Dilutive securities are financial instruments - usually stock options, warrants, convertible bonds - which increase the number of common shares if exercised; this then reduces, or "dilutes", the basic EPS (earnings per share).  Thus, only where the diluted EPS is less than the basic EPS is the transaction classified as dilutive.  Compare Accretion (finance).
The concept of dilutive securities is often a purely theoretical one, since these instruments will not be converted into common stock unless the price at which they can be purchased will generate a profit. In many cases, the strike prices are set above the market price, so they will not be exercised.
- Donald E. Kieso; Jerry J. Weygandt; Terry D. Warfield (4 October 2010). Intermediate Accounting: IFRS Edition. John Wiley & Sons. p. 822. ISBN 978-0-470-61631-4.
- Eugene F. Brigham; Phillip R. Daves (24 February 2012). Intermediate Financial Management. Cengage Learning. pp. 781–. ISBN 978-1-111-53026-6.
- Bragg, Steven M. (2009). Running a Public Company: From IPO to SEC Reporting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. p. 232. ISBN 978-0-470-52728-3.
- Bragg, Steven (21 November 2018). "The Differences Between Dilutive Securities and Anti-Dilutive Securities". Investopedia. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
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