Dimitris Vlantas

Dimitiris Vlantas (Greek: Δημήτρης Βλαντάς; 1908 – 1985) was the secretary of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) in Crete from 1944 to 1946, and general in charge of the communist-led Democratic Army of Greece during the Grammos and Vitsi battles at the end of the Greek Civil War.

Dimitri Vlantas
Secretary of the Communist Youth of Greece
In office
1932–1943
Commander of the 4th ELAS Division
In office
1944–1944
Secretary of the Communist Party of Greece in Crete
In office
1/07/1944–1/07/1946
Personal details
Born(1908-02-10)10 February 1908
Marathos, Greece
Died(1985-07-20)20 July 1985
Athens, Greece
Resting placeAthens

Early lifeEdit

Dimitris Vlantas, aka Dimitris Vlandas, was born in 1908 in Marathos, Crete.[1] From a young age, he joined the Communist Youth of Greece (OKNE).In 1924 he entered the central committee of the OKNE and in 1932 enters its politburo. [2]

Political activity in GreeceEdit

Having been spotted by Nikos Zachariadis he joined a select number of high potential officials. In 1936, the Ioannis Metaxas regime outlawed the Communist Party of Greece and Dimitris Vlantas was imprisoned at Nafplio.[2] He escaped jail in 1940.

In 1947 he became a member of the Communist Party of Greece's Politburo. In January 1948 he was named Agriculture minister in the communist-led Provisional Democratic Government during the Greek Civil War.[3]

Civil WarEdit

During the last phase of the civil war, Zachariadis and Vlantas regrouedp the remaining forces in the strongholds of Grammos and Vitsi, commanded by Dimitris Vlantas.[4] This strategy was negatively viewed by Enver Hoxha [4] as he tells in his 4th Meeting with Joseph Stalin where he mentions: "Comrade Vlantas held that the enemy would direct the main blow against Gramos and not against Vitsi, because 'Gramos is less fortified, as it is situated on the border with Albania, and the enemy, after defeating us there, will turn back to attack us at Vitsi, because it thinks it can annihilate us there, since it borders on Yugoslavia. After fighting at Gramos and inflicting great losses on the enemy, we shall manoeuvre with our forces from Gramos in order to attack the enemy forces at Vitsi from the rear."

Post-warEdit

After the war, he went in exile in Romania, first in Bucharest then in Rimnicu Vilcea. He lived there with his wife Eleni, his daughter Eugenia and his son Georges Vlandas, who is President of the European Commission Trade Union 'Union for Unity' (U4U) [5] and lives in Brussels. His grandsons, Alexis Vlandas and Tim Vlandas, are both academics in France and the UK, respectively.[6][7] He fled Romania for France in 1967 where he was joined by his family in 1968. In 1983, he donated his archives to the Bibliothèque d'Histoire Contemporaine of the University of Nanterre.[8] They can be accessed through the Bibliothèque Nationale website.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.cairn.info/revue-confluences-mediterranee-2018-2-page-211.htm#no285
  2. ^ a b https://www.persee.fr/docAsPDF/mat_0769-3206_1986_num_6_1_401417.pdf
  3. ^ https://www.marxists.org/history/erol/greece/free-greece.pdf
  4. ^ a b "Enver Hoxha: 'With Stalin - Memoirs from my Meetings with Stalin.' (1981)". www.marxists.org.
  5. ^ "U4U – Cesi".
  6. ^ "Alexis Vlandas (0000-0003-2089-2360)".
  7. ^ "Tim Vlandas (0000-0003-4245-3932)".
  8. ^ "la BDIC devient La contemporaine". www.bdic.fr.
  9. ^ https://ccfr.bnf.fr/portailccfr/servlet/ViewManager?menu=public_menu_view&record=rnbcd_fonds:FONDS:669&setCache=sourcetable&fromList=true

External linksEdit