Dinder National Park is a national park and biosphere reserve in eastern Sudan, and is connected to Ethiopia's Alitash National Park.[2]

Dinder National Park
Dinder National Park map
Dinder National Park boundaries.
Location in Sudan
Location in Sudan
Coordinates12°17′N 35°29′E / 12.29°N 35.48°E / 12.29; 35.48
Area10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi)
Designated7 January 2005
Reference no.1461[1]

Location edit

Dinder lies approximately 400 kilometres (250 mi) southeast of Khartoum, on either side of the Dinder River bounded to the north by the Rahad River.[3]

The town of Dinder (100 kilometres (62 mi) northwest) acts as a gateway for tourists wishing to enter the Park.[4]

History edit

The area of Dinder was heavily populated when it was first visited by Europeans in 1861. In the 1880s, at the time of the Mahdist War and a famine, the human population vanished. Alfred Harrison found only traces of human habitation in 1925.[3] Dinder was established as a park in 1935 following the London Convention of 1933 and designated in 1979 as a member of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves. In 1983, the park was extended 2,630 km2 (1,020 sq mi) towards the west.[3]

Ecology edit

Dinder National Park is ecologically significant because it falls on the ecotone between the Sahel and Ethiopian Highlands ecoregions. It contains three distinct ecosystems:

The park is home to 27 species of large mammals such as leopard, cheetah, more than 160 bird species, 32 fish species, and small mammals, bats, reptiles, and amphibians. It is in a major flyway used by birds migrating between Eurasia and Africa. There are many North African ostriches residing in the national park as well.

Dinder National Park hosts a healthy population of lions.[2][5][6]

Threats edit

The ecology of the park is threatened by encroachment from cattle herders who are being displaced from their traditional grazing lands by the expansion of crop agriculture, through the fundamental cause of expanding regional population. Populations of migrant grazers, including tiang, Roan, waterbuck and reebuck, are under additional pressure as land outside the park that they migrate across has been converted to farmland. Game counts between 1971 and 2001 have shown a precipitous decline in most large mammal species, with the population of waterbuck falling by 85%, reedbuck by 72%, and oribi by 68%. Other species have been extirpated in Dinder since was gazetted, including African bush elephant, black rhinoceros, hippopotamus, tora hartebeest, Nubian giraffe, Soemmerring's gazelle, and the Nile crocodile.[3]

Dinder National Park has been a habitat for the painted hunting dog (Lycaon pictus), but this endangered canid declined in this region.[7]

References edit

  1. ^ "Dinder National Park". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b Howard, B. (2016). "Once Thought Extinct, 'Lost' Group of Lions Discovered in Africa". National Geographic. Archived from the original on February 2, 2016. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
  3. ^ a b c d van Hoven, Wouter; Mutasim B. Nimir (2004). Paul, Goriup (ed.). "Recovering from conflict: the case of Dinder and other national parks in Sudan" (PDF). Parks. 14 (1). Gland, Switzerland: World Commission on Protected Areas: 26–33. ISSN 0960-233X. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 October 2015. Retrieved 22 August 2013.
  4. ^ "Dinder National Park". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2013-12-20.
  5. ^ "Hidden population of up to 200 lions found in remote Ethiopia". New Scientist. 2016. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  6. ^ "Lions rediscovered in Ethiopia's Alatash National Park". BBC News. 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  7. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2009. "Painted Hunting Dog: Lycaon pictus", GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg Archived 2010-12-09 at the Wayback Machine

External links edit