naples in 1631, and held the degree of Master of theology. He was elected Provincial of the Neapolitan Province of the Order of Preachers (Dominicans). He died in June 1705. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 147 with note 5.
- Rocco: Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 147 with note 6.
- Fortunato: Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 147 with note 7.
- Miceli: Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 152 with note 2.
- Coppola died in Naples on 27 August 1797. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 152 with note 3.
- Gams, p. 872.
- Pietro Camadella (1840). Cenno necrologico: monsignor Francesco Antonio Grillo [Pietro Camardella] (in Italian). Naples. p. 1. Nuovo dizionario istorico. tr. from the 7th French edition (in Italian). Tomo I. Naples: Michele Morelli. 1824. pp. 335–336.
- Gomez Cardosa was a priest of the diocese of Naples and a Master of theology. He was appointed in conformity with the Concordat of 16 February 1818 between the Holy See and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. He was consecrated a bishop in Rome on 28 June 1818 by Cardinal Bartolommeo Pacca. He was transferred to the diocese of Isernia on 19 December 1825. Felice Torelli (1848). La chiave del Concordato dell'anno 1818 e degli atti emanati posteriormente al medesimo (in Italian). Vol. I. Naples: Stamperia del Fibreno. pp. 124, 385. Notizie per l'anno 1819 (Rome: Cracas 1819), p. 217. Notizie per l'anno 1834 (in Italian). Rome: Gio. Francesco Chracas. 1834. p. 112. Ritzler-Sefrin, VII, pp. 138, 226.
- Bombini: Ritzler-Sefrin, VII, p. 138.
- Basile: Ritzler-Sefrin, VIII, p. 188.
- Danise was appointed Bishop of Caiazzo on 24 March 1884. Ritzler-Sefrin, VIII, pp. 169, 188.
- Di Milia was born in Calitri (diocese of Conza) in 1842. He was appointed Bishop of Cassano on 11 February 1889. He was appointed Bishop of Lecce in 1898. Annuaire pontifical catholique 1899 (Paris: La bonne Presse 1899), p. 132. Annuaire pontifical catholique 1900 (Paris: La bonne Presse 1900), p. 239.
- Bonito was appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of Amalfi; he succeeded to the Archbishopric on 17 June 1907. He retired and was named titular Archbishop of Axum (Sudan) on 5 August 1910. Bollettino ufficiale del Ministero di Grazia, Giustizia e dei Culti. Volume 27. Roma: Stamperia reale. 1907. p. 242. Acta Apostolicae Sedis III (Rome 1911), p. 593. Annuario Pontificio (Rome 1916), p. 217.
- "Rinuncia del Vescovo di Cassano all'Jonio (Italia) e nomina del successore" (in Italian). Vatican Press Office. February 28, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2015. Bishop Galantino became Secretary General of the Italian Episcopal Conference, and, on 26 June 2018 was named President of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Holy See. Holy See Press Office, Bolletino 26.06.2018
- Savino was born in Bitonto in 1954. He studied at the regional seminary in Molfetta. After ordination in 1978 he taught in regional middle and high schools. He then became Parochial Vicar of the Parrocchia San Silvestro-Crocifisso, and in 1985 he became Parish priest of Parrocchia Cristo Re Universale in Bitonto. In 1989 he became Parochial Rector of the Parrocchia Santuario Santi Medici. He obtained a baccalaureate in theology in 1992. In 1997 he began working on the Casa Alloggio per malati di AIDS, which opened in 1998. In 1998 the city of Bitonto awarded him the prize “L’uomo e la città”. On 28 February 2015, Pope Francis named him Bishop of Cassano. Diocesi di Cassano all'Jonio, Biografia Mons Francesco Savino, retrieved: 2017-03-07. (in Italian)
- "Bishop Pedro Torres" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1913). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 1 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) (in Latin)
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- Avino, Vincenzio d' (1848). Cenni storici sulle chiese arcivescovili, vescovili, e prelatizie (nullius) del regno delle due Sicilie (in Italian). Naples: dalle stampe di Ranucci. pp. 149–163.
- Cappelletti, Giuseppe (1870). Le chiese d'Italia: dalla loro origine sino ai nostri giorni (in Italian). vigesimo primo (21). Venezia: G. Antonelli. pp. 238–244.
- Duchesne, Louis (1902), "Les évèchés de Calabre," Mélanges Paul Fabre: études d'histoire du moyen âge (in French). Paris: A. Picard et fils. 1902. pp. 1–16.
- Kamp, Norbert (1975). Kirche und Monarchie im staufischen Königreich Sizilien: I. Prosopographische Grundlegung, Bistumer und Bistümer und Bischöfe des Konigreichs 1194–1266: 2. Apulien und Calabrien München: Wilhelm Fink 1975.
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- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Cassano all' Ionio". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.